424B3
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Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
Registration No. 333-220466

 

 

LOGO    LOGO

MERGER PROPOSED—YOUR VOTE IS VERY IMPORTANT

Dear Stockholders and Shareholders:

Discovery Communications, Inc., which we refer to as “Discovery”, and Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., which we refer to as “Scripps”, have entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of July 30, 2017, which we refer to as the “merger agreement”, among Scripps, Discovery and Skylight Merger Sub, Inc., an Ohio corporation and a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as “Merger Sub”, pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps , with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as the “merger”.

If the merger is completed, each Common Voting Share, par value $0.01 per share, of Scripps, which we refer to as the “Scripps common shares”, and each Class A Common Share, par value $0.01 per share, of Scripps, which we refer to as the “Scripps Class A shares” and, together with the Scripps common shares, the “Scripps shares”, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the completion of the merger (other than (i) Scripps shares owned by Discovery or Merger Sub and (ii) Scripps shares owned by shareholders who have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for dissenters’ rights pursuant to Ohio law) will be converted into the right to receive $63.00 in cash and a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as the “Discovery Series C common stock”, based on the exchange ratios described below, which we refer to as the “merger consideration”. The stock portion of the merger consideration will be subject to a collar based on the volume weighted average price of the Discovery Series C common stock on the NASDAQ Stock Market measured cumulatively over the 15 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the completion of the merger, which we refer to as the “DISCK 15-day VWAP”. Holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, and 0.9408 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than $28.70. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70, holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock between 1.2096 and 0.9408 equal to $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51, Discovery has the option to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares. Accordingly, the actual number of shares and the value of Discovery Series C common stock delivered to Scripps shareholders after the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The value of the Discovery Series C common stock delivered for each such Scripps share may be greater than, less than or equal to $27.00. Based on the closing stock price of Discovery Series C common stock on October 18, 2017, the latest practicable date before the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, of $18.53, and assuming that such price was to be the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the merger upon which the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be received as merger consideration is determined, holders of Scripps shares would receive 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock for each Scripps share that they hold. Based on the number of Scripps shares outstanding as of October 18, 2017 and the foregoing assumptions, Discovery expects to issue approximately 157,127,045 million shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders pursuant to the merger. The DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock when Scripps shareholders receive those shares after the merger is completed could be greater than, less than or equal to the DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock on the date of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or at the time of the special meeting of Scripps shareholders.

Holders of Scripps shares will have the option to elect to receive their merger consideration in cash, which we refer to as the “cash consideration”, stock, which we refer to as the “stock consideration”, or the mixture described above, which we refer to as the “mixed consideration”, subject to pro rata cut backs to the extent cash or stock is oversubscribed. Holders of Scripps shares who do not make an election will receive the mixed consideration. No fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock will be issued in the merger. Scripps shareholders will receive cash, without interest, in lieu of any fractional shares.

Each of Discovery and Scripps will be holding a special meeting of their respective stockholders and shareholders to vote on certain matters in connection with the merger.

Discovery stockholders are cordially invited to attend a special meeting of Discovery stockholders to be held on November 17, 2017, at Discovery’s offices located at 850 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022, at


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10:00 A.M. New York time, which we refer to as the “Discovery special meeting”. At the Discovery special meeting, Discovery stockholders will be asked to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders in the merger, which we refer to as the “stock issuance”. Scripps shareholders are cordially invited to attend a special meeting of Scripps shareholders to be held on November 17, 2017, at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, Tennessee, 37919 at 10:00 A.M., New York time, which we refer to as the “Scripps special meeting”. At the Scripps special meeting, Scripps shareholders will be asked to consider and vote on a proposal to adopt the merger agreement pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery (we refer to this proposal as the “merger proposal”).

We cannot complete the merger unless Scripps shareholders approve the merger proposal and Discovery stockholders approve the stock issuance. Your vote is very important, regardless of the number of shares you own. Whether or not you expect to attend the Discovery special meeting or the Scripps special meeting in person, please vote or otherwise submit a proxy to vote your shares as promptly as possible so that your shares may be represented and voted at the Discovery special meeting or the Scripps special meeting, as applicable. If your shares are held in the name of a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other record holder, please follow the instructions on the voting instruction form furnished to you by such record holder.

In addition, at the Scripps special meeting, Scripps shareholders will be asked to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, certain compensation payments that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger, which we refer to as the “‘golden parachute’ compensation proposal” and to approve the adjournment of the Scripps special meeting if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting or if a quorum is not present at the Scripps special meeting, which we refer to as the “adjournment proposal”.

The Discovery board of directors, which we refer to as the “Discovery board”, recommends that Discovery stockholders vote “FOR” the stock issuance.

The Scripps board of directors, which we refer to as the “Scripps board”, unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal and “FOR” the “‘golden parachute’ compensation proposal” and “FOR” the adjournment proposal.

The accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus provides important information regarding the Discovery and Scripps special meetings and a detailed description of the merger agreement, the merger and the matters to be presented at the Discovery and Scripps special meetings, as applicable. We urge you to read the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus (and any documents incorporated by reference into the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus) carefully. Please pay particular attention to “Risk Factors” beginning on page 28 of the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

We hope to see you at the special meetings and look forward to the successful completion of the merger.

 

By Order of the Discovery Board of Directors,

 

By Order of the Scripps Board of Directors,

LOGO

David M. Zaslav

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

LOGO

Kenneth W. Lowe

Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

NEITHER THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, WHICH WE REFER TO AS THE “SEC”, NOR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION HAS APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED OF THE MERGER OR THE OTHER TRANSACTIONS DESCRIBED IN THIS JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS OR THE SECURITIES TO BE ISSUED IN CONNECTION WITH THE MERGER OR DETERMINED IF THIS JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS IS ACCURATE OR COMPLETE. ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is dated October 19, 2017, and is first being mailed to Discovery stockholders and Scripps shareholders on or about October 19, 2017.


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LOGO

NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETING OF DISCOVERY STOCKHOLDERS

TO BE HELD ON NOVEMBER 17, 2017

ONE DISCOVERY PLACE

SILVER SPRING, MARYLAND 20910

To Fellow Discovery Stockholders:

NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that a special meeting of stockholders of Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery special meeting”, will be held at Discovery’s offices located at 850 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022 on November 17, 2017 at 10:00 A.M. New York time.

ITEM OF BUSINESS:

 

    To consider and vote on a proposal to approve the issuance of Discovery Series C common stock, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as the “Discovery Series C common stock”, to Scripps shareholders as consideration in the merger contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of July 30, 2017, as it may be amended from time to time, among Discovery, Scripps and Skylight Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as the “merger agreement” (we refer to this proposal as the “stock issuance proposal”).

The Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, including the annexes, contains further information with respect to the business to be transacted at the Discovery special meeting. We urge you to read the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, including any documents incorporated by reference, and the annexes carefully and in their entirety. Discovery will transact no other business at the Discovery special meeting, except for business properly brought before the Discovery special meeting or any adjournment or postponement thereof. Please refer to the Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus of which this notice forms a part for further information with respect to the business to be transacted at the Discovery special meeting.

DISCOVERY BOARD OF DIRECTORS’ RECOMMENDATION:

On July 29, 2017, after careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Discovery’s management and advisors, all members of the board of directors of Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery board”, in attendance at the meeting, except for one director who abstained, approved the merger agreement. Director Paul Gould abstained due to his employment relationship with Allen & Company LLC, one of Scripps’ financial advisors in connection with the merger. See “Transaction Summary—Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”. Moreover, the members of the Discovery board in attendance at the meeting, with Mr. Gould abstaining, unanimously determined that the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby are advisable, fair to and in the best interests of Discovery and its stockholders and further resolved that it is recommended to the Discovery stockholders that they vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal in connection with the merger.

The Discovery board recommends that you vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal.

WHO MAY VOTE:

The Discovery board has fixed the close of business on October 19, 2017 as the record date for the Discovery special meeting, which we refer to as the “Discovery record date”. Only holders of record of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as the “Discovery Series B common stock” and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as “Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock” and together with the Discovery Series A common stock and Discovery Series B common stock, the “Discovery voting stock”, as of the Discovery record date are entitled to receive notice of the Discovery special meeting and to vote at the Discovery special meeting


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or any adjournment or postponement thereof. As of the Discovery record date, there were 154,002,569, 6,512,379 and 7,852,582 and four-ninths (4/9ths) shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock outstanding, respectively. For the stock issuance proposal, holders of Discovery Series A common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of such stock held, holders of Discovery Series B common stock are entitled to ten votes for each share of such stock held, and holders of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock are entitled to the number of votes equal to the number of votes such holder would have been entitled to cast had it converted its shares of Series A-1 preferred stock into shares of Series A common stock immediately prior to the Discovery record date. A list of Discovery stockholders of record entitled to vote at the Discovery special meeting will be available at the executive offices of Discovery at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 at least ten days prior to the Discovery special meeting and will also be available for inspection at the Discovery special meeting by any Discovery stockholder for purposes germane to the meeting.

VOTE REQUIRED FOR APPROVAL:

Your vote is very important. We cannot complete the merger without the approval of the stock issuance proposal. If the stock issuance proposal is not approved by the holders of the requisite number of shares of Discovery voting stock, then the transaction will not occur. Assuming a quorum is present, approval of the stock issuance proposal requires the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the combined voting power of the outstanding Discovery voting stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Discovery special meeting and entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal.

To ensure your representation at the Discovery special meeting, please complete and return the enclosed proxy card or submit your proxy by telephone or through the Internet. Please submit your proxy promptly, whether or not you expect to attend the Discovery special meeting. Submitting a proxy now will not prevent you from being able to vote in person at the Discovery special meeting.

 

By Order of the Discovery Board of Directors,

 

LOGO

Savalle Sims

Executive Vice President and General Counsel

Silver Spring, Maryland

October 19, 2017


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LOGO

NOTICE OF SPECIAL MEETING OF SCRIPPS SHAREHOLDERS

TO BE HELD ON NOVEMBER 17, 2017

To the shareholders of Scripps:

A special meeting of shareholders of Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., an Ohio corporation, which we refer to as “Scripps”, will be held on November 17, 2017, at the offices of Baker Donelson Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, P.C., located at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, TN 37919, at 10:00 A.M., New York time, which we refer to as the “Scripps special meeting”, for the following purposes:

 

    To consider and vote on a proposal to adopt the Agreement and Plan of Merger, which we refer to as the “merger agreement”, dated as of July 30, 2017, as may be amended, among Scripps, Discovery Communications, Inc., a Delaware corporation, which we refer to as “Discovery”, and Skylight Merger Sub, Inc., an Ohio corporation and a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as “Merger Sub”, pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as the “merger” (we refer to this proposal as the “merger proposal”);

 

    To consider and vote on a proposal to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation payments that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger, which we refer to as the “‘golden parachute’ compensation proposal”; and

 

    To consider and vote on a proposal to approve the adjournment of the Scripps special meeting if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting or if a quorum is not present at the Scripps special meeting, which we refer to as the “adjournment proposal”.

The Scripps board has fixed the close of business on October 3, 2017 as the record date for determination of the shareholders entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting. Only shareholders of record at the record date are entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting. A complete list of shareholders entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting will be available at the Scripps special meeting for inspection by any shareholder.

If you hold Scripps Class A common shares, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as the “Scripps Class A shares”, or Scripps Common Voting Shares, par value $0.01 per share, which we refer to as the “Scripps common shares” and together with the Scripps Class A shares, the “Scripps shares”, in your name at the record date, please be prepared to provide proper identification, such as a driver’s license, to gain admission to the Scripps special meeting.

If you are a beneficial owner of Scripps Class A shares or Scripps common shares held in “street name,” meaning that your shares are held by a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, at the record date, in addition to proper identification, you will also need to provide proof of ownership at the record date to be admitted to the Scripps special meeting. A brokerage statement or letter from a bank or broker are examples of proof of ownership. If you want to vote your Scripps shares held in “street name” in person at the Scripps special meeting, you will have to obtain a legal proxy in your name from the bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record who holds your shares.

Approval of the merger proposal requires (i) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class.


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After careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Scripps’ management and advisors, the Scripps board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are fair to and in the best interests of Scripps’ shareholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal, “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and “FOR” the adjournment proposal.

By order of the Scripps Board of Directors,

 

LOGO

Eleni Stratigeas

Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

9721 Sherrill Blvd.

Knoxville, TN 37932

October 19, 2017

YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT!

WHETHER OR NOT YOU EXPECT TO ATTEND THE SCRIPPS SPECIAL MEETING IN PERSON, IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOUR SHARES BE REPRESENTED. WE URGE YOU TO SUBMIT YOUR PROXY AS PROMPTLY AS POSSIBLE (1) VIA THE INTERNET, (2) BY TELEPHONE OR (3) BY SIGNING, DATING AND MARKING THE ENCLOSED PROXY CARD AND RETURNING IT IN THE POSTAGE-PAID ENVELOPE PROVIDED. IF YOU ATTEND THE SCRIPPS SPECIAL MEETING AND WISH TO VOTE YOUR SHARES IN PERSON, YOU MAY DO SO AT ANY TIME PRIOR TO YOUR PROXY BEING EXERCISED. YOU MAY REVOKE YOUR PROXY OR CHANGE YOUR VOTE AT ANY TIME BEFORE THE SCRIPPS SPECIAL MEETING. IF YOUR SHARES ARE HELD IN THE NAME OF A BANK, BROKER, NOMINEE OR OTHER RECORD HOLDER, PLEASE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE VOTING INSTRUCTION FORM FURNISHED TO YOU BY SUCH RECORD HOLDER.

We urge you to read the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, including all documents incorporated by reference into the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, and its annexes carefully and in their entirety. If you have any questions concerning the merger, the merger agreement, the merger proposal, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, the adjournment proposal, the Scripps special meeting or the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, would like additional copies of the accompanying Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or need help voting your Scripps shares, please contact:

MacKenzie Partners, Inc.

105 Madison Avenue

New York, NY 10016

Telephone Toll-Free: (800) 322-2885

Telephone Call Collect: (212) 929-5500

Email: SNI@mackenziepartners.com

or

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

9721 Sherrill Blvd

Knoxville, TN 37932

Attention: Eleni Stratigeas, Scripps’ Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary

Telephone: (865) 560-3326

Email: estratigeas@scrippsnetworks.com


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REFERENCES TO ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Discovery Communications, Inc., which we refer to as “Discovery”, has filed a registration statement on Form S-4 to which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus relates. This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus does not contain all of the information included in the registration statement or in the exhibits to the registration statement to which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus relates.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus also incorporates by reference important business and financial information about Discovery and Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., which we refer to as “Scripps” from documents previously filed by Discovery or Scripps with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which we refer to as the “SEC”, that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. In addition, Discovery and Scripps each file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other business and financial information with the SEC.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and the annexes hereto, the registration statement to which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus relates and the exhibits thereto, the information incorporated by reference herein and the other information filed by Discovery and Scripps with the SEC are available for you to review at the SEC’s Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Room 1580, Washington, DC 20549. You can also obtain these documents through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on either Discovery’s website at http://corporate.discovery.com in the “Investor Relations” section or on Scripps’ website at http://www.scrippsnetworksinteractive.com in the “Investors” section. By referring to Discovery’s website, Scripps’ website and the SEC’s website, Discovery and Scripps do not incorporate any such website or its contents into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Discovery and Scripps from other documents that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. This information is also available to you without charge upon your request. You can obtain these documents incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus by requesting them in writing or by telephone from the appropriate company at the following addresses and telephone numbers:

 

Discovery Communications, Inc.

One Discovery Place

Silver Spring, Maryland 20910

(240) 662-2000

Attn: Investor Relations

  

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

9721 Sherrill Boulevard

Knoxville, Tennessee 37932

(865) 694-2700

Attn: Eleni Stratigeas

If you would like to request documents, please do so no later than five business days before the date of the Discovery special meeting (which meeting is November 17, 2017) or five business days before the date of the Scripps special meeting (which meeting is November 17, 2017), as applicable.

See “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference” for more information about the documents incorporated by reference in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

If you hold your shares in “street name,” through a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you should contact such bank, brokerage firm or other nominee if you need to obtain a voting instruction card or have questions on how to vote your shares.

ABOUT THIS JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, which forms part of a registration statement on Form S-4, filed with the SEC by Discovery (File No. 333-220466), constitutes a prospectus of Discovery under Section 5 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, which we refer to as the “Securities Act”, with respect to the shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be issued to Scripps shareholders pursuant to the merger agreement. This


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Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus also constitutes a proxy statement of each of Discovery and Scripps under Section 14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer to as the “Exchange Act”. It also constitutes a notice of meeting with respect to the special meeting of Discovery stockholders and a notice of meeting with respect to the special meeting of Scripps shareholders.

You should rely only on the information contained in or incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. No one has been authorized to provide you with information that is different from that contained in or incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is dated October 19, 2017, and is based on information as of its date or such other date as may be noted. You should not assume that the information contained in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is accurate as of any other date. You should not assume that the information contained in any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein is accurate as of any date other than the date of such document. Any statement contained in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus will be deemed to be modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained herein or in any other subsequently filed document which also is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus modifies or supersedes that statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Neither the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus to the stockholders of Discovery or the shareholders of Scripps nor the taking of any actions contemplated hereby by Discovery or Scripps at any time will create any implication to the contrary.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy, any securities, or the solicitation of a proxy, in any jurisdiction in which or from any person to whom it is unlawful to make any such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. Information contained in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus regarding Discovery has been provided by Discovery and information contained in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus regarding Scripps has been provided by Scripps.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTION AND THE SPECIAL MEETINGS

     i  

SUMMARY

     1  

Parties to the Transaction

     1  

The Merger

     2  

Information About the Discovery Special Meeting

     3  

Information About the Scripps Special Meeting

     4  

Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation

     6  

Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation

     6  

Opinions of Discovery’s Financial Advisors

     6  

Opinions of Scripps’ Financial Advisors

     7  

Key Terms of the Merger Agreement

     8  

Rights of Scripps Shareholders Will Change as a Result of the Merger

     11  

Other Agreements Related to the Merger

     11  

Financing of the Transaction

     12  

Regulatory Approvals Required for the Merger

     13  

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger

     14  

Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger

     14  

Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger

     14  

Voting by Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers

     16  

Voting by Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers

     16  

Dissenters’ Rights of Scripps Shareholders

     16  

Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders

     17  

Risk Factors

     17  

Litigation Relating to the Merger

     17  

Accounting Treatment

     17  

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED HISTORICAL FINANCIAL DATA OF DISCOVERY

     18  

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED HISTORICAL FINANCIAL DATA OF SCRIPPS

     21  

COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL AND UNAUDITED PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA

     23  

COMPARATIVE PER SHARE MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

     24  

SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

     26  

RISK FACTORS

     28  

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     39  

INFORMATION ABOUT THE DISCOVERY SPECIAL MEETING AND PROPOSAL

     42  

INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCRIPPS SPECIAL MEETING AND PROPOSALS

     47  

TRANSACTION SUMMARY

     55  

Parties to the Transaction

     55  

Description of the Merger

     56  

Background of the Transaction

     56  

Merger Consideration

     68  

Procedures for Election

     69  

Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Discovery Board

     69  

Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board

     73  

No Solicitation by Scripps

     76  

No Solicitation by Discovery

     79  

Opinion of Goldman Sachs  & Co. LLC, Financial Advisor to Discovery

     81  

Opinion of Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Financial Advisor to Discovery

     89  

Opinion of Allen & Company LLC, Financial Advisor to Scripps

     103  

Opinion of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Financial Advisor to Scripps

     106  

 

i


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Unaudited Prospective Financial Information

     118  

Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger

     122  

Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger

     123  

Voting by Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers

     134  

Voting by Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers

     134  

Scripps Shareholder Advisory (Non-Binding) Vote on the “Golden Parachute” Compensation Proposal

     135  

Accounting Treatment of the Transaction

     135  

NASDAQ Listing of Discovery Series C Common Stock

     135  

Delisting and Deregistration of Scripps Class A Shares

     135  

Regulatory Approvals

     135  

Regulatory Approvals and Efforts to Close the Merger

     136  

Financing of the Transaction

     137  

OTHER AGREEMENTS RELATED TO THE MERGER

     139  

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSEQUENCES OF THE MERGER

     141  

THE MERGER AGREEMENT

     147  

Description of the Merger Agreement

     147  

Explanatory Note Regarding Representations, Warranties and Covenants in the Merger Agreement

     147  

Effects of the Merger; Organizational Documents; Directors; Officers

     148  

Treatment of Scripps Equity Awards in the Merger

     149  

Procedures for Election

     150  

Exchange and Payment Procedures

     150  

Distributions with Respect to Unexchanged Shares

     151  

No Transfers Following the Completion of the Merger

     151  

Fractional Shares

     151  

Termination of Exchange Fund

     152  

Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Share Certificates

     152  

Withholding Rights

     152  

Dissenters’ Rights

     152  

Adjustments to Prevent Dilution

     152  

Representations and Warranties

     153  

Conduct of Scripps’ Business Pending the Transaction

     156  

Conduct of Discovery’s Businesses Pending the Transaction

     158  

Restrictions on Scripps’ Solicitation of Acquisition Proposals

     158  

Change of Recommendation by the Scripps Board

     160  

Limits on Release of Standstill and Confidentiality

     161  

Restrictions on Discovery’s Solicitation of Acquisition Proposals

     162  

Change of Recommendation by the Discovery Board

     163  

Limits on Release of Standstill and Confidentiality

     164  

Family Meeting, Scripps Shareholders’ Meeting and Discovery Stockholders’ Meeting

     165  

Regulatory Approvals

     166  

Access to Information

     166  

Post-Closing Employee Matters

     166  

Expenses

     167  

Indemnification and Insurance

     167  

Stockholder and Shareholder Litigation

     167  

Conditions to the Transaction

     167  

Termination

     168  

Termination Fee

     169  

Reimbursement Expenses

     170  

Amendment and Modification

     170  

Remedies

     170  

 

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APPRAISAL AND DISSENTERS’ RIGHTS

     171  

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

     174  

DESCRIPTION OF DISCOVERY CAPITAL STOCK

     189  

CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS OF DISCOVERY STOCK

     196  

CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS OF SCRIPPS SHARES

     201  

COMPARISON OF RIGHTS OF DISCOVERY STOCKHOLDERS AND SCRIPPS SHAREHOLDERS

     204  

LITIGATION RELATING TO THE MERGER

     216  

LEGAL MATTERS

     216  

EXPERTS

     216  

DEADLINE FOR STOCKHOLDER AND SHAREHOLDER PROPOSALS

     216  

INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE

     218  

HOUSEHOLDING OF JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS

     220  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION

     220  

 

ANNEXES

  

Annex A —  Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of July 30, 2017, by and among Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., Discovery Communications, Inc. and Skylight Merger Sub, Inc.

     A-1  

Annex B — Voting Agreement, dated as of July  30, 2017, by and among Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., Discovery Communications, Inc. and John C. Malone

     B-1  

Annex C — Voting Agreement, dated as of July  30, 2017, by and among Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., Discovery Communications, Inc. and Advance/Newhouse Programming Partnership

     C-1  

Annex D — Voting Agreement, dated as of July  30, 2017, by and between Discovery Communications, Inc. and the persons whose names are set forth on the signature pages thereto under the caption “Stockholders”

     D-1  

Annex E — Opinion of Goldman Sachs  & Co. LLC

     E-1  

Annex F — Opinion of Guggenheim Securities, LLC

     F-1  

Annex G — Opinion of Allen & Company LLC

     G-1  

Annex H — Opinion of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC

     H-1  

Annex I —  Ohio Revised Code Section  1701.85

     I-1  

 

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QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE TRANSACTION AND THE SPECIAL MEETINGS

The following are brief answers to common questions that you may have regarding the merger agreement, the transaction, the consideration to be received in the transaction and the special meetings (as discussed below). The questions and answers in this section may not address all questions that might be important to you as a Discovery or Scripps shareholder, as applicable. To better understand these matters, and for a description of the legal terms governing the transaction, we urge you to read carefully and in its entirety this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, including the annexes hereto, and the documents incorporated by reference herein, as well as the registration statement to which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus relates, including the exhibits to the registration statement. See “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference” and “Where You Can Find More Information”.

About the Merger

 

Q: What is the transaction?

 

A: On July 30, 2017, Discovery Communications, Inc., which we refer to as “Discovery”, Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc., which we refer to as “Scripps”, and Skylight Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as “Merger Sub”, entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, which we refer to as the “merger agreement”. The merger agreement is attached to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as Annex A. The merger agreement provides for the merger of Merger Sub with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, which we refer to as the “merger”. We sometimes refer to the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement, taken as a whole, as the “transaction”. The merger will be effective after all of the conditions to the completion of the merger are satisfied or, to the extent permitted by law, waived, at the time a certificate of merger is filed with the Secretary of State of the State of Ohio or at such later time and date designated jointly by Discovery and Scripps in the certificate of merger, which we refer to as the “completion of the merger” or the “closing”.

 

Q: What will I receive in the merger?

 

A: In the merger, each Common Voting Share, par value $0.01 per share, of Scripps, which we refer to as the “Scripps common shares”, and each Class A Common Share, par value $0.01 per share, of Scripps, which we refer to as the “Scripps Class A shares” and, together with the Scripps common shares, the “Scripps shares”, issued and outstanding immediately prior to the completion of the merger (other than (i) Scripps shares owned by Discovery or Merger Sub, and (ii) Scripps shares owned by shareholders who have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for dissenters’ rights pursuant to the Ohio Revised Code, which we refer to as the “ORC”), will be converted into the right to receive $63.00 in cash and a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock, based on the exchange ratios described below, subject to the election right described below, which we refer to as the “merger consideration”.

The stock portion of the merger consideration will be subject to a collar based on the volume weighted average price of the Discovery Series C common stock measured cumulatively over the 15 trading days ending on the third trading day prior to the completion of the merger, which we refer to as the “DISCK 15-day VWAP”. Holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, and 0.9408 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than $28.70. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70, holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock between 1.2096 and 0.9408 equal to $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51, Discovery has the option to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares. Accordingly, the actual number of shares and the value of Discovery Series C common stock delivered to Scripps shareholders after the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The value of the Discovery

 

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Series C common stock delivered for each such Scripps share may be greater than, less than or equal to $27.00. Based on the closing stock price of Discovery Series C common stock on October 18, 2017, the latest practicable date before the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, of $18.53, and assuming that such price was to be the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the merger upon which the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be received as merger consideration is determined, holders of Scripps shares would receive 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock for each Scripps share that they hold. The DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock when Scripps shareholders receive those shares after the merger is completed could be greater than, less than or equal to the DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock on the date of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or at the time of the Scripps special meeting.

 

DISCK 15-Day VWAP

   < $22.32    ³ $22.32 but £ $28.70    > $28.70

Exchange Rate

   1.2096    Between 1.2096 and
0.9408*
   0.9408

 

  * Exchange rate to equal $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP.

Holders of Scripps shares will have the option to elect to receive their merger consideration in cash, which we refer to as the “cash consideration”, stock, which we refer to as the “stock consideration”, or the mixture described above, which we refer to as the “mixed consideration”, subject to pro rata cut backs to the extent cash or stock is oversubscribed.

No fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock will be issued in the merger. Scripps shareholders will receive cash, without interest, in lieu of any fractional shares.

 

Q: Why am I receiving this document?

 

A: Discovery and Scripps are sending these materials to their respective stockholders and shareholders to help them decide how to vote their shares of Discovery voting stock and Scripps shares, as the case may be, with respect to the merger and other matters to be considered at their respective special meetings.

Discovery is holding a special meeting of stockholders, which we refer to as the “Discovery special meeting”, in order to obtain the stockholder approval necessary for a proposal to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders in the merger, which we refer to as the “stock issuance proposal”.

Scripps is holding a special meeting of shareholders, which we refer to as the “Scripps special meeting”, in order to obtain the shareholder approval necessary to approve a proposal to adopt the merger agreement and the merger, which we refer to as the “merger proposal”. Scripps shareholders will also be asked to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation payments that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger, which we refer to as the “‘golden parachute’ compensation proposal”, and to approve the adjournment of the Scripps special meeting if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting or if a quorum is not present at the Scripps special meeting.

This document is being delivered to you as both a Joint Proxy Statement of Discovery and Scripps and a prospectus of Discovery in connection with the merger. It is the proxy statement by which the Scripps board of directors, which we refer to as the “Scripps board”, is soliciting proxies from Scripps shareholders to vote at the Scripps special meeting, or at any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting, on the merger proposal, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and the adjournment proposal. It is also the proxy statement by which the Discovery board of directors, which we refer to as the “Discovery board”, is soliciting proxies from Discovery stockholders to vote at the Discovery special meeting, or at any adjournment or postponement of the Discovery special meeting, on the approval of the stock issuance proposal. In addition, this document is the prospectus by which Discovery will issue shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders in the merger.

 

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Your vote is very important. We encourage you to submit a proxy or voting instructions as soon as possible.

 

Q: What is the value of the merger consideration?

 

A: Based on the closing stock price of Discovery Series C common stock on October 18, 2017, the latest practicable date before the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, of $18.53, and assuming that such price was to be the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the merger upon which the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be received by Scripps shareholders as merger consideration is determined, holders of Scripps shares would receive 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock for each Scripps share. The value of the merger consideration that Scripps shareholders will receive in the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock calculated at the end of the trading day that is three trading days prior to the completion of the merger. The average DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock when Scripps shareholders receive those shares after the completion of the merger could be greater than, less than or equal to the DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock on the date of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or at the time of the Scripps special meeting. In addition, the market value of the Discovery Series C common stock will fluctuate after the completion of the merger. Fluctuations in the share price of the Discovery Series C common stock could result from changes in the business, operations or prospects of Discovery or Scripps prior to the completion of the merger or Discovery following the completion of the merger, regulatory considerations, general market and economic conditions and other factors both within and beyond the control of Discovery or Scripps. Scripps shareholders are advised to obtain current market quotations for the Discovery Series C common stock.

 

Q: As a current employee and holder of options issued by Scripps to purchase Scripps Class A shares, or a holder of Scripps restricted stock units or Scripps performance-based restricted stock units, what will I receive in the merger?

 

A: Upon the completion of the merger, in respect of each option to purchase Scripps Class A shares that is outstanding immediately prior to the completion of the merger and that is held by any then-current Scripps employee, whether or not exercisable or vested, the holder thereof will be entitled to receive both a cash payment (subject to applicable withholding taxes) and a fully vested option to purchase Discovery Series C common stock. The cash payment will be paid in a lump sum in an amount equal to (x) approximately 70% of the total number of shares subject to the option immediately prior to the completion of the merger, multiplied by (y) the excess, if any, of the per share cash consideration over the per share exercise price of such option, less amounts withheld for applicable federal, state, local and foreign taxes. The fully vested option will be subject to substantially the same terms and conditions as were applicable to the Scripps option immediately prior to the completion of the merger (other than vesting), and will be exercisable with respect to a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number) equal to (x) approximately 30% of the total number of shares subject to the Scripps option immediately prior to the completion of the merger, multiplied by (y) the option exchange ratio, which equals the quotient (rounded to four decimal places) obtained by dividing (i) the weighted average price of the Scripps Class A shares on the NASDAQ Stock Market, which we refer to as the “NASDAQ”, on the trading day immediately prior to the completion of the merger by (ii) the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The as-converted Discovery option will have an exercise price per share of Discovery Series C common stock equal to the quotient (rounded up to the nearest whole cent) obtained by dividing (x) the exercise price per share subject to the Scripps option immediately prior to the completion of the merger, by (y) the option exchange ratio.

Upon the completion of the merger, each outstanding Scripps restricted stock unit award and Scripps performance-based restricted stock unit award, whether or not the holder is employed by Scripps and whether or not vested, generally will be converted into the right to receive (with performance-based awards calculated at target levels of achievement): (i) a lump sum cash payment in the amount equal to (x) approximately 70% of the number of Scripps shares subject to such award immediately prior to the

 

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completion of the merger multiplied by (y) the per share cash consideration, less amounts withheld for applicable federal, state, local and foreign taxes; and (ii) a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock (rounded down to the nearest whole number) equal to the product of (x) approximately 30% of the number of Scripps shares subject to such award immediately prior to the completion of the merger, multiplied by (y) (a) 1.2096, if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is below $22.32, (b) 0.9408, if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is above $28.70, or (c) value between 1.2096 and 0.9408, which results in an equivalent value of $27.00 per share at the DISCK 15-day VWAP, if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70.

However, alternative treatment will apply to a small number of Scripps restricted stock unit awards and Scripps performance-based restricted stock unit awards, which are subject to vesting following the occurrence of both a change in control of Scripps and the termination of the employee by Discovery without cause or by the employee for good reason, which we refer to as “double trigger vesting”, the treatment of which is addressed below in “The Merger Agreement—Treatment of Scripps Equity Awards in the Merger”.

 

Q: As a former employee and holder of options issued by Scripps to purchase Scripps Class A shares, or as a current or former non-employee director and holder of options issued by Scripps to purchase Scripps Class A shares or Scripps phantom stock units, what will I receive in the merger?

 

A: Upon the completion of the merger, each outstanding option to purchase Scripps Class A shares held by a former employee or a current or former non-employee director of Scripps, whether or not exercisable or vested, will be cancelled, and Scripps will pay each such holder a lump sum cash payment in an amount equal to (i) the number of Scripps shares subject to such option immediately prior to the completion of the merger, multiplied by (ii) the excess, if any, of the per share cash consideration over the per share exercise price of such option, less amounts withheld for applicable federal, state, local and foreign taxes.

Upon completion of the merger, each Scripps phantom stock unit subject to the Scripps 2008 Deferred Compensation and Stock Plan for Directors that is outstanding immediately prior to the completion of the merger will be deemed converted into the right to receive an amount in cash equal to (x) the number of phantom units in each of Scripps director’s accounts immediately prior to the completion of the merger multiplied by (y) the per share cash consideration.

See “The Merger Agreement—Treatment of Scripps Equity Awards in the Merger”.

 

Q: What equity stake will Scripps shareholders hold in Discovery immediately following the merger?

 

A: Based on the closing stock price of Discovery Series C common stock on the NASDAQ on October 18, 2017, the latest practicable date before the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, of $18.53, and assuming that such price was to be the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the merger upon which the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be received as merger consideration is determined, holders of Scripps shares would receive 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock for each Scripps share, and holders of Scripps shares would hold, in the aggregate, approximately 41.8% of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series C common stock immediately following the completion of the merger. The DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock when Scripps shareholders receive those shares after the completion of the merger could be greater than, less than or equal to the DISCK 15-day VWAP of shares of Discovery Series C common stock on the date of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or at the time of the Scripps special meeting.

The exact number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that will be issued in the merger will not be known at the time of the special meeting and will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP at which Discovery Series C common stock trades during the applicable period leading up to the merger. Holders of shares of Discovery Series C common stock have no voting rights except as required under the Delaware General Corporate Law, which we refer to as the “DGCL”.

 

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Q: When do you expect the transaction to be completed?

 

A: The transaction is expected to close by the first quarter of 2018. However, the completion of the merger is subject to various conditions, including the approval of the stock issuance proposal at the Discovery special meeting and the approval of the merger proposal at the Scripps special meeting, as well as required approval of the transaction by the European Commission, which we refer to as the “EC” pursuant to Council Regulation No. 139/2004 of the European Community, which we refer to as the “EC Merger Regulation”, and expiration or termination of the waiting period under the Hart Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, which we refer to as the “HSR Act”, and the antitrust or competition laws and media merger laws of certain other enumerated jurisdictions, the listing of the Discovery Series C common stock to be issued in connection with the merger on the NASDAQ and the absence of certain legal impediments to the completion of the merger. No assurance can be provided as to when or if the transaction will be completed, and it is possible that factors outside the control of Discovery and Scripps could result in the transaction being completed at a later time, or not at all. See “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Transaction”.

 

Q: What are the conditions to the completion of the transaction?

 

A: In addition to the approval of the merger proposal by the Scripps shareholders and the approval of the stock issuance proposal by Discovery stockholders, completion of the merger is subject to the satisfaction of a number of other conditions, including certain regulatory approvals. For additional information on the regulatory and other approvals required to complete the merger, see “Transaction Summary—Regulatory Approvals,” “Transaction Summary—Regulatory Approvals and Efforts to Close the Merger,” “The Merger Agreement—Regulatory Approvals” and “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Transaction”.

 

Q: What effects will the merger have on Discovery and Scripps?

 

A: Upon completion of the merger, Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery. As a condition to the completion of the merger, the shares of Discovery Series C common stock issued in connection with the merger are expected to be approved for listing on the NASDAQ.

 

Q: What is the effect if the stock issuance proposal is not approved at the Discovery special meeting or the merger proposal is not approved at the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: If the stock issuance proposal is not approved by the requisite votes at the Discovery special meeting, or any adjournment or postponement thereof, or the merger proposal is not approved by the requisite votes at the Scripps special meeting, or any adjournment or postponement thereof, then the merger will not be completed. Instead, Scripps will remain an independent public company, Scripps Class A shares would continue to be listed and traded on the NASDAQ, and the merger consideration would not be paid. Each of Discovery and Scripps have the right to terminate the merger agreement under certain circumstances, including in the event of a failure by either of Discovery or Scripps to obtain the required vote of their respective stockholders and shareholders. If the merger agreement is terminated by either party as a result of the other party’s failure to obtain its respective stockholder or shareholder approval, the terminating party will receive from the other party a fee equal to $25,000,000, which we refer to as the “reimbursement expenses”. If the merger agreement is terminated by Discovery as a result of the Scripps board changing its recommendation of the merger prior to Scripps’ shareholder approval having been obtained, or by Scripps if, prior to Scripps’ shareholder approval having been obtained, Scripps enters into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement with respect to a Scripps superior proposal (as defined below) that did not result from a material breach of the merger agreement, then Scripps would be obligated to pay Discovery a fee equal to $356,000,000, which we refer to as the “termination fee”. If the merger agreement is terminated by Scripps as a result of the Discovery board changing its recommendation of the stock issuance proposal prior to Discovery’s stockholder approval having been obtained, then Discovery would be obligated to pay Scripps the termination fee. See “The Merger Agreement—Termination.

 

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Q: Is the transaction expected to be taxable to Scripps shareholders?

 

A: Yes. For U.S. holders (as such term is defined below under “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger”), the receipt of the merger consideration in exchange for Scripps shares pursuant to the merger will be a taxable transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Scripps shareholders should consult their tax advisors regarding the particular tax consequences of the exchange of Scripps shares for the merger consideration pursuant to the merger in light of their particular circumstances (including the application and effect of any state, local or foreign income and other tax laws). For a more detailed discussion of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the merger to Scripps shareholders, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger”.

 

Q: Do Discovery stockholders and Scripps shareholders have appraisal or dissenters rights in connection with the transaction?

 

A: Scripps shareholders may be entitled to dissenters’ rights under Section 1701.85 of the ORC, provided they follow procedures and satisfy the conditions set forth in Section 1701.85 of the ORC. See “Appraisal and Dissenters’ Rights—Scripps Shareholders”. In addition, a copy of Section 1701.85 of the ORC is attached as Annex I to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Failure to strictly comply with Section 1701.85 of the ORC may result in your waiver of, or inability to, exercise dissenters’ rights.

Under the DGCL, Discovery stockholders are not entitled to appraisal rights in connection with the merger.

About the Discovery and Scripps Special Meetings

 

Q: When and where will the Discovery special meeting be held?

 

A: The Discovery special meeting will be held at Discovery’s offices located at 850 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022 on November 17, 2017 at 10:00 A.M. New York time.

 

Q: When and where will the Scripps special meeting be held?

 

A: The Scripps special meeting will be held at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, TN 37919 on November 17, 2017 at 10:00 A.M. New York time.

 

Q: What are Discovery stockholders being asked to vote on?

 

A: At the Discovery special meeting, you will be asked to consider and vote on the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders in the merger.

The approval of the stock issuance proposal by Discovery stockholders is a condition to the obligations of Scripps and Discovery to complete the merger.

Discovery does not expect any other business to be conducted at the Discovery special meeting.

 

Q: What are Scripps shareholders being asked to vote on?

 

A: At the Scripps special meeting, you will be asked to consider and vote on the following proposals:

 

    to approve the merger proposal, pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery;

 

    to consider and vote on a proposal to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation payments that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger, and

 

    to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the adjournment of the Scripps special meeting if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting or if a quorum is not present at the Scripps special meeting.

 

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The approval of the merger proposal by Scripps shareholders is a condition to the obligations of Scripps and Discovery to complete the merger. The approval of the “golden parachute” compensation proposal is not a condition to the obligations of Scripps or Discovery to complete the merger. The approval of the adjournment proposal is not a condition to the obligations of Scripps or Discovery to complete the merger.

 

Q: Why are Scripps shareholders being asked to consider and vote on a proposal to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal?

 

A: The Securities and Exchange Commission, which we refer to as the “SEC”, has adopted rules that require Scripps to seek an advisory (non-binding) vote on the “golden parachute” compensation. The “golden parachute” compensation refers to certain compensation that is tied to or based on the merger and that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger.

 

Q: What will happen if the “golden parachute” compensation proposal is not approved at the special meeting?

 

A: Approval of the “golden parachute” compensation proposal is not a condition to completion of the merger. Accordingly, Scripps shareholders may vote against the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and vote in favor of the merger proposal. The “golden parachute” compensation proposal vote is an advisory (non-binding) vote. If the transaction is completed, the compensation described in the “golden parachute” compensation proposal may be paid to Scripps’ named executive officers to the extent payable in accordance with the terms of their respective compensation agreements and contractual arrangements even if Scripps shareholders do not approve the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

 

Q: Does the Discovery board recommend that Discovery stockholders approve the stock issuance proposal?

 

A: Yes. The members of the Discovery board in attendance at the meeting and participating in the Discovery board’s decision determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement, including the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders, are fair to and in the best interests of Discovery stockholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. Such members of the Discovery board in attendance at the meeting unanimously recommend that Discovery stockholders vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal. See “Transaction Summary—Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Discovery Board”.

 

Q: Does the Scripps board recommend that Scripps shareholders approve the merger proposal?

 

A: Yes. The Scripps board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are fair to and in the best interests of Scripps shareholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal. See “Transaction Summary—Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board”.

 

Q: Does the Scripps board recommend that Scripps shareholders approve the “golden parachute” compensation proposal?

 

A: Yes. The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal. See “Transaction Summary—Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board”.

 

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Q: Does the Scripps board recommend that Scripps shareholders approve the adjournment of the Scripps special meeting, if necessary?

 

A: Yes. The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the adjournment proposal. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal III: Scripps Special Meeting Adjournment Proposal”.

 

Q: Who is entitled to vote at the Discovery special meeting?

 

A: The Discovery board has fixed the close of business on October 19, 2017 as the record date for the Discovery special meeting, which we refer to as the “Discovery record date”. You are entitled to receive notice of, and vote at, the Discovery special meeting if you owned shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date, provided that those shares remain outstanding on the date of the Discovery special meeting.

 

Q: Who is entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: The Scripps board has fixed the close of business on October 3, 2017 as the record date, which we refer to as the “Scripps record date”. You are entitled to receive notice of, and vote at, the Scripps special meeting if you owned Scripps shares as of the Scripps record date, provided that those shares remain outstanding on the date of the Scripps special meeting.

 

Q: What constitutes a quorum for the Discovery special meeting?

 

A: The presence, in person or by properly executed proxy, of the holders of a majority in voting power of the Discovery voting stock, with the Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock voting on an as-converted to common stock basis, voting together as a single class, will constitute a quorum for the combined class vote on the stock issuance proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes (where a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee does not exercise discretionary authority to vote on a proposal) will not be treated as present for purposes of determining the presence of a quorum. If a quorum is not present, the Discovery special meeting will be adjourned until a quorum is obtained.

 

Q: What constitutes a quorum for the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: The presence at the Scripps special meeting, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast for each proposal at the Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017) will constitute a quorum for such proposal. Abstentions will be deemed present at the Scripps special meeting for the purpose of determining the presence of a quorum. Scripps shares held in “street name” with respect to which the beneficial owner fails to give voting instructions to the bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record will not be deemed present at the Scripps special meeting for the purpose of determining the presence of a quorum. There must be a quorum for business to be conducted at the Scripps special meeting. Failure of a quorum to be represented at the Scripps special meeting will necessitate an adjournment or postponement and will subject Scripps to additional expense.

 

Q: What Discovery stockholder vote is required for the approval of each proposal at the Discovery special meeting?

 

A: Approval of the stock issuance proposal requires the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the combined voting power of the outstanding Discovery voting stock, voting together as a single class, present in person or represented by proxy at the Discovery special meeting and entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal.

 

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Q: What Scripps shareholder vote is required for the approval of each proposal at the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: The following are the vote requirements for the proposals:

 

    Approval of the Merger Proposal: The (i) affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of a majority of the Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class, are required to approve the merger proposal.

 

    Approval of Golden Parachute Compensation: The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

 

    Adjournment (if necessary): Whether or not a quorum is present, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required to approve the adjournment proposal.

 

Q: How many votes do Discovery stockholders have?

 

A: Each holder of Discovery Series A common stock will be entitled to one vote for each share of such stock held on the Discovery record date on the stock issuance proposal that will be voted upon at the Discovery special meeting. Each holder of Discovery Series B common stock will be entitled to 10 votes for each share of such stock held on the Discovery record date on the stock issuance proposal that will be voted upon at the Discovery special meeting. Each holder of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock on the Discovery record date will be entitled to the number of votes equal to the number of votes such holder would have been entitled to cast had it converted its shares of Series A-1 preferred stock into shares of Series A common stock immediately prior to the Discovery record date for each share of such stock held on the Discovery record date on the stock issuance proposal that will be voted upon at the Discovery special meeting. The holders of outstanding shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock will vote as one class with respect to the stock issuance proposal.

As of the Discovery record date, there were 154,002,569, 6,512,379 and 7,852,582 and four-ninths (4/9ths) shares outstanding of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, respectively, representing 53.1%, 22.5% and 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal, respectively. As of that date, approximately 1.8%, 95.1% and 0% of the outstanding shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, respectively, were held by Discovery’s directors and executive officers, or, approximately 21.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal.

 

Q: How many votes do Scripps shareholders have?

 

A: Each holder of Scripps shares is entitled to one vote for each Scripps Class A share or Scripps common share held on the Scripps record date.

 

Q: What if I hold shares in both Discovery and Scripps?

 

A: If you are both a Discovery stockholder and a Scripps shareholder, you will receive separate packages of proxy materials from each company. A vote as a Discovery stockholder for the approval of the stock issuance proposal will not constitute a vote as a Scripps shareholder to approve the merger proposal, or vice versa. Therefore, please sign, date, mark and return all proxy cards and/or voting instructions that you receive from Discovery or Scripps, or submit them over the Internet or by telephone.

 

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Q: Are any Discovery stockholders already committed to vote in favor of any of the stock issuance proposal to be considered and voted on at the Discovery special meeting?

 

A: Yes. John C. Malone, whom we refer to as “Mr. Malone”, has entered into a voting agreement with Discovery and Scripps, which we refer to as the “Malone voting agreement”, in which Mr. Malone has agreed to vote his shares of Discovery Series B common stock to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement. These shares represent approximately 93.6% of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series B common stock and approximately 21.2% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date. The Malone voting agreement is attached to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as Annex B and is incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

Advance/Newhouse Programming Partnership, which we refer to as “Advance/Newhouse”, has entered into a voting agreement with Discovery and Scripps, which we refer to as the “Advance/Newhouse voting agreement”, in which Advance/Newhouse has agreed to vote its shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement. These shares represent all of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and approximately 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date. The Advance/Newhouse voting agreement is attached to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as Annex C and is incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

 

Q: Are any Scripps shareholders already committed to vote in favor of any of the proposals to be considered and voted on at the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: Yes. Approval of the merger proposal requires (i) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class.

Certain members of the Scripps family, which we refer to as the “members of the Scripps family”, have entered into a voting agreement with Discovery, which we refer to as the “Scripps voting agreement”, in which the members of the Scripps family have agreed to vote their Scripps common shares to approve the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement.

Holders of Scripps Class A shares generally have no voting power, but have the right to vote pursuant to the ORC, both as a class and on an aggregate basis with holders of Scripps common shares, on the merger proposal at the Scripps special meeting. The shares subject to the Scripps voting agreement represent approximately 83.1% of the issued and outstanding Scripps common shares and approximately 21.6% of the aggregate voting power of the Scripps shares entitled to vote on the merger proposal voting together as a single class at the Scripps special meeting, including shares held by two Scripps directors, Mary M. Peirce and Wesley Scripps. The Scripps voting agreement may be terminated under certain circumstances, including in the event that the Scripps board makes a change of recommendation with respect to the approval of the merger proposal. The Scripps voting agreement is attached to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as Annex D and is incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

 

Q: What if my bank, brokerage firm or other nominee holds my shares in “street name”?

 

A:

If you hold your shares in “street name” through a broker, bank or other nominee, you should have received access to this proxy material from your bank, broker or other holder of record with instructions on how to instruct the holder of record to vote your shares. If you do not submit voting instructions to your broker, your broker may generally vote your shares in its discretion on matters designated as routine under the rules of NASDAQ. However, a broker cannot vote shares held in “street name” on matters designated as “non-

 

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  routine” by NASDAQ, unless the broker receives voting instructions from the “street name” holder. It is expected that all proposals to be voted on at the Discovery special meeting and the Scripps special meeting are “non-routine” matters. Broker non-votes occur when a broker, bank or nominee is not instructed by the beneficial owner of shares to vote on a particular proposal for which the broker does not have discretionary voting power.

If you are a “street name” holder of shares of Discovery voting stock and you do not instruct your broker, bank or other nominee on how to vote your shares, your broker, bank or other nominee may not vote your shares on the stock issuance proposal, which broker non-votes will have no effect on such proposal.

If you are a “street name” holder of Scripps shares and you do not instruct your broker, bank or other nominee on how to vote your shares:

 

    your broker, bank or other nominee may not vote your shares on the merger proposal, which broker non-votes will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” such proposal;

 

    your broker, bank or other nominee may not vote your shares on the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, which broker non-votes, assuming a quorum is present, will have no effect on the vote count for such proposal; and

 

    your broker, bank or other nominee may not vote your shares on the adjournment proposal, which broker non-votes will have no effect on the vote count for such proposal.

 

Q: If I am a Discovery stockholder, how do I vote?

 

A: Via the Internet or Phone

If you are a holder of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date, telephone and Internet voting are available 24 hours a day through 11:59 p.m. (Eastern Time) on November 16, 2017. If you are located in the United States or Canada and are a Discovery stockholder of record as of the Discovery record date, you can vote your Discovery voting stock by calling toll-free 1-800-690-6903. Whether you are a Discovery stockholder of record or a beneficial owner, you can also vote your Discovery voting stock on the Internet at www.proxyvote.com.

Both the telephone and Internet voting systems have easy-to-follow instructions on how you may vote your shares and allow you to confirm that the system has properly recorded your vote. If you are voting your Discovery voting stock by telephone or Internet, you should have on hand when you call or access the website, as applicable, the Notice of Special Meeting, the proxy card or voting instruction card. If you vote by telephone or Internet, you do not need to return your proxy card to us.

By Mail

If you hold shares of Discovery voting stock directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your shares of Discovery voting stock are registered in your name with Computershare Trust Company, N.A., Discovery’s transfer agent), you will need to sign, date and mark your proxy card and return it using the postage-paid return envelope provided. We must receive your proxy card no later than the close of business on November 16, 2017.

If you hold shares of Discovery voting stock in “street name,” meaning through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, to vote by mail, you will need to sign, date and mark the voting instruction form provided by your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record with these materials and return it in the postage-paid return envelope provided. Your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record must receive your voting instruction form in sufficient time to vote your shares.

In Person

While we encourage holders of Discovery voting stock to vote by proxy, you also have the option of voting your shares of Discovery voting stock in person at the Discovery special meeting. If your shares of

 

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Discovery voting stock are registered directly in your name with our transfer agent, you are considered the stockholder of record with respect to such shares of Discovery voting stock and you have the right to attend the Discovery special meeting and vote in person, subject to compliance with the procedures described below. If your shares of Discovery voting stock are held in a brokerage account or by a bank or other nominee, you are the beneficial owner of such Discovery voting stock. As such, in order to vote in person, you must obtain and present at the time of admission a properly executed proxy from the stockholder of record (i.e., your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee) giving you the right to vote the shares of Discovery voting stock.

 

Q: If I am a Scripps shareholder, how do I vote?

 

A: Via the Internet or by Telephone

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you may vote via the Internet at www.proxyvote.com or by telephone by calling the toll-free number on the back of your proxy card. Votes submitted via the Internet or by telephone must be received by 11:59 p.m. (Eastern Time) on November 16, 2017.

If you hold Scripps shares in “street name,” meaning through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, you may vote via the Internet or by telephone only if Internet or telephone voting is made available by your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record. Please follow the voting instructions provided by your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record with these materials.

By Mail

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you will need to sign, date and mark your proxy card and return it using the postage-paid return envelope provided. Your proxy card must be received no later than the close of business on November 16, 2017.

If you hold Scripps shares in “street name,” meaning through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, to vote by mail, you will need to sign, date and mark the voting instruction form provided by your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record with these materials and return it in the postage-paid return envelope provided. Your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record must receive your voting instruction form in sufficient time to vote your shares.

In Person

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you may vote in person at the Scripps special meeting. Shareholders of record also may be represented by another person at the Scripps special meeting by executing a proper proxy designating that person and having that proper proxy be presented to the inspector of election with the applicable ballot at the Scripps special meeting.

If you hold Scripps shares in “street name,” meaning through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, you must obtain a legal proxy from that institution and present it to the inspector of elections with your ballot to be able to vote in person at the Scripps special meeting. To request a legal proxy, please contact your bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record.

Please carefully consider the information contained in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and, whether or not you plan to attend the Scripps special meeting, vote via the Internet, by telephone or by mail so that your shares will be voted in accordance with your wishes even if you later decide not to attend the Scripps special meeting. 

 

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We encourage you to register your vote via the Internet or by telephone. If you attend the Scripps special meeting, you may also submit your vote in person, in which case any votes that you previously submitted—whether via the Internet, by telephone or by mail—will be superseded by the vote that you cast at the Scripps special meeting. To vote in person at the Scripps special meeting, beneficial owners who hold shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record will need to contact the bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to obtain a legal proxy to bring to the meeting. Whether your proxy is submitted via the Internet, by telephone or by mail, if it is properly completed and submitted, and if you do not revoke it prior to or at the Scripps special meeting, your shares will be voted at the Scripps special meeting in the manner set forth in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or as otherwise specified by you. Again, you may vote via the Internet or by telephone until 11:59 p.m. (Eastern Time) on November 16, 2017, or Scripps’ agent must receive your paper proxy card by mail no later than the close of business on November 16, 2017.

 

Q: What do I do if I receive more than one set of voting materials?

 

A: You may receive more than one set of voting materials, including multiple copies of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and multiple proxy cards or voting instruction cards. For example, if you hold your shares in more than one brokerage account, you will receive a separate instruction card for each brokerage account in which you hold shares. If you are a holder of record and your shares are held in more than one name, you will receive more than one proxy card. In addition, if you are a holder of record of shares of both Discovery voting stock and Scripps shares, you will receive one or more separate proxy cards or voting instruction cards for each company. Please complete, sign, date and return each proxy card and voting instructions you receive, or submit each proxy or voting instruction by telephone or Internet by following the instructions on your proxy cards or the voting instruction.

 

Q: What if I fail to vote or abstain?

 

A: For purposes of each of the Discovery special meeting and the Scripps special meeting, an abstention occurs when a holder of shares of Discovery voting stock and Scripps shares attends the applicable special meeting in person and does not vote or returns a proxy with an “abstain” vote.

Discovery

Stock Issuance Proposal: If you submit a proxy card on which you indicate that you abstain from voting, your abstention will count as a vote “AGAINST” the stock issuance proposal. Broker non-votes (where a broker or nominee does not exercise discretionary authority to vote on a proposal) are not considered shares entitled to vote and therefore will have no effect on the stock issuance proposal.

Scripps

Merger Proposal: An abstention, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the merger proposal.

“Golden Parachute” Compensation Proposal: An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, assuming a quorum is present, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

Adjournment Proposal: An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name”

 

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through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the adjournment proposal.

 

Q: What will happen if I sign and return my proxy or voting instruction card without indicating how to vote?

 

A: If you sign and return your proxy or voting instruction card without indicating how to vote on any particular proposal, the Discovery voting stock represented by your proxy will be voted as recommended by the Discovery board with respect to that proposal, or the Scripps shares represented by your proxy will be voted as recommended by the Scripps board with respect to that proposal.

 

Q: How will I receive the merger consideration to which I am entitled?

 

A: The form of election will be made available to holders of Scripps shares on the same day as this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. The form of election enables holders of Scripps shares to choose to make a stock election, a cash election or choose the default mixed consideration with respect to each of their Scripps shares eligible to receive the merger consideration. Scripps shareholders have until 5:00 p.m. New York City time, on the later of (i) the date of the Scripps special meeting and (ii) the date that is two business days prior to the completion of the merger, which we refer to as the “election deadline”, to make their election and return their completed election forms, along with any stock certificates held, to the exchange agent. If you are the record holder of your Scripps shares, after receiving the proper documentation from you and determining the proper allocations of cash and stock consideration to be paid or issued to Scripps shareholders, the exchange agent will issue payment to you for the cash to which you are entitled, less all applicable tax withholdings and, for any Discovery Series C common stock to which you are entitled, the exchange agent will provide you with a Computershare account number, credit your account with the appropriate number of book-entry shares and mail you a Direct Registration Statement, in each case, shortly after closing. If your Scripps shares are held in street name by your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you will receive instructions from your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee as to how to submit a form of election and how to effect the surrender of your street name Scripps shares in order to receive the applicable consideration for such shares. Please contact your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee for information on how you will receive the merger consideration.

With respect to Scripps shares that are held in certificated form, the delivery of the stock certificates, together with the properly completed form of election, shall be effected only upon delivery to the exchange agent of the physical certificates representing the Scripps shares to which such form of election relates, duly endorsed in blank or otherwise in form acceptable for transfer on the books of Scripps. With respect to Scripps shares that are held in “book-entry” form, the holder should follow the instructions in the form of election in order to make an election.

If you hold physical stock certificates of Scripps shares, other than Scripps shares owned by Discovery or Merger Sub or Scripps shares for which holders have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for dissenters’ rights pursuant to Ohio law, and you do not make an election to receive the cash consideration, stock consideration or mixed consideration by delivering to the exchange agent by the election deadline a properly completed form of election, you will be sent a letter of transmittal shortly after the completion of the merger, describing how you may exchange your Scripps shares for the merger consideration, and the exchange agent will forward to you the cash and the Discovery Series C common stock in book entry form (or applicable evidence of ownership) to which you are entitled, including cash in lieu of fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock, if any, with a record date and payment date after the completion of the merger, after receiving the proper documentation from you. If you hold your Scripps shares in book entry form, you are not required to take any specific actions to exchange your Scripps shares, and after the completion of the transaction, such shares will be automatically exchanged for the merger consideration,

 

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and cash in lieu of fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock, if any, with a record date and payment date after the completion of the merger.

See “Transaction Summary—Procedures for Election”.

 

Q: What happens if I sell my shares of Discovery voting stock after the Discovery record date but before the Discovery special meeting?

 

A: The Discovery record date (the close of business on October 19, 2017) is earlier than the date of the Discovery special meeting and earlier than the date that the merger is expected to be completed. If you sell or otherwise transfer your shares of Discovery voting stock after the Discovery record date but before the date of the Discovery special meeting, you will retain your right to vote at the Discovery special meeting.

 

Q: What happens if I sell my Scripps shares after the Scripps record date but before the Scripps special meeting?

 

A: The Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017) is earlier than the date of the Scripps special meeting and earlier than the date that the merger is expected to be completed. If you sell or otherwise transfer your Scripps shares after the Scripps record date but before the date of the Scripps special meeting, you will retain your right to vote at the Scripps special meeting. However, you will not have the right to receive the merger consideration to be received by Scripps shareholders in the merger. In order to receive the merger consideration, you must hold your shares through completion of the merger.

 

Q: May I change my vote after I have delivered my proxy or voting instruction card?

 

A: Yes. Any stockholder or shareholder giving a proxy has the power to revoke it at any time before it is exercised.

If you are a Discovery stockholder, you may change or revoke your vote on the stock issuance proposal by telephone or over the Internet (if you originally voted by telephone or over the Internet), by voting in person at the Discovery special meeting (if you are entitled to do so) or by delivering a signed proxy revocation or a new signed proxy with a later date to: Discovery Communications, Inc., c/o Broadridge, 51 Mercedes Way, Edgewood, NY 11717. Any signed proxy revocation or new signed proxy must be received before the start of the Discovery special meeting.

If you are a Scripps shareholder, you may change or revoke your vote on the proposals by telephone or over the Internet (if you originally voted by telephone or over the Internet), by voting in person at the Scripps special meeting (if you are entitled to do so) or by delivering a new signed proxy with a later date, or by giving notice of revocation in writing or by another verifiable communication, to Eleni Stratigeas, Scripps’ Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary, at (865) 560-3326 or estratigeas@scrippsnetworks.com or by giving written notice of revocation in open meeting. Any written revocation or revocation by another verifiable communication or new signed proxy must be received or any revocation in open meeting must be made, before a vote is taken on a matter, but the revocation or new proxy will not affect any vote previously taken.

Attendance at the Discovery special meeting or Scripps special meeting, as applicable, alone will not revoke any proxy. If not revoked, the proxy will be voted at the Discovery special meeting or Scripps special meeting, as applicable, in accordance with your instructions.

If your shares are held in an account at a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee and you have delivered your voting instruction card to your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you should contact your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee to change your vote.

 

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Q: May I transfer my Scripps shares once I have made an election?

 

A: No. If an election has been made for any of your Scripps shares, and such election has not been properly revoked, such shares may not be transferred.

 

Q: If I hold physical share certificates of Scripps shares, should I send in my share certificates now?

 

A: If you hold physical stock certificates of Scripps shares, please deliver to the exchange agent by the election deadline a properly completed form of election, including the stock certificate representing your Scripps shares. The form of election will be made available to holders of Scripps shares on the same day as this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. See “Transaction Summary—Procedures for Election”.

 

Q: How do I obtain the voting results from the special meeting?

 

A: Preliminary voting results will be announced at the Discovery special meeting and Scripps special meeting. In addition, within four business days following certification of the final voting results, each of Discovery and Scripps intends to file the final voting results of its special meeting with the SEC on Form 8-K.

 

Q: Whom should I contact if I have any questions about these materials or voting?

 

A: If you have any questions about the proxy materials or if you need assistance submitting your proxy or voting instructions or voting your shares or need additional copies of this document or the enclosed proxy card, you should contact the information agent or proxy solicitation agent for the company in which you hold shares as set forth below:

Discovery Stockholders

Georgeson LLC

1290 Avenue of Americas

9th Floor

New York, NY 10104

Stockholders, Banks and Brokerage Firms Call Toll Free: (866) 413-5899

Scripps Shareholders

MacKenzie Partners, Inc.

105 Madison Avenue

New York, NY 10016

Telephone Toll-Free: (800) 322-2885

Telephone Call Collect: (212) 929-5500

If your shares are held “street name,” through a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you should contact such bank, brokerage firm or other nominee if you need to obtain voting instruction cards or have questions on how to vote your shares.

 

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SUMMARY

This summary highlights selected information contained elsewhere in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and may not contain all the information that may be important to you. Accordingly, we encourage you to read this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus carefully and in its entirety, including the annexes hereto, and the documents incorporated by reference herein, and the registration statement to which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus relates, including the exhibits thereto. The page references have been included in this summary to direct you to a more complete description of the topics presented below. See also “Where You Can Find More Information”.

Parties to the Transaction (Page 55)

Discovery Communications, Inc.

Discovery was formed on September 17, 2008 as a Delaware corporation in connection with Discovery Holding Company, which we refer to as “DHC”, and Advance/Newhouse combining their respective ownership interests in Discovery Communications Holding, LLC, which we refer to as “DCH”, and exchanging those interests with and into Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery formation”. As a result of the Discovery formation, DHC and DCH became wholly-owned subsidiaries of Discovery, with Discovery becoming the successor reporting entity to DHC.

Discovery is a global media company that provides content across multiple distribution platforms, including linear platforms such as pay-television, which we refer to as “pay-TV”, free-to-air, which we refer to as “FTA” and broadcast television, and various digital distribution platforms around the world. Discovery also enters into content licensing agreements. Discovery provides original and purchased content and live events to more than 2.8 billion cumulative viewers worldwide through networks that Discovery wholly or partially owns. Discovery distributes customized content in the U.S. and over 220 other countries and territories in over 40 languages. Discovery’s global portfolio of networks includes prominent nonfiction television brands such as Discovery Channel, its most widely distributed global brand, TLC, Investigation Discovery, Animal Planet, Science and Velocity (known as Turbo outside of the U.S.). Discovery’s portfolio also includes Eurosport, which it acquired in 2014 and is a leading sports entertainment provider across Europe, as well as Discovery Kids, a leading children’s entertainment brand in Latin America. Discovery also operates a portfolio of websites, digital direct-to-consumer products, production studios and curriculum-based education products and services.

Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series C common stock are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbols “DISCA”, “DISCB” and “DISCK”, respectively.

Discovery’s principal executive office is located at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 (telephone number: (240) 662-2000).

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Discovery from other documents that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. For a list of the documents that are incorporated by reference, see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference”.

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

Scripps is a leading developer of engaging lifestyle content in the home, food and travel categories for television, the internet and emerging platforms. Scripps’ U.S. lifestyle portfolio comprises popular television and internet brands HGTV, DIY Network, Food Network, Cooking Channel, Travel Channel and Great American Country.

 



 

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The international operations of Scripps include TVN, Poland’s premier multi-platform company; UKTV, an independent commercial joint venture with BBC Worldwide; Asian Food Channel, the first pan-regional TV food network in Asia; and lifestyle channel Fine Living Network. Scripps’ global networks and websites reach millions of consumers across North and South America, Asia, Europe, Australia, the Middle East and Africa.

Scripps is focused on strengthening its networks and expanding its reach, including in both the digital arena and international market. As part of its effort to expand in the digital arena, Scripps launched Scripps Lifestyle Studios in the fourth quarter of 2015.

Scripps was incorporated as an Ohio corporation on October 23, 2007, and Scripps and its predecessors have been in the cable programming business for over 23 years in various legal forms. The principal trading market for Scripps Class A shares (NASDAQ: SNI) is the NASDAQ.

Scripps is headquartered in Knoxville, Tennessee. Scripps’ principal executive offices are located at 9721 Sherrill Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37932; its telephone number is (865) 694-2700; and its website is www.scrippsnetworksinteractive.com.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Scripps from other documents that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. For a list of the documents that are incorporated by reference, see “Where You Can Find More Information”.

Skylight Merger Sub, Inc.

Merger Sub was formed solely for the purpose of consummating the merger. Merger Sub has not carried on any activities to date, except for activities incidental to its formation and activities undertaken in connection with the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

Merger Sub’s principal executive office is located at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 (telephone number: (240) 662-2000).

The Merger (Page 56)

Discovery, Merger Sub and Scripps have entered into the merger agreement. Subject to the terms and conditions of the merger agreement and in accordance with applicable law, Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery. Upon completion of the merger, Scripps Class A shares will be delisted from the NASDAQ and deregistered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer as the “Exchange Act”.

A copy of the merger agreement is attached as Annex A to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. You should read the merger agreement carefully because it is the legal document that governs the merger.

What Scripps Shareholders Will Receive in the Merger

Upon the completion of the merger, each outstanding Scripps share will be converted into the right to receive the cash consideration, stock consideration or mixed consideration. The base exchange ratio for determining the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that Scripps shareholders will receive in the merger is subject to a collar based on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. Holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, and 0.9408 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than $28.70. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70, holders

 



 

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of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock between 1.2096 and 0.9408 equal to $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51, Discovery has the option to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares. Accordingly, the actual number of shares and the value of Discovery Series C common stock delivered to Scripps shareholders after the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The market value of the Discovery Series C common stock that Scripps shareholders will be entitled to receive upon the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the completion of the merger and could vary significantly from the market value on July 31, 2017, the date of the announcement of the merger agreement, on the date that this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus was first mailed to Scripps shareholders or on the date of the Discovery special meeting and Scripps special meeting. The value of the Discovery Series C common stock delivered upon completion of the merger for each such Scripps share may be greater than, less than or equal to $27.00. In addition, the market value of the Discovery Series C common stock will fluctuate after the completion of the merger. Fluctuations in the share price of the Discovery Series C common stock could result from changes in the business, operations or prospects of Discovery or Scripps prior to the completion of the merger or Discovery following the completion of the merger, regulatory considerations, general market and economic conditions and other factors both within and beyond the control of Discovery or Scripps. The Discovery Series C common stock have no voting rights except as required under the DGCL.

Treatment of Scripps Equity Awards in the Merger

The Scripps equity plans generally provide, upon a change in control, such as the merger, for full acceleration and vesting of outstanding awards and continuation or conversion into acquirer awards or, in the alternative, the compensation committee may cancel the awards in exchange for a cash payment based on the fair market value of shares subject to the award. To provide holders of outstanding awards with substantially the same proportion of cash and equity-based considerations as shareholders under the merger agreement, generally, 70% of each award will be settled in cash and 30% will be converted into awards that are settled in Discovery Series C common stock. At the completion of the merger, each option to purchase Scripps Class A shares (whether or not exercisable or vested) held by a then-current employee of Scripps that is outstanding immediately prior to completion of the merger will be converted into the right to receive a cash payment and a fully vested option to purchase shares of Discovery Series C common stock. Each restricted stock unit and performance-based restricted stock unit will be converted into a right to receive both a cash payment and Discovery Series C common stock based on the number of shares subject to the award for restricted stock awards, or the number of shares subject to the award at target levels of achievement for performance-based awards. In the case of converted options, the aggregate option exercise price of each Scripps option will be divided by an exchange ratio to determine the exercise price of each new Discovery option. Such converted options will otherwise be subject to the same terms and conditions (other than vesting) as were applicable immediately prior to completion of the merger.

Information About the Discovery Special Meeting (Page 42)

Meeting

The Discovery special meeting is scheduled to be held at Discovery’s offices located at 850 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022, on November 17, 2017 at 10:00 A.M. New York time.

At the Discovery special meeting, Discovery stockholders will be asked to consider and vote on the stock issuance proposal.

Pursuant to the voting agreements, (i) Mr. Malone, who holds approximately 93.6% of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series B common stock and approximately 21.2% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date and (ii) Advance/Newhouse, which holds

 



 

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all of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and approximately 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date, have agreed to vote their shares of Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, respectively, in favor of the stock issuance proposal. For additional information regarding the voting agreement, see “Other Agreements Related to the Merger—Voting Agreements”.

Record Date

The Discovery board has fixed the close of business on October 19, 2017 as the record date for the Discovery special meeting. Only holders of record of shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date will be entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the Discovery special meeting or any adjournment or postponement thereof. As of the Discovery record date, there were a total of 154,002,569, 6,512,379 and 7,852,582 and four-ninths (4/9ths) shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock outstanding, respectively.

As of the Discovery record date, approximately 1.8%, 95.1% and 0% of the outstanding shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, respectively, were held by Discovery directors and executive officers and their affiliates, or, approximately 21.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal. We currently expect that Discovery’s directors and executive officers will vote their shares of Discovery voting stock in favor of the stock issuance proposal, although only Mr. Malone has entered into an agreement obligating him to do so.

Quorum

The presence, in person or by properly executed proxy, of the holders of a majority in voting power of the Discovery voting stock, with the Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock voting on an as-converted to common stock basis, voting together as a single class, will constitute a quorum for the combined class vote on the stock issuance proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes (where a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee does not exercise discretionary authority to vote on a proposal) will not be treated as present for purposes of determining the presence of a quorum. If a quorum is not present, the Discovery special meeting will be adjourned until a quorum is obtained.

Required Vote

Approval of the stock issuance proposal requires the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the combined voting power of the outstanding Discovery voting stock, voting together as a single class, present in person or represented by proxy at the Discovery special meeting and entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal. If you are a beneficial owner of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote and fail to vote or fail to instruct your bank, brokerage firm or nominee to vote, it will have no effect on the stock issuance proposal, assuming a quorum is present. If you are a Discovery stockholder and you sign, date, and return your proxy or voting instructions to abstain, it will have the effect of voting “AGAINST” the stock issuance proposal.

Information About the Scripps Special Meeting (Page 47)

Meeting

The Scripps special meeting will be held on November 17, 2017, at the offices of Baker, Donelson, Bearman, Caldwell & Berkowitz, P.C., located at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, TN 37919, at 10:00 A.M., New York time. At the Scripps special meeting, Scripps shareholders will be asked to consider and vote on the following proposals:

 

    to approve the merger proposal, pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery;

 



 

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    to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal; and

 

    to consider and vote on the adjournment proposal.

Record Date

The Scripps board has fixed the close of business on October 3, 2017, as the record date for determination of the shareholders entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting. Only Scripps shareholders of record at the record date are entitled to receive notice of, and to vote at, the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting. As of the Scripps record date, there were 96,049,523 Scripps Class A shares and 33,850,481 Scripps common shares outstanding. Each holder of Scripps shares is entitled to one vote for each Scripps Class A share or Scripps common share owned at the Scripps record date.

Quorum

The presence at the Scripps special meeting, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast for each proposal at the Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017) will constitute a quorum for such proposal. Abstentions will be deemed present at the Scripps special meeting for the purpose of determining the presence of a quorum. Scripps shares held in “street name” with respect to which the beneficial owner fails to give voting instructions to the bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record will not be deemed present at the Scripps special meeting for the purpose of determining the presence of a quorum. There must be a quorum for business to be conducted at the Scripps special meeting. Failure of a quorum to be represented at the Scripps special meeting will necessitate an adjournment or postponement and will subject Scripps to additional expense.

Required Vote

To approve the merger proposal, (i) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class, is required. Scripps cannot complete the merger unless its shareholders approve the merger proposal. Because adoption requires the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares, a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares and a majority of the outstanding Scripps shares, voting as a class, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the merger proposal.

To approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required. An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, assuming a quorum is present, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the outcome of any vote to approve the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

To approve the adjournment proposal, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required. An abstention is not considered a vote cast.

 



 

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Accordingly, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the adjournment proposal.

Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation (Page 69)

On July 29, 2017, after careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Discovery’s management and advisors, all members of the board of directors of Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery board”, in attendance at the meeting, except for one director who abstained, approved the merger agreement. Director Paul Gould abstained due to his employment relationship with Allen & Company LLC, one of Scripps’ financial advisors in connection with the merger. See “Transaction Summary—Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”. Moreover, the members of the Discovery board in attendance at the meeting, with Mr. Gould abstaining, unanimously determined that the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby are advisable, fair to and in the best interests of Discovery and its stockholders and further resolved that it is recommended to the Discovery stockholders that they vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal in connection with the merger. For the factors considered by the Discovery board in reaching this decision, see “Transaction Summary—Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Discovery Board”.

Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation (Page 73)

After careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Scripps’ management and advisors, the Scripps board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are fair to and in the best interests of Scripps’ shareholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement. The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal. For the factors considered by the Scripps board in reaching this decision, see “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal I: Approval of the Merger Proposal”.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal II: Advisory Vote on the “Golden Parachute” Compensation Proposal”.

In addition, the Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the adjournment proposal if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting or if a quorum is not present at the Scripps special meeting. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal III: Scripps Special Meeting Adjournment Proposal”.

Opinions of Discovery’s Financial Advisors (Page 81)

Opinion of Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC (Page 81)

In connection with the merger, Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, which we refer to as “Goldman Sachs”, acting as Discovery’s financial advisor, delivered its opinion to the Discovery board, subsequently confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated as of July 30, 2017, to the effect that, as of such date and based upon and subject to the factors and assumptions set forth therein, the aggregate consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Scripps shares pursuant to the merger agreement was fair from a financial point of view to Discovery.

The full text of the written opinion of Goldman Sachs, dated July 30, 2017, which sets forth assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and limitations on the review undertaken in

 



 

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connection with the opinion, is attached as Annex E to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety. Goldman Sachs provided its opinion for the information and assistance of the Discovery board in connection with its consideration of the merger. The Goldman Sachs opinion is not a recommendation as to how any holder of Discovery voting stock or other Discovery securities should vote with respect to the merger or any other matter.

Opinion of Guggenheim Securities, LLC (Page 89)

The Discovery board retained Guggenheim Securities, LLC, which we refer to as “Guggenheim Securities”, as its financial advisor in connection with Discovery’s potential acquisition of or merger with Scripps. On July 29, 2017, Guggenheim Securities rendered an oral opinion to the Discovery board, subsequently confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated as of July 30, 2017, to the effect that, as of such date and based on and subject to the matters considered, the procedures followed, the assumptions made and various limitations of and qualifications to the review undertaken, the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery was fair, from a financial point of view, to Discovery. The full text of Guggenheim Securities’ written opinion, which is attached as Annex F to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and which you should read carefully and in its entirety, is subject to the assumptions, limitations, qualifications and other conditions contained in such opinion and is necessarily based on economic, capital markets and other conditions, and the information made available to Guggenheim Securities, as of the date of such opinion.

Guggenheim Securities’ opinion was provided to the Discovery board (in its capacity as such) for its information and assistance in connection with its evaluation of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery. Guggenheim Securities’ opinion and any materials provided in connection therewith did not constitute a recommendation to the Discovery board with respect to the merger, nor does Guggenheim Securities’ opinion constitute advice or a recommendation to any holder of Discovery securities or any of Scripps’ shareholders as how to vote or act in connection with the merger or otherwise or what form of merger consideration any holder of Scripps shares should elect to receive pursuant to the cash/stock election mechanism described in the merger agreement (as to which Guggenheim Securities expressed no view or opinion).

For a description of the opinion that the Discovery board received from Guggenheim Securities, see “Transaction Summary—Opinion of Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Financial Advisor to Discovery”.

Opinions of Scripps’ Financial Advisors (Page 103)

Opinion of Allen & Company LLC (Page 103)

Scripps has engaged Allen & Company LLC, which we refer to as “Allen & Company”, as a financial advisor in connection with the merger. In connection with the merger, Allen & Company delivered a written opinion, dated July 29, 2017, to the Scripps board as to the fairness, from a financial point of view and as of the date of the opinion, of the merger consideration to be received by holders of Scripps Class A shares pursuant to the merger agreement. The full text of Allen & Company’s written opinion, dated July 29, 2017, which describes the assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and qualifications and limitations on the review undertaken, is attached as Annex G to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and is incorporated herein by reference. The description of Allen & Company’s opinion set forth in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of Allen & Company’s opinion. Allen & Company’s opinion was intended for the benefit and use of the Scripps board (in its capacity as such) in connection with its evaluation of the merger consideration from a financial point of view and did not address any other terms, aspects or implications of the merger. Allen & Company’s opinion did not constitute a recommendation as to the course of action that Scripps (or the Scripps board) should pursue in connection with the merger or otherwise address the merits of the underlying decision by Scripps to engage in the merger, including in

 



 

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comparison to other strategies or transactions that might be available to Scripps or which Scripps might engage in or consider. Allen & Company’s opinion does not constitute advice or a recommendation to any shareholder as to any election made by such shareholder or how such shareholder should vote or act on any matter relating to the merger or otherwise.

Opinion of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (Page 106)

Scripps also has engaged J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, which we refer to as “J.P. Morgan” and, together with Allen & Company, the “Scripps financial advisors”, as a financial advisor in connection with the merger. In connection with the merger, J.P. Morgan delivered a written opinion, dated July 29, 2017, to the Scripps board as to the fairness, from a financial point of view and as of such date, of the consideration to be paid to the holders of Scripps Class A shares in the merger. The full text of J.P. Morgan’s written opinion, dated July 29, 2017, which sets forth the assumptions made, matters considered and limits on the review undertaken, is attached as Annex H to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and is incorporated herein by reference. The summary of the opinion of J.P. Morgan set forth in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of such opinion. J.P. Morgan’s written opinion was addressed to the Scripps board (in its capacity as such) in connection with and for the purposes of its evaluation of the merger, was directed only to the consideration to be paid in the merger and did not address any other terms, aspects or implications of the merger. J.P. Morgan expressed no opinion as to the underlying decision by Scripps to engage in the merger. J.P. Morgan’s opinion does not constitute a recommendation to any shareholder of Scripps as to how such shareholder should vote with respect to the merger or any other matter.

Key Terms of the Merger Agreement (Page 147)

Conditions to the Completion of the Merger (Page 167)

Each party’s obligation to consummate the transaction is subject to the satisfaction or waiver, to the extent applicable, at or prior to the completion of the merger, of the following conditions:

 

    the approval of the merger proposal by the Scripps shareholders and the approval of the stock issuance proposal by the Discovery stockholders;

 

    any applicable waiting period under the HSR Act must have expired or been terminated;

 

    any required approvals, consents or clearances have been obtained relating to the merger under Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 of the European Union Merger Regulation, Competition (Jersey) Law 2005, the media rules contained in the Austrian Cartel Act 2005 and the media rules contained in the Irish Competition Acts 2002 to 2014;

 

    no domestic, foreign or transnational governmental entity of competent jurisdiction shall have enacted, issued, promulgated, enforced or entered any law or order (whether temporary, preliminary or permanent) that is in effect and restrains, enjoins or otherwise prohibits the completion of the merger;

 

    the shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be issued in the merger must have been approved for listing on the NASDAQ upon official notice of issuance; and

 

    the effectiveness of, and absence of an initiated or threatened stop order with respect to, the registration statement on Form S-4 filed by Discovery in respect of the shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be issued in the merger, of which this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus forms a part.

The obligations of Discovery and Merger Sub to effect the transaction also are subject to the satisfaction or waiver by Discovery and Merger Sub, at or prior to the completion of the merger, of the following additional conditions:

 

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    the performance, in all material respects, by Scripps of its obligations under the merger agreement at or prior to the completion of the merger;

 

    no Company Material Adverse Effect, as defined in the merger agreement, having occurred since the date of the merger agreement;

 

    the delivery by Scripps to Discovery of an officer’s certificate stating that the conditions set forth above have been satisfied; and

 

    the delivery by Scripps to Discovery of a certificate to the effect that the Scripps shares are not a “U.S. real property interest” within the meaning of Section 897 of the Internal Revenue Code.

Scripps’ obligation to effect the transaction is also subject to the satisfaction or waiver by Scripps, at or prior to the completion of the merger, of the following additional conditions:

 

    the accuracy of the representations and warranties of each of Discovery and Merger Sub to the extent required under the merger agreement;

 

    the performance, in all material respects, by each of Discovery and Merger Sub of their obligations under the merger agreement at or prior to the completion of the merger;

 

    no Parent Material Adverse Effect, as defined in the merger agreement, having occurred since the date of the merger agreement; and

 

    the delivery by Discovery to Scripps of an officer’s certificate stating that the conditions set forth above have been satisfied.

Termination of the Merger Agreement (Page 168)

The merger agreement may be terminated and the transaction may be abandoned at any time prior to the completion of the merger:

 

    by mutual written consent of Discovery and Scripps;

 

    by either Discovery or Scripps if:

 

    the transaction has not been completed by July 30, 2018, which we refer to as the “termination date”;

 

    the Scripps shareholder approval is not obtained at a meeting duly convened therefor or at any adjournment or postponement thereof at which a vote upon the merger proposal was taken, which we refer to as a “Scripps shareholder approval termination event”;

 

    the Discovery stockholder approval is not obtained at a meeting duly convened therefor or at any adjournment or postponement thereof at which a vote upon the approval of the issuance of the Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger was taken, which we refer to as a “Discovery stockholder approval termination event”; or

 

    any law or order permanently restrains, enjoins or otherwise prohibits the completion of the merger, and such law or order has become final and non-appealable;

provided in each case that the party terminating the merger agreement has not breached in any material respect its obligations under the merger agreement in any manner that has been the primary cause of the failure of the transaction to be completed;

 

    by Scripps if:

 

   

the Discovery board effects a change in recommendation, which we refer to as a “Scripps adverse recommendation change termination event” or if Discovery materially breaches or fails to perform

 



 

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its obligations described under “The Merger Agreement – Restrictions on Discovery’s Solicitation of Acquisition Proposals”;

 

    whether before or after the Scripps shareholder approval is obtained, Discovery breaches any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements in the merger agreement, or any of its representations or warranties shall have become untrue after the date of the merger agreement, such that the related conditions to the obligation of Scripps to close the transaction would not be satisfied and such breach is not curable or, if curable, is not cured by the earlier of the 30th day following notice to Discovery from Scripps of such breach or failure and the date that is three business days prior to the termination date, provided that Scripps is not then in material breach of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements under the merger agreement; or

 

    before the Scripps shareholder approval is obtained, (i) if the Scripps board authorizes Scripps to enter into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement with respect to a Scripps superior proposal that did not result from a material breach of the merger agreement, (ii) concurrently with the termination of the merger agreement, Scripps enters into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement providing for a Scripps superior proposal that did not result from a material breach of the merger agreement and (iii) prior to or concurrently with such termination Scripps pays Discovery the termination fee, which we refer to as a “Scripps superior proposal termination event”;

 

    by Discovery if:

 

    the Scripps board effects a change in recommendation, which we refer to as a “Discovery adverse recommendation change termination event” or if Scripps materially breaches or fails to perform its obligations described under “The Merger Agreement—Restriction on Scripps’ Solicitation of Acquisition Proposals”; or

 

    whether before or after the Discovery stockholder approval is obtained, Scripps breaches any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements in the merger agreement, or any of its representations or warranties shall have become untrue after the date of the merger agreement, such that the related conditions to the obligation of Discovery and Merger Sub to close the transaction would not be satisfied and such breach is not curable or, if curable, is not cured by the earlier of the 30th day following notice to Scripps from Discovery of such breach or failure and the date that is three business days prior to the termination date, provided that Discovery is not then in material breach of any of its representations, warranties, covenants or agreements under the merger agreement.

Termination Fee (Page 169)

Scripps will pay Discovery the termination fee if:

 

    Discovery terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Discovery adverse recommendation change termination event;

 

    Scripps terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Scripps superior proposal termination event; or

 

    a tail termination fee event occurs, provided that any expenses previously paid by Scripps to Discovery will be credited against the termination fee.

A tail termination fee event occurs if:

 

   

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person publicly made an acquisition proposal to Scripps or any of its subsidiaries or directly made an acquisition proposal to the Scripps shareholders; or

 

    Discovery or Scripps terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Scripps shareholder approval termination event, and between the date of the merger agreement and such termination, any person publicly made an acquisition proposal to Scripps or any of its subsidiaries or directly made an acquisition proposal to the Scripps shareholders; and

 

    in each of the above circumstances, within 12 months after the date of such termination, Scripps consummates or enters into an agreement contemplating a Scripps acquisition proposal.

In defining “Scripps acquisition proposal” for purposes of the tail termination fee event, all references to “20% or more” in the definition of Scripps acquisition proposal are replaced with references to “50% or more”.

Discovery will pay Scripps the termination fee if Scripps terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Discovery adverse recommendation change termination event.

Under no circumstances will the termination fee be payable more than once.

Reimbursement Expenses (Page 170)

Scripps will pay Discovery the reimbursement expenses if either Discovery or Scripps terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Scripps shareholder approval termination event.

Discovery will pay Scripps the reimbursement expenses if either Discovery or Scripps terminates the merger agreement pursuant to a Discovery stockholder approval termination event.

Under no circumstances will the reimbursement expenses be payable more than once.

Rights of Scripps Shareholders Will Change as a Result of the Merger (Page 204)

Scripps shareholders will have different rights once they become Discovery stockholders due to differences between the organizational documents of Scripps and Discovery and differences between the law of Ohio, where Scripps is incorporated, and the law of Delaware, where Discovery is incorporated. These differences are described in more detail under “Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders.

Other Agreements Related to the Merger (Page 139)

Exchange Agreement

On July 30, 2017, Discovery entered into a Preferred Share Exchange Agreement with Advance/Newhouse, which we refer to as the “exchange agreement”, pursuant to which Discovery agreed to issue a number of shares of newly designated Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and a number of shares of newly designated Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock to Advance/Newhouse in exchange for all of Advance/Newhouse’s shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock and all of Advance/Newhouse’s shares of Discovery Series C preferred stock (we refer to such exchange transaction as the “exchange”). The terms of the exchange agreement provide that, immediately following the exchange, the newly issued Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock are convertible into the aggregate number of shares of Discovery Series A common stock and Discovery Series C common stock into which the Discovery Series A preferred stock and Discovery Series C preferred stock were convertible, such that Advance/Newhouse’s aggregate voting power and economic rights in Discovery immediately before the exchange are equal to their aggregate voting power and economic

 



 

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rights immediately after the exchange. The terms of the exchange agreement also provide that certain of the shares of Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock received by Advance/Newhouse in the exchange (including the Discovery Series C common stock into which such shares are convertible) are subject to transfer restrictions on the terms set forth in the exchange agreement. While subject to transfer restrictions, such shares may be pledged in certain bona fide financing transactions, but may not be pledged in connection with hedging or similar transactions. Discovery also has a right of first offer, subject to certain terms and conditions, for a period of 7.5 years after the completion of the exchange to purchase shares of Series A-1 preferred stock held by Advance/Newhouse and/or certain of its affiliates in the event such persons desire to sell 80% or more of their shares to a third party in a permitted transfer (as defined in the Discovery charter).

On August 7, 2017, upon the terms set forth in the exchange agreement, Discovery and Advance/Newhouse completed the exchange and Discovery issued 7,852,582 and four-ninths (4/9ths) shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and 6,218,592.5 shares of Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock to Advance/Newhouse in exchange for 70,673,242 shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock and 24,874,370 shares of Discovery Series C preferred stock held by Advance/Newhouse.

The terms of the exchange agreement were negotiated, considered and approved by an independent committee of disinterested directors of Discovery, which committee was advised by independent financial advisors and legal counsel.

Voting Agreements

Mr. Malone has entered into the Malone voting agreement, under which Mr. Malone has agreed to vote his shares of Discovery Series B common stock to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement. These shares of Discovery Series B common stock represent approximately 93.6% of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series B common stock and approximately 21.2% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of Discovery record date.

Advance/Newhouse has entered into the Advance/Newhouse voting agreement, under which Advance/Newhouse has agreed to vote its shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock to approve the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement. These shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock represent all of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and approximately 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date.

Certain members of the Scripps family have entered into the Scripps voting agreement, under which such members have agreed to vote their Scripps common shares to approve the merger as contemplated by the merger agreement. These shares represent approximately 83.1% of the issued and outstanding Scripps common shares and approximately 21.6% of the aggregate voting power of the Scripps shares entitled to vote on the merger proposal, voting together as a single class, at the Scripps special meeting, and include shares held by two Scripps directors, Mary M. Peirce and Wesley Scripps. The Scripps voting agreement may be terminated under certain circumstances, including in the event that the Scripps board makes a change of recommendation with respect to the approval of the merger proposal. The Scripps voting agreement is attached to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as Annex D and is incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

Financing of the Transaction (Page 137)

Commitment Letter

In connection with entering into the merger agreement, Discovery and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Discovery Communications, LLC, which we refer to as “DCL”, entered into a commitment letter, which we

 



 

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refer to as the “commitment letter”, dated as of July 30, 2017, with Goldman Sachs Bank USA and Goldman Sachs Lending Partners LLC, which we collectively refer to as “Goldman Sachs Lending Entities”, pursuant to which Goldman Sachs Lending Entities committed to provide up to $9.6 billion under a 364-day senior unsecured bridge facility to finance the merger and certain related transactions and pay fees and expenses in connection therewith. The commitments under the commitment letter were terminated in accordance with the commitment letter following execution by Discovery of a $2.0 billion term loan facility, an amendment to Discovery’s existing revolving credit facility, and as a result of Discovery receiving net cash proceeds from the issuance of the USD Notes and the Sterling Notes (as defined below).

Term Loan Credit Agreement

On August 11, 2017, Discovery and DCL entered into a term loan facility with Goldman Sachs Bank USA, as administrative agent and the other lenders party thereto, which we refer to as the “term loan facility”. The term loan facility provides for total term loan commitments of $1.0 billion in a 3-year tranche and $1.0 billion in a 5-year tranche, for an aggregate principal amount of $2.0 billion. The proceeds of the term loan facility will be used to finance the merger and certain related transactions and pay fees and expenses in connection therewith. As of the date of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, there were no borrowings outstanding under the term loan facility.

Senior Notes

On September 21, 2017, DCL completed public offerings of (i) $400 million aggregate principal amount of Floating Rate Senior Notes due 2019, $500 million aggregate principal amount of 2.200% Senior Notes due 2019, $1,200 million aggregate principal amount of 2.950% Senior Notes due 2023, $1,700 million aggregate principal amount of 3.950% Senior Notes due 2028, $1,250 million aggregate principal amount of 5.000% Senior Notes due 2037 and $1,250 million aggregate principal amount of 5.200% Senior Notes due 2047 (collectively, the “USD Notes”) and (ii) £400 million aggregate principal amount of British pound-sterling denominated 2.500% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “Sterling Notes”). Each series of USD Notes and Sterling Notes was issued by DCL and guaranteed by Discovery.

Regulatory Approvals Required for the Merger (Page 166)

Under the HSR Act, Discovery and Scripps are required to file notifications with the United States Federal Trade Commission, which we refer to as the “FTC”, and the Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice, which we refer to as the “Antitrust Division”, and to observe a mandatory premerger waiting period before completing the merger. A transaction requiring notification under the HSR Act may not be completed until the expiration of a 30-calendar-day waiting period following the parties’ filing of their respective HSR Act notifications or the early termination of that waiting period. If the Antitrust Division or the FTC issues a Request for Additional Information and Documentary Material (a “Second Request”) prior to the expiration of the initial waiting period, the parties must observe a second 30-day waiting period, which would begin to run only after both parties have substantially complied with the Second Request, unless the waiting period is terminated earlier. Notwithstanding any expiration of the waiting period after substantial compliance with a Second Request, the parties could agree with the Antitrust Division or the FTC to not close the transaction prior to a certain date or event. On August 11, 2017, Discovery and Scripps filed premerger notifications with the FTC and the Antitrust Division. On September 7, 2017, Discovery voluntarily withdrew its premerger notification, effective September 11, 2017. Discovery refiled its notification on September 13, 2017. On October 13, 2017, each of Discovery and Scripps received a Second Request from the Antitrust Division in connection with the merger. The issuance of the Second Request has the effect of extending the waiting period under the HSR Act until 30 days after the parties substantially comply with the Second Request, unless the waiting period is extended voluntarily by the parties or terminated earlier by the Antitrust Division. Although Discovery and Scripps believe that the transaction does not raise substantial regulatory concerns and that all remaining regulatory approvals will be obtained on a timely basis, Discovery and Scripps cannot be certain when, if or under what conditions these approvals will be obtained.

 



 

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The merger agreement provides that the merger is also subject to approvals by the EC pursuant to the EC Merger Regulation, as well as by the Jersey Competition Regulatory Authority, referred to as the “JCRA”, pursuant to the Competition (Jersey) Law 2005. The merger cannot be completed until after the applicable waiting periods have expired or the relevant approvals have been obtained under the antitrust and competition laws of the jurisdictions listed above. Further, as Discovery and Scripps both operate in the media and broadcasting sector, completion of the merger is also conditioned upon the receipt of all necessary consents from the Irish Competition and Consumer Protection Commission and the Austrian Federal Competition Authority. Discovery and Scripps are in the process of preparing and submitting the required filings and notifications to satisfy the filing requirements and to obtain the necessary regulatory clearances.

Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger (Page 141)

For U.S. holders (as such term is defined below under “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger”), the receipt of the merger consideration in exchange for Scripps shares pursuant to the merger will be a taxable transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Scripps shareholders should consult their tax advisors regarding the particular tax consequences of the exchange of Scripps shares for the merger consideration pursuant to the merger in light of their particular circumstances (including the application and effect of any state, local or foreign income and other tax laws). For a more detailed discussion of the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the merger to Scripps shareholders, see “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of the Merger”.

Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger (Page 122)

In considering the recommendation of the Discovery board that holders of Discovery voting stock vote to approve the stock issuance proposal, you should be aware that some of Discovery’s directors and executive officers have interests in the merger and the stock issuance that may be different from, or in addition to, the interests of the holders of Discovery voting stock generally. Interests of directors and officers that may be different from or in addition to the interests of holders of Discovery voting stock include, but are not limited to:

 

    Discovery director Mr. Gould is a managing director at Allen & Company, one of Scripps’ financial advisors in connection with the merger. Mr. Gould abstained with respect to the Discovery board vote to approve the merger agreement and the merger and the recommendation of the Discovery board to its stockholders to vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal in connection with the merger. For Allen & Company’s financial advisory services in connection with the merger, Scripps has agreed to pay Allen & Company an aggregate fee currently estimated to be approximately $44 million, no portion of which will be received by Mr. Gould; and

 

    Mr. Malone, who is a director of Discovery, is a party to the Malone voting agreement. The Malone voting agreement, among other things, requires that Mr. Malone vote his shares of Discovery Series B common stock to approve the stock issuance proposal.

These interests are discussed in more detail in “Transaction Summary—Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”.

The Discovery board was aware of these interests and considered them, among other matters, in approving the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement and in recommending that the holders of Discovery voting stock vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal.

Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger (Page 123)

When considering the recommendation of the Scripps board that Scripps shareholders vote in favor of the approval of the merger proposal and the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, Scripps shareholders should

 



 

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be aware that directors and executive officers of Scripps have certain interests in the merger that may be different from or in addition to the interests of Scripps shareholders generally. The Scripps board was aware of these interests and considered them, among other things, in evaluating and negotiating the merger agreement and the merger and in recommending that Scripps shareholders approve the merger proposal.

These interests include the following:

 

    Scripps’ executive officers and directors hold Scripps shares, which will be treated like all other Scripps shares in the merger. See “Certain Beneficial Owners of Scripps Shares—Security Ownership by the Scripps Board of Directors and Executive Officers”.

 

    Mary M. Peirce, as trustee of the Mary M. Peirce Living Trust, dated October 8, 1999, which we refer to as the “MMP Trust”, and Wesley Scripps, who are directors of Scripps, are parties to the Scripps voting agreement. As of the Scripps record date, the MMP Trust and Wesley Scripps beneficially owned approximately 2.4% and less than 0.01%, respectively, of the outstanding Scripps common shares.

 

    Upon the completion of the merger, substantially all Scripps options, restricted stock unit and performance-based restricted stock unit awards relating to Scripps Class A shares, whether vested or unvested, held by active employees will be cancelled and converted into the right to receive both a cash payment and Discovery Series C common stock (or fully vested options exercisable for such shares, in the case of Scripps options), in accordance with the methodology set forth in the merger agreement and the terms of the applicable equity incentive plan. However, alternative treatment will apply to a small number of restricted stock unit and performance-based restricted stock unit awards that by their terms accelerate and vest in connection with a change in control, such as the merger, only if there is also a qualifying termination of employment (referred to as double trigger awards).

 

    For certain Scripps executive officers, if their employment is involuntarily terminated without “cause” or if they resign for “good reason” following the completion of the merger, all restricted stock units and performance-based restricted stock units that are double trigger awards and that are held by the executive officers at that time, whether vested or unvested, will become 100% vested.

 

    Scripps’ executive officers are eligible for severance payments and benefits in the event of certain terminations of employment pursuant to their employment agreements and under the Scripps Executive Change in Control Plan. For these officers, severance is enhanced if such termination occurs in connection with a change in control, such as the merger. The arrangements include indemnification of the executive officers with respect to “golden parachute” excise taxes that may be incurred by them. Pursuant to the terms of the merger agreement, following the completion of the merger, Discovery is required to honor the severance arrangements of Scripps’ executive officers in accordance with their terms for a period of two years following the closing date.

 

    Under the terms of the merger agreement, Discovery is required, for the period beginning upon the completion of the merger and ending on December 31, 2018, to provide all Scripps employees, including the executive officers, with base pay and aggregate target annual cash bonus opportunities that are no less favorable than those provided to each such employee immediately prior to the completion of the merger.

 

    Upon the completion of the merger, all equity and phantom equity awards held by Scripps’ non-employee directors will be cancelled, and Scripps will pay such directors a cash amount calculated using the same exchange ratio that applies to all Scripps shareholders in the merger.

 

    Upon the completion of the merger, all non-employee directors who participate in the Scripps 2008 Deferred Compensation and Stock Plan for Directors, and who have elected to be paid out thereunder in cash, in whole or in part, will have the applicable portions of their account balances paid out in cash within thirty days following the completion of the merger.

 



 

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    Certain former directors and officers of Scripps will have rights to indemnification from Discovery. See “The Merger Agreement—Indemnification and Insurance” for further details.

These interests are described in further detail under “Transaction Summary—Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger” and “The Merger Agreement—Indemnification and Insurance”.

Voting by Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers (Page 134)

At the Discovery record date (the close of business on October 19, 2017), the directors and executive officers of Discovery beneficially owned, in the aggregate, 1,968,014 shares (or 1.8%) of Discovery Series A common stock, which represents approximately 0.9% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock, 6,192,141 shares (or 95.1%) of Discovery Series B common stock, which represents approximately 21.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock, and no shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock. We currently expect that Discovery’s directors and executive officers will vote their shares of Discovery voting stock in favor of the stock issuance proposal, although only Mr. Malone has entered into an agreement obligating him to do so.

Voting by Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers (Page 134)

At the Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017), Scripps directors and executive officers and their affiliates beneficially owned and had the right to vote 1,912,933 (or 2.0%) Scripps Class A shares and 32,670,422 (or 96.5%) Scripps common shares (taking into account shared voting power for Scripps common shares resulting from the Scripps Family Agreement) at the Scripps special meeting, which represents approximately 26.6% of the aggregate voting power of the Scripps shares entitled to vote on the merger, voting together as a single class, at the Scripps special meeting.

It is expected that Scripps’ directors and executive officers will vote their shares “FOR” the merger proposal, “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and “FOR” the adjournment proposal, although only Mary M. Peirce, as trustee of the MMP Trust, and Wesley Scripps, each a member of the Scripps family, have entered into the Scripps voting agreement obligating them to vote “FOR” the merger proposal.

Dissenters’ Rights of Scripps Shareholders (Page 171)

Under Ohio law, if the merger proposal is approved by the Scripps shareholders, any Scripps shareholder who does not vote in favor of approving the merger proposal may be entitled to seek relief as a dissenting shareholder under Section 1701.85 of the ORC, which includes the right to seek appraisal of the fair cash value of their shares as determined by the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton County, Ohio, but only if they comply with the procedures of Ohio law applicable to the exercise of the rights of a dissenting shareholder. The appraised fair cash value of common shares could be more, the same as or less than the merger consideration. See “Appraisal and Dissenters’ Rights—Scripps Shareholders.”

SECTION 1701.85 OF THE ORC, GOVERNING THE RIGHTS OF DISSENTING SHAREHOLDERS IS ATTACHED IN ITS ENTIRETY AS ANNEX I TO THIS JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS. ANY SCRIPPS SHAREHOLDER WHO WISHES TO EXERCISE THE RIGHTS OF A DISSENTING SHAREHOLDER OR WHO WISHES TO PRESERVE THE RIGHT TO DO SO SHOULD REVIEW ANNEX I CAREFULLY AND SHOULD CONSULT THE SHAREHOLDER’S LEGAL ADVISOR, BECAUSE FAILURE TO TIMELY COMPLY WITH THE PROCEDURES SET FORTH IN SECTION 1701.85 WILL RESULT IN THE LOSS OF THOSE RIGHTS.

 



 

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Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders (Page 204)

The rights of the holders of Discovery’s stock are governed by Discovery’s current certificate of incorporation, which we refer to as the “Discovery charter”, and bylaws, which we refer to as the “Discovery bylaws”, as well as the DGCL. The rights of the Scripps shareholders are governed by Scripps’ current articles of incorporation and code of regulations, as well as the ORC. Upon the completion of the merger, the rights of the Scripps shareholders will be governed by the Discovery charter and the Discovery bylaws, as well as the DGCL, and will differ in some respects from their rights under Scripps’ articles of incorporation and code of regulations. For more information regarding a comparison of such rights, see “Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders”.

Risk Factors (Page 28)

You should carefully consider the risks that are described in “Risk Factors” in deciding how to vote for the proposals presented in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

Litigation Relating to the Merger (Page 216)

Three securities lawsuits related to the proposed merger have been filed by purported Scripps shareholders. A putative class action lawsuit captioned Inzlicht-Sprei v. Scripps Networks Interactive, et al. (Case No. 3:17-cv-00420), which we refer to as the “Inzlicht-Sprei action”, was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee on September 20, 2017. A putative class action lawsuit captioned Berg v. Scripps Networks Interactive, et al. (Case No. 2:17-cv-848), which we refer to as the “Berg action”, and a lawsuit captioned Wagner v. Scripps Networks Interactive, et al. (Case No. 2:17-cv-859), which we refer to as the “Wagner action”, were filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio on September 27, 2017 and September 29, 2017, respectively. We refer to the Inzlicht-Sprei action, Berg action and Wagner action collectively as the “actions”. The actions name as defendants Scripps, the members of the Scripps board, and in the Berg action only, Discovery and Merger Sub, and allege that the defendants filed a materially incomplete and misleading Form S-4 in violation of Sections 14(a) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and SEC Rule 14a-9. The Wagner action seeks to enjoin the shareholder vote on the proposed merger, and all of the actions seek to enjoin the defendants from proceeding with or consummating the proposed merger or, in the event the merger is consummated, request that the court issue an order rescinding the merger and/or awarding rescissory damages. Additionally, the Inzlicht-Sprei action seeks that the Court direct the defendants to account for alleged damages, and all the actions seek attorneys’ and expert fees and expenses. On October 12, 2017, the plaintiff in the Inzlicht-Sprei action filed a notice of voluntary dismissal without prejudice. The time for the defendants to move or answer has not yet expired in any of the actions.

Accounting Treatment (Page 135)

The merger will be accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC 805—Business Combinations, which we refer to as “ASC 805”. Discovery’s management has evaluated the guidance contained in ASC 805 with respect to the identification of the acquirer in the merger and concluded, based on a consideration of the pertinent facts and circumstances, that Discovery will be the acquirer for financial accounting purposes. Accordingly, Discovery’s cost to acquire Scripps will be allocated to Scripps’ acquired assets, liabilities and non-controlling interests based upon their estimated fair values. The allocation of the purchase price is preliminary and is dependent upon estimates of certain valuations that are subject to change. In addition, the final purchase price of Discovery’s acquisition of Scripps will not be known until the date of the completion of the merger and could vary materially from the preliminary purchase price. Accordingly, the final acquisition accounting adjustments may be materially different from the preliminary unaudited pro forma adjustments presented.

 



 

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SELECTED CONSOLIDATED HISTORICAL FINANCIAL DATA OF DISCOVERY

The following table sets forth Discovery’s selected consolidated historical financial data as of the dates and for the periods indicated. The selected consolidated historical financial data for Discovery as of June 30, 2017 and for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 have been derived from Discovery’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes which are incorporated herein by reference. The data as of June 30, 2017 and for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016, in the opinion of Discovery’s management include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the unaudited interim periods. The selected consolidated historical financial data as of December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 and for each of the years ended December 31, 2016, December 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 have been derived from Discovery’s consolidated financial statements and related notes which are incorporated herein by reference. The selected consolidated historical financial data as of December 31, 2014, December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 and for the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 have been derived from Discovery’s consolidated financial statements and related notes not required to be incorporated by reference herein. The selected consolidated historical financial data are qualified in their entirety by, and should be read in conjunction with, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Discovery’s consolidated financial statements and unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included in Discovery’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 and Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017, respectively, each of which is incorporated herein by reference. See “Where You Can Find More Information” for instructions on how to obtain the information that has been incorporated by reference. Discovery’s consolidated historical financial data may not be indicative of the future performance of Discovery. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”.

 

    Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Fiscal Years Ended December 31,  
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)   2017     2016     2016     2015     2014     2013     2012  

Selected Statement of Operations Information:

             

Revenues

  $ 3,358     $ 3,269     $ 6,497     $ 6,394     $ 6,265     $ 5,535     $ 4,487  

Operating income

    1,117       1,075       2,058       1,985       2,061       1,975       1,859  

Income from continuing operations, net of taxes

    601       684       1,218       1,048       1,137       1,077       956  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of taxes

    —         —         —         —         —         —         (11

Net income

    601       684       1,218       1,048       1,137       1,077       945  

Net income available to Discovery Communications, Inc.

    589       671       1,194       1,034       1,139       1,075       943  

Basic earnings per share available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders: *

             

Continuing operations

  $ 1.02     $ 1.08     $ 1.97     $ 1.59     $ 1.67     $ 1.50     $ 1.27  

Discontinued operations

    —         —         —         —         —         —         (0.01

Net income

    1.02       1.08       1.97       1.59       1.67       1.50       1.25  

Diluted earnings per share available to Discovery Communications, Inc. Series A, B and C common stockholders: *

             

Continuing operations

  $ 1.01     $ 1.08     $ 1.96     $ 1.58     $ 1.66     $ 1.49     $ 1.26  

Discontinued operations

    —         —         —         —         —         —         (0.01

Net income

    1.01       1.08       1.96       1.58       1.66       1.49       1.24  

Weighted average shares outstanding:

             

Basic

    387       409       401       432       454       484       498  

Diluted

    583       623       610       656       687       722       759  

 



 

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    Six Months Ended
June 30,
    Fiscal Years Ended December 31,  
(dollars in millions, except per share amounts)   2017     2016     2016     2015     2014     2013     2012  

Selected Balance Sheet Information:

             

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 206     $ 185     $ 300     $ 390     $ 367     $ 408     $ 1,201  

Total assets

    16,149       15,690       15,758       15,864       15,970       14,934       12,892  

Long-term debt:

             

Current portion

    105       130       82       119       1,107       17       31  

Long-term portion

    8,158       7,809       7,841       7,616       6,002       6,437       5,174  

Total liabilities

    10,386       10,104       10,348       10,172       9,619       8,701       6,599  

Redeemable noncontrolling interests

    237       241       243       241       747       36       —    

Equity attributable to Discovery Communications, Inc.

    5,526       5,345       5,167       5,451       5,602       6,196       6,291  

Total equity

  $ 5,526     $ 5,345     $ 5,167     $ 5,451     $ 5,604     $ 6,197     $ 6,293  

 

 

    Income per share amounts may not sum since each is calculated independently.

 

    On September 30, 2016, Discovery recorded an other-than-temporary impairment of $62 million related to its investment in Lionsgate. On December 2, 2016, Discovery acquired a 39% minority interest in Group Nine Media, a newly formed media holding company, in exchange for contributions of $100 million and Discovery’s digital network businesses Seeker and SourceFed, resulting in a gain of $50 million upon deconsolidation of the businesses.

 

    On May 30, 2014, Discovery acquired a controlling interest in Eurosport International by increasing Discovery’s ownership stake from 20% to 51%. As a result, as of that date, the accounting for Eurosport was changed from an equity method investment to a consolidated subsidiary. On March 31, 2015 Discovery acquired a controlling interest in Eurosport France increasing Discovery’s ownership stake by 31% upon the resolution of certain regulatory matters and began accounting for Eurosport France as a consolidated subsidiary. On October 1, 2015, Discovery acquired the remaining 49% of Eurosport for €491 million ($548 million) upon TF1’s exercise of its right to put.

 

    On April 9, 2013, Discovery acquired the television and radio operations of SBS Nordic. The acquisition has been included in our operating results since the acquisition date. The radio operations of SBS Nordic were subsequently sold on June 30, 2015.

 

    Balance sheet amounts for prior years have been adjusted to reclassify debt issuance costs from other noncurrent assets to noncurrent portion of debt in accordance with ASU 2015-03. Amounts reclassified were $44 million, $45 million and $38 million for 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

 

    On September 23, 2014, Discovery acquired an additional 10% ownership interest in Discovery Family. The purchase increased our ownership interest from 50% to 60%. As a result, the accounting for Discovery Family was changed from an equity method investment to a consolidated subsidiary.

 

    On September 17, 2012, Discovery sold its postproduction audio business, the results of operations of which have been reclassified to discontinued operations for all periods presented.

 

*

As a result of the completion of the transactions contemplated by the exchange agreement with Advance/Newhouse on August 7, 2017, historical basic and diluted earnings per share available to Discovery Series C-1 preferred stockholders (previously Discovery Series C preferred stockholders) has changed. Discovery Series A, B and C common stock and Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock are treated as one class for the purposes of applying the two-class method for the calculation of earnings per share. Prior to the exchange agreement, Discovery Series C preferred stock was convertible into Discovery Series C common stock at a conversion rate of 2.0. Following the exchange, the Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock may be converted into Discovery Series C common stock at the initial conversion rate of 19.3648. The Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock are convertible into the aggregate number of Discovery Series C common stock

 



 

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  into which the Discovery Series A preferred stock and Discovery Series C preferred stock were convertible. As such, Discovery has retrospectively restated basic and diluted earnings per share information and related computational data below for the Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock for the five years presented in the table above. Discovery historically discloses this information in the earnings per share footnote in its quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and annual reports on Form 10-K.

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Fiscal Years Ended December 31,  
     2017      2016      2016      2015      2014      2013      2012  

Earnings Per Share Information (in millions, except per share amounts):

                    

Allocation of net income available to Discovery Series C-1 preferred stockholders for basic net income per share

   $ 124        152        266        235        262        240        231  

Allocation of net income available to Discovery Series C-1 preferred stockholders for diluted net income per share

     123        151        265        234        260        238        229  

Weighted-average Discovery Series C-1 preferred stock outstanding—basic and diluted

     6        7        7        8        8        8        10  

Basic net income per share available to Discovery C-1 preferred stockholders

   $ 19.65      $ 20.94      $ 38.07      $ 30.74      $ 32.32      $ 29.05      $ 24.27  

Diluted net income per share available to Discovery Series C-1 preferred stockholders

   $ 19.56      $ 20.82      $ 37.88      $ 30.54      $ 32.05      $ 28.76      $ 24.05  

 



 

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SELECTED CONSOLIDATED HISTORICAL FINANCIAL DATA OF SCRIPPS

The following table sets forth Scripps’ selected consolidated historical financial data. The selected consolidated historical financial data of Scripps for each of the years ended December 31, 2016, December 31, 2015, December 31, 2014, December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 and as of December 31, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013 and 2012 are derived from, qualified by and should be read in conjunction with Scripps’ audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, which is referred to in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as the Scripps 2016 10-K and Scripps audited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in Scripps’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. These filings are incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. See “Where You Can Find More Information” for instructions on how to obtain the information that has been incorporated by reference.

The selected financial data of Scripps for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016 are derived from, qualified by and should be read in conjunction with Scripps’ unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the second quarter of 2017, which is incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. See “Where You Can Find More Information” for instructions on how to obtain the information that has been incorporated by reference.

The unaudited financial data presented has been prepared on a basis consistent with Scripps audited consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of Scripps management, such unaudited financial data reflects all adjustments, consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the results for those periods. Scripps’ consolidated historical financial data may not be indicative of the future performance of Scripps. See “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”.

 

    Six Months Ended        
    June 30,     Year ended December 31,  
(in millions, except per share data and cash dividends)   2017     2016     2016     2015
(2)
    2014     2013     2012  

Statement of Operations Data

             

Operating revenues (1):

             

U.S. Networks

  $ 1,516     $ 1,455     $ 2,871     $ 2,717     $ 2,588     $ 2,466     $ 2,258  

International Networks

    279       268       557       328       90       76       49  

Corporate and Other

    (15     (13     (27     (27     (13     (11     0  

Total operating revenues

  $ 1,780     $ 1,710     $ 3,401     $ 3,018     $ 2,665     $ 2,531     $ 2,307  

Operating income

  $ 704     $ 663     $ 1,149     $ 1,104     $ 992     $ 958     $ 914  

Net income attributable to SNI common shareholders (3)

  $ 434     $ 476     $ 674     $ 607     $ 545     $ 505     $ 681  

Per Share Data

             

Net income attributable to SNI common shareholders per share of common stock

             

Basic

  $ 3.34     $ 3.67     $ 5.20     $ 4.68     $ 3.86     $ 3.43     $ 4.48  

Diluted

  $ 3.32     $ 3.66     $ 5.18     $ 4.66     $ 3.83     $ 3.40     $ 4.44  

Weighted average shares outstanding

             

Basic

    130       129       130       130       141       147       152  

Diluted

    131       130       130       130       142       149       153  

Balance Sheet Data

             

Total assets

  $ 6,517     $ 6,513     $ 6,200     $ 6,672     $ 4,657     $ 4,438     $ 4,139  

Total debt (4)(5)(6)(7)(8)

  $ 2,980     $ 3,627     $ 3,202     $ 4,010     $ 2,369     $ 1,384     $ 1,384  

Total liabilities

  $ 3,722     $ 4,345     $ 3,972     $ 4,736     $ 2,877     $ 1,867     $ 1,874  

SNI shareholders’ equity

  $ 2,514     $ 1,885     $ 1,900     $ 1,524     $ 1,382     $ 2,099     $ 1,821  

Non-controlling interest

  $ 281     $ 283     $ 329     $ 313     $ 302     $ 320     $ 307  

Total equity

  $ 2,795     $ 2,168     $ 2,228     $ 1,837     $ 1,685     $ 2,419     $ 2,128  

 



 

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Notes to Selected Financial Data

 

(1) As a result of the acquisition of N-Vision B.V., a Dutch Limited Liability Company (“N-Vision”), Scripps international operating segment became significant. Therefore, Scripps has two reportable segments: U.S. Networks and International Networks. As a result of the above-mentioned changes, certain prior period segment results have been recast to reflect the current presentation.
(2) 2015 includes activity related to the acquisition of TVN.
(3) Scripps’ income tax provision in 2012 reflects a $213 million income tax benefit as a result of the reversal of valuation allowances on deferred tax assets related to capital loss carry-forwards. Previously, Scripps had estimated that it would be unable to use any of the capital loss carry-forwards generated from the sale of Scripps’ Shopzilla and uSwitch businesses. As a consequence of a restructuring that was completed to achieve a more efficient tax structure, Scripps recognized a $574 million capital gain that utilized substantially all of its capital loss carry-forwards. This income tax benefit was partially offset by $23 million of state income tax expenses recognized on the capital gain that utilized these capital loss carry-forwards.
(4) In December 2009, Scripps acquired a 65.0 percent controlling interest in Travel Channel. In connection with this acquisition, Scripps completed a private placement of $885 million aggregate principal amount of 3.55% Senior Notes (the “2015 Notes”) that matured and were repaid in 2015.
(5) In 2011, Scripps completed the sale of $500 million aggregate principal amount of 2.70% Senior Notes due 2016 (the “2016 Notes”). The 2016 Notes matured and were repaid in 2016.
(6) In November 2014, Scripps completed the sale of $500 million aggregate principal amount of 2.75% Senior Notes due 2019 (the “2019 Notes”) and $500 million aggregate principal amount of 3.90% Senior Notes due 2024 (the “2024 Notes”).
(7) In May 2015, Scripps amended Scripps’ revolving credit facility (“Amended Revolving Credit Facility”) to permit borrowings up to an aggregate principal amount of $900 million, which may be increased to $1,150 million at Scripps’ option. In June 2015, Scripps completed the sale of $600 million aggregate principal amount of 2.80% Senior Notes due 2020 (the “2020 Notes”), $400 million aggregate principal amount of 3.50% Senior Notes due 2022 (the “2022 Notes”) and $500 million aggregate principal amount of 3.95% Senior Notes due 2025 (the “2025 Notes”). Also during June 2015, Scripps entered into a $250 million senior unsecured loan (“Term Loan”) that matured and was repaid in June 2017.

 

     On September 15, 2015, TVN executed a partial pre-payment of the 2020 TVN Notes totaling €45 million, comprised of principal of €43 million, accrued interest of €1 million and premium of €1 million.

 

     On November 16, 2015, TVN Finance Corporation III AB (“TVN Finance Corp.”), an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of Scripps, executed a second partial pre-payment of the 2020 TVN Notes totaling €46 million, comprised of principal of €43 million, accrued interest of €1 million and premium of €1 million. At December 31, 2015, €344 million was outstanding on the 2020 TVN Notes.

 

     On November 16, 2015, TVN Finance Corp. executed a full early redemption of 7.88% Senior Notes due 2018 (the “2018 TVN Notes”) totaling €119 million, comprised of principal of €117 million, accrued interest of a nominal amount and premium of €2 million. An additional €5 million was paid simultaneously in fulfillment of the November 15 coupon payment due.

 

     On September 20, 2016, TVN Finance Corp. executed a third partial pre-payment of the 2020 TVN Notes totaling €45 million, comprised of principal of €43 million, accrued interest of €1 million and premium of €1 million.

 

     On December 15, 2016, TVN Finance Corp. executed a full early redemption for the balance of the 2020 TVN Notes outstanding totaling €323 million, comprised of principal of €301 million, accrued interest of €11 million and premium of €11 million.

 

(8) In connection with the adoption of the FASB guidance on Imputation of Interest, Scripps reclassified $10 million from other non-current assets to debt (less current portion) in 2014 and an immaterial amount from other non-current assets to current portion of debt in 2014.

 



 

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COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL AND UNAUDITED PRO FORMA PER SHARE DATA

The following selected unaudited pro forma per share information for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and the year ended December 31, 2016 reflects the merger as if it had occurred on January 1, 2016. The book value per share amounts in the table below reflect the merger as if it had occurred on June 30, 2017 or December 31, 2016, as applicable. The information in the table is based on, should be read together with, and the information is qualified in its entirety by, the historical financial information that Scripps and Discovery have presented in their respective filings with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information” for instructions on how to obtain the information that has been incorporated by reference.

The unaudited pro forma combined per share data is presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of actual or future financial position or results of operations that would have been realized if the merger had been completed as of the dates indicated or will be realized upon the completion of the merger. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of any results to be expected in the future. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”.

 

     Historical      Unaudited Pro
Forma
Combined
     Equivalent Basis
Unaudited Pro
Forma
Combined
 
     Scripps      Discovery        

Basic Income per Share from Continuing Operations

 

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

   $ 3.34      $ 1.02      $ 1.09      $ 1.23  

Year Ended December 31, 2016

   $ 5.20      $ 1.97      $ 1.39      $ 2.38  

Diluted Income per Share from Continuing Operations

           

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

   $ 3.32      $ 1.01      $ 1.09      $ 1.22  

Year Ended December 31, 2016

   $ 5.18      $ 1.96      $ 1.38      $ 2.37  

Cash Dividends Per Share

           

Six Months Ended June 30, 2017

   $ 0.60             $ 0.11         

Year Ended December 31, 2016

   $ 1.00             $ 0.17         

Book Value Per Share

           

At June 30, 2017

   $ 21.49      $ 9.67      $ 14.82      $ 26.14  

At December 31, 2016

   $ 17.20      $ 8.81        N/A      $ 20.95  

 

(1) Equivalent pro forma per share amounts of Scripps are calculated by multiplying the respective pro forma per share amounts of Discovery by the Scripps share exchange ratio of 1.2096, based on the closing price of Discovery Series C common stock on September 12, 2017.

 



 

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COMPARATIVE PER SHARE MARKET PRICE AND DIVIDEND INFORMATION

Comparative Per Share Market Price Information

Discovery Series C common stock is listed on NASDAQ under the symbol “DISCK”. Scripps Class A shares are listed on NASDAQ under the symbol “SNI”. Scripps common shares are not listed or quoted for trading in any public market. The following table presents the closing prices of Discovery Series C common stock and Scripps Class A shares on July 28, 2017, the last trading day before the public announcement of the merger agreement, and October 18, 2017, the last practicable trading day prior to the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. The table also shows the equivalent per share value of the merger consideration for each Scripps share on the relevant date.

 

Date

   Discovery Series C
common stock

Closing Price
     Scripps Class A
shares

Closing Price
     Estimated Equivalent
Per Share Value
 

July 28, 2017

   $ 25.50      $ 86.91      $ 90.00  

October 18, 2017

   $ 18.53      $ 83.77      $ 85.41  

The above table shows only historical comparisons. These comparisons may not provide meaningful information to Scripps shareholders in determining whether to approve the merger proposal. Scripps shareholders are urged to obtain current market quotations for Scripps Class A shares and Discovery Series C common stock and to review carefully the other information contained in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus in considering whether to approve the merger proposal. See “Where You Can Find More Information” for instructions on how to obtain the information that has been incorporated by reference. Historical results are not necessarily indicative of any results to be expected in the future. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” and “Risk Factors”.

Comparative Stock Prices and Dividends

The following table presents, for the periods indicated, the intra-day high and low sales prices per share for Discovery Series C common stock and Scripps Class A shares and the cash dividends declared per share of Scripps Class A shares. Discovery does not currently pay a quarterly cash dividend on Discovery Series C common stock. This information should be read together with the consolidated financial statements and related notes of Discovery and Scripps that are incorporated by reference in this document.

 

     Discovery Series C common stock      Scripps Class A shares  
           High                Low          Cash
Dividend
Declared
     High      Low      Cash
Dividend
Declared
 

2014

           

First Calendar Quarter

   $ 41.84      $ 35.44        N/A      $ 86.62      $ 71.33      $ 0.20  

Second Calendar Quarter

     39.96        33.19        N/A        82.37        72.13        0.20  

Third Calendar Quarter

     44.00        36.40        N/A        86.48        76.13        0.20  

Fourth Calendar Quarter

     37.37        31.02        N/A        82.78        71.06        0.20  

2015

           

First Calendar Quarter

   $ 33.76      $ 27.66        N/A      $ 77.65      $ 68.44      $ 0.23  

Second Calendar Quarter

     32.66        28.24        N/A        72.11        64.47        0.23  

Third Calendar Quarter

     32.78        23.76        N/A        68.45        47.62        0.23  

Fourth Calendar Quarter

     29.93        23.42        N/A        62.30        47.72        0.23  

 



 

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     Discovery Series C common stock      Scripps Class A shares  
           High                Low          Cash
Dividend
Declared
     High      Low      Cash
Dividend
Declared
 

2016

           

First Calendar Quarter

   $ 28.05      $ 23.33        N/A      $ 66.99      $ 50.81      $ 0.25  

Second Calendar Quarter

     28.53        22.43        N/A        68.44        58.73        0.25  

Third Calendar Quarter

     26.61        23.22        N/A        68.34        59.32        0.25  

Fourth Calendar Quarter

     28.91        23.91        N/A        73.71        60.63        0.25  

2017

           

First Calendar Quarter

   $ 29.07      $ 25.56        N/A      $ 83.42      $ 71.29      $ 0.30  

Second Calendar Quarter

     29.18        24.18        N/A        79.43        64.87        0.30  

Third Calendar Quarter (through September 12, 2017)

     27.15        19.52        N/A        88.45        66.62        0.30  

 



 

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SUMMARY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONDENSED COMBINED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

The following summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements have been prepared using Discovery’s and Scripps’ historical financial information and present (i) the pro forma effects that are (a) directly attributable to the merger, (b) factually supportable, and (c) with respect to the statements of operations, expected to have a continuing impact on the combined results, and (ii) the pro forma effects reflecting certain assumptions and adjustments described in the notes to the “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” included in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. The summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements give effect to the merger as if it had been completed as of June 30, 2017 for purposes of the unaudited pro forma consolidated balance sheet and as of January 1, 2016 for the purposes of the unaudited pro forma consolidated statements of operations.

The following summary unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information have been prepared for illustrative purposes only and are not necessarily indicative of what the combined company’s condensed consolidated financial position or results of operations actually would have been had the merger been completed as of the dates indicated. In addition, the unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information do not purport to project the future financial position or operating results of the combined company. The unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information do not include (i) all reclassifications or adjustments to conform Scripps financial statement presentation or accounting policies to those adopted by Discovery, (ii) potential additional fair value adjustments to equity method investments, cost method investments, content and property, plant and equipment, (iii) adjustments for certain tax assets and liabilities or (iv) the impact of pending or future investments by Discovery, including Discovery’s announced joint venture with TEN: The Enthusiast Network. The following unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial information should be read in conjunction with the “Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Financial Information” and related notes in Discovery’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed on September 7, 2017, which is incorporated in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus by reference.

 

     Six Months Ended
June 30, 2017
     Year Ended
December 31, 2016
 
     (dollars in millions)  

Unaudited Pro forma Condensed Combined Statement of Operations Information:

  

Revenues:

     

Distribution

   $ 2,190      $ 4,107  

Advertising

     2,752        5,386  

Other

     196        405  

Total revenues

     5,138        9,898  

Costs and expenses:

     

Costs of revenues, excluding depreciation and amortization

     1,820        3,625  

Selling, general and administrative

     1,223        2,497  

Depreciation and amortization

     441        1,568  

Restructuring and other charges

     32        58  

Loss (gain) on disposition

     4        (63

Goodwill write-down

        58  

Total costs and expenses

   $ 3,520      $ 7,743  

Operating income

     1,618        2,155  

Interest expense

     (388      (798

Loss (gain) on extinguishment of debt

     (54      7  

(Losses) income from equity investees, net

     (54      33  

Other income, net

     18        184  

Income before income taxes

     1,140        1,581  

Provision for income taxes

     (231      (377

Net income

     909        1,204  

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (90      (115

Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interests

     (12      (23

Net income available to Registrant

     807        1,066  

 



 

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     As of June 30, 2017  
     (dollars in millions)  

Unaudited Pro Forma Condensed Combined Balance Sheet Information:

  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 603  

Current assets

     4,197  

Working capital

     2,345  

Total assets

     36,243  

Current liabilities

     1,852  

Noncurrent portion of debt

     19,974  

Total equity

   $ 11,013  

 



 

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RISK FACTORS

In addition to the other information included in, incorporated by reference in, or found in the annexes attached to, this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, including the matters addressed in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”, you should carefully consider the following risk factors in deciding whether to vote for the proposals to be considered at the Discovery special meeting and Scripps special meeting. See “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference” for more information about the documents incorporated by reference in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to Discovery or Scripps or that are not currently believed to be important also may adversely affect the transaction and Discovery following the transaction.

Risks Related to the Transaction

The number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that Scripps shareholders will receive in the merger is based on a base exchange ratio. Because the market price of Discovery Series C common stock will fluctuate, Scripps shareholders cannot be certain of the value of the merger consideration that Scripps shareholders will receive in the merger.

Upon the completion of the merger, each outstanding Scripps share will be converted into the right to receive the cash consideration, stock consideration or mixed consideration. The base exchange ratio for determining the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that Scripps shareholders will receive in the merger is subject to a collar based on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. Holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, and 0.9408 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than $28.70. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70, holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock between 1.2096 and 0.9408 equal to $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51, Discovery has the option to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares. Accordingly, the actual number of shares and the value of Discovery Series C common stock delivered to Scripps shareholders after the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The value of the Discovery Series C common stock delivered for each such Scripps share may be greater than, less than or equal to $27.00. Therefore, the market value of the Discovery Series C common stock that Scripps shareholders will be entitled to receive upon the completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the completion of the merger and could vary significantly from the market value on July 31, 2017, the date of the announcement of the merger agreement, to the date that this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus was first mailed to Scripps shareholders or the date of the Discovery special meeting and Scripps special meeting. In addition, the market value of the Discovery Series C common stock will fluctuate after the completion of the merger.

Fluctuations in the share price of the Discovery Series C common stock could result from changes in the business, operations or prospects of Discovery or Scripps prior to the completion of the merger or Discovery following the completion of the merger, regulatory considerations, general market and economic conditions and other factors both within and beyond the control of Discovery or Scripps.

The merger must be approved by holders of the Scripps common shares and the Scripps Class A shares.

The merger requires approval by holders of the majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares, the majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares and the majority of the voting power of the Scripps shares, voting together as a single class. There is a risk that the merger will be approved by one but not both of the relevant classes of shareholders, and that the merger proposal will not be approved. Scripps and Discovery cannot complete the merger unless each of the required votes to approve the merger proposal is obtained.

 

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Scripps family members own approximately 91.8% of the Scripps common shares and 8.4% of the Scripps Class A shares as of October 3, 2017. As a result of the foregoing, Scripps family members have a significant impact on the outcome of any vote of the Scripps shares.

Members of the Scripps family (including two Scripps directors, Mary M. Peirce and Wesley Scripps) holding approximately 83.1% of the issued and outstanding Scripps common shares and approximately 21.6% of the aggregate voting power of the Scripps shares entitled to vote on the merger proposal, voting together as a single class, at the Scripps special meeting have entered into the Scripps voting agreement, under which such members have agreed to vote their Scripps common shares to approve the merger proposal. The Scripps voting agreement may be terminated under certain circumstances, including in the event that the Scripps board makes a change of recommendation with respect to the approval of the merger proposal.

Scripps shareholders may receive a form or combination of consideration different from what they elect.

While each holder of Scripps shares may elect to receive, in connection with the merger, the mixed consideration, cash consideration or stock consideration, the total amount of cash and the total number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock available for all Scripps shareholders will be fixed. Under the proration and adjustment procedures, the total amount of cash paid, and the total number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock issued, in the merger to holders of Scripps shares, as a whole, will be equal to the total amount of cash and number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that would have been paid and issued if all of the holders of Scripps shares elected the mixed consideration. Accordingly, depending on the elections made by other Scripps shareholders, if a holder of Scripps shares elects to receive all cash in connection with the merger, such holder may receive a portion of the merger consideration in Discovery Series C common stock, and if a holder of Scripps shares elects to receive all Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger, such holder may receive a portion of the merger consideration in cash. See “The Merger Agreement—Effects of the Merger; Organizational Documents; Directors; Officers”. If a holder of Scripps shares does not submit a properly completed and signed form of election to the exchange agent by the election deadline, then such holder will have no control over the type of merger consideration such shareholder may receive and will receive mixed consideration consisting of both cash and shares of Discovery Series C common stock. No fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock will be issued in the merger, and Scripps shareholders will receive cash in lieu of any fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock.

If you deliver Scripps shares to make an election, you will not be able to sell those shares unless you revoke your election prior to the election deadline.

If you are a Scripps shareholder and want to elect to receive the cash consideration or stock consideration in exchange for your Scripps shares, you must deliver to the exchange agent by the election deadline a properly completed form of election. Following the delivery of a completed form of election, you will not be able to transfer such shares unless you revoke your election before the election deadline by providing written notice to the exchange agent. If you do not revoke your election before the election deadline, you will not be able to liquidate your investment in Scripps shares for any reason until you receive the merger consideration.

The transaction is subject to certain conditions, including conditions that may not be satisfied or completed on a timely basis, if at all.

The obligations of Discovery and Scripps to complete the transaction are subject to satisfaction or waiver of a number of conditions. The obligations of Discovery and Scripps are each subject to, among other conditions: (i) approval of the merger proposal by Scripps shareholders, (ii) approval of the stock issuance proposal by Discovery stockholders, (iii) approval for the listing on the NASDAQ of the shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be issued in the merger, upon official notice of issuance, (iv) expiration or termination of the applicable waiting period under the HSR Act, (v) receipt of consents from specified foreign regulators, (vi) absence of any applicable law or order that prohibits completion of the transaction, (vii) accuracy of the

 

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representations and warranties made in the merger agreement by the other party, subject to certain materiality qualifications, (viii) non-occurrence of any event, occurrence, fact, condition, change, development or effect that has resulted, or would reasonably be likely to result, in a material adverse effect with respect to the other party and (ix) performance in all material respects by the other party of the material obligations required to be performed by it at or prior to the completion of the merger.

For a more complete summary of the conditions that must be satisfied or waived prior to the completion of the merger, see “The Merger Agreement—Conditions to the Transaction”. The satisfaction of the required conditions could delay the completion of the transaction for a significant period of time or prevent it from occurring. Any delay in completing the transaction could cause Discovery not to realize some or all of the benefits that Discovery expects to achieve if the transaction is successfully completed within its expected timeframe. Further, there can be no assurance that the conditions to the completion of the merger will be satisfied or waived or that the transaction will be completed.

The merger agreement contains provisions that restrict Scripps’ ability and Discovery’s ability to pursue alternatives to the transaction, and, in specified circumstances, could require Scripps to pay Discovery a termination fee or Discovery to pay Scripps a termination fee.

The merger agreement contains “no shop” provisions that, subject to limited exceptions, restrict each of Discovery’s and Scripps’ ability to solicit, initiate, or knowingly facilitate competing third-party proposals for the acquisition of its stock or assets. In addition, before each of the Discovery and Scripps board withdraws, qualifies or modifies its recommendation of the transaction, or before Scripps terminates the merger agreement to enter into a third-party acquisition proposal, the other party generally has an opportunity to offer to modify the terms of the transaction. In some circumstances, upon termination of the merger agreement, either Discovery or Scripps will be required to pay a termination fee of $356 million.

In addition, the Scripps voting agreement requires that certain members of the Scripps family vote all of their Scripps common shares against any Scripps superior proposal and any Scripps acquisition proposal. See “Other Agreements Related to the Merger—Voting Agreements—Scripps Family Members” for more information about the Scripps voting agreement.

These provisions could discourage a potential third-party acquiror that might have an interest in acquiring all or a significant portion of Discovery or Scripps from considering or proposing that acquisition, even if it were prepared to pay consideration with a higher per share cash or market value than the market value proposed to be received or realized in the transaction, or might otherwise result in a potential third-party acquiror proposing to pay a lower price to Discovery or Scripps shareholders than it might otherwise have proposed to pay because of the added expense of the termination fee that may become payable in certain circumstances.

If the merger agreement is terminated and Discovery or Scripps decides to seek another business combination, it may not be able to negotiate or consummate a transaction with another party on terms comparable to, or better than, the terms of the merger agreement.

Uncertainties associated with the transaction may cause employees to leave Discovery or Scripps and may otherwise affect the future business and operations of Discovery after the transaction.

Discovery’s success after the transaction will depend in part upon its ability to retain key employees of Discovery and Scripps. Prior to and following the completion of the merger, current and prospective employees of Discovery and Scripps may experience uncertainty about their future roles with Discovery and choose to pursue other opportunities, which could have an adverse effect on Discovery after the transaction. If key employees depart, the integration of Scripps with Discovery may be more difficult and Discovery’s business following the completion of the merger may be adversely affected.

 

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Discovery will incur substantial additional indebtedness to finance the transaction, which could significantly impact the operation of Discovery after the completion of the merger and adversely affect the holders of Discovery common stock.

In connection with the transaction, Discovery has incurred substantial additional indebtedness to, among other things, fund the cash consideration of approximately $8.4 billion to be paid to Scripps shareholders in the merger and to pay transaction related costs, fees and expenses. In order to finance the merger, Discovery and DCL entered into the term loan facility, and completed public offerings of (i) $400 million aggregate principal amount of Floating Rate Senior Notes due 2019, $500 million aggregate principal amount of 2.200% Senior Notes due 2019, $1,200 million aggregate principal amount of 2.950% Senior Notes due 2023, $1,700 million aggregate principal amount of 3.950% Senior Notes due 2028, $1,250 million aggregate principal amount of 5.000% Senior Notes due 2037 and $1,250 million aggregate principal amount of 5.200% Senior Notes due 2047 and (ii) £400 million aggregate principal amount of British pound-sterling-denominated 2.500% Senior Notes due 2024. Each series of USD Notes and Sterling Notes was issued by DCL and guaranteed by Discovery. In addition, the outstanding Scripps notes in the aggregate principal amount of $2.5 billion are expected to remain outstanding after the completion of the merger and will remain the indebtedness of Scripps. Discovery is expected to have a significant amount of indebtedness after the completion of the merger that may have important consequences, including:

 

    impairing Discovery’s ability to meet one or more of the financial ratio covenants contained in its debt agreements or to generate cash sufficient to pay interest or principal, which could result in an acceleration of some or all of Discovery’s outstanding debt in the event that an uncured default occurs;

 

    increasing Discovery’s vulnerability to general adverse economic and market conditions;

 

    limiting Discovery’s ability to obtain additional debt or equity financing;

 

    requiring the dedication of a substantial portion of our cash flow from operations to service Discovery’s debt, thereby reducing the amount of cash flow available for other purposes;

 

    requiring Discovery to sell debt or equity securities or to sell some of its core assets, possibly on unfavorable terms, to meet payment obligations;

 

    in the event of a ratings downgrade, making it more difficult for Discovery to raise capital and increasing borrowing costs, as well as potentially triggering a change in control with respect to Scripps notes;

 

    limiting Discovery’s flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in its business and the markets in which it competes; and

 

    placing Discovery at a possible competitive disadvantage with less leveraged competitors and competitors that may have better access to capital resources.

Despite the current debt levels, and the debt levels anticipated following the transaction, Discovery may be able to incur significantly more debt in the future, which could increase the foregoing risks related to Discovery’s indebtedness after the completion of the merger.

In order to complete the merger, Discovery and Scripps must obtain certain governmental approvals, and if such approvals are not granted or are granted with conditions, completion of the merger may be jeopardized or the anticipated benefits of the transaction could be reduced.

Completion of the merger is conditioned upon the expiration or early termination of the waiting periods relating to the merger under the HSR Act and the required governmental authorizations having been obtained and being in full force and effect, including approval by the EC pursuant to the EC Merger Regulation, as well as the JCRA pursuant to the relevant competition law in Jersey. Further, as Discovery and Scripps both operate in the

 

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media and broadcasting sector, completion of the merger is also conditioned upon the receipt of all necessary consents from the Irish Competition and Consumer Protection Commission and the Austrian Federal Competition Authority.

Both Discovery and Scripps are subject to regulation by the Federal Communications Commission, which we refer to as the “FCC”, under the Communications Act of 1934, as amended. Each company holds a number of licenses and authorizations issued by the FCC for the operation of its business. We currently believe that Scripps will not need to transfer any of its FCC licenses to Discovery in order to continue to conduct its business operations after the completion of the merger. However, to the extent that we determine a transfer of any such licenses is necessary, the timing or outcome of the FCC regulatory process cannot be predicted and failure to obtain FCC regulatory approval (if necessary) could have an adverse effect on Discovery’s business following completion of the merger.

Although Discovery and Scripps have agreed in the merger agreement to use their reasonable best efforts, subject to certain limitations, to make certain governmental filings and obtain the required governmental approvals or expiration or earlier termination of relevant waiting periods, as the case may be, there can be no assurance that the relevant waiting periods will expire or be terminated early or that the relevant approvals will be obtained. In addition, the governmental entities that provide these approvals have broad discretion in administering the governing regulations. As a condition to approving the merger or related transactions, these governmental entities may impose conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions or require divestitures or place restrictions on the conduct of Discovery’s business after completion of the merger. Under the terms of the merger agreement, Discovery and its subsidiaries are required to take any and all actions necessary to obtain the consents, approvals, permits, expirations of waiting periods and authorizations of any governmental entity required to consummate the transaction, except those actions which would result in, or would be reasonably likely to result in, either individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on Discovery, Scripps, and their respective subsidiaries, taken as a whole, after giving effect to the merger. There can be no assurance that regulators will not impose conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions and that such conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not have the effect of delaying the completion of the merger or imposing additional material costs on or materially limiting the revenues of the combined company following the transaction, or otherwise adversely affecting Discovery’s businesses and results of operations after the completion of the merger. In addition, Discovery and Scripps can provide no assurance that these conditions, terms, obligations or restrictions will not result in the delay or abandonment of the transaction.

Although Discovery and Scripps believe that the transaction does not raise substantial regulatory concerns and that all remaining regulatory approvals will be obtained on a timely basis, Discovery and Scripps cannot be certain when, if or under what conditions these approvals will be obtained. Failure to obtain such approvals may result in the delay or abandonment of the transaction.

Even after the waiting periods under the HSR Act have expired and regulatory approvals that are a condition to the completion of the merger have been obtained, Discovery and Scripps can provide no assurances that the transaction will not be challenged. Governmental authorities could seek to block or challenge the transaction, including after the completion of the merger. In addition, private parties and individual states may bring legal actions under the antitrust laws in certain circumstances. Discovery and Scripps may not prevail and may incur significant costs in settling or defending any action under the antitrust laws. Although the parties believe the completion of the merger will not likely be prevented by antitrust laws, there can be no assurances that a challenge to the transaction on antitrust grounds will not be made or, if a challenge is made, what the result will be.

See “The Merger Agreement—Regulatory Approvals”.

 

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Potential changes in laws and regulations affecting Discovery’s and Scripps’ businesses could have a material adverse effect on their respective financial performance.

Many of Discovery’s and Scripps’ businesses are subject to various federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations. Their failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations could restrict their ability to provide certain services or result in imposition of civil fines and criminal penalties, substantial regulatory and compliance costs, litigation expense, adverse publicity and loss of revenues. Adverse legislation or regulations could be adopted in any country, state or municipality in which Discovery and Scripps operate. If such legislation or regulation is adopted in any particular jurisdiction and Discovery or Scripps is unable to continue to operate profitably under the new rules, then Discovery or Scripps may decide to make certain strategic decisions, resulting in decreased revenues, earnings and assets. For example, the Polish government has indicated that it is considering making changes to the rules applicable to Poland’s media sector. It remains uncertain whether any changes will be enacted or, if enacted, what the ultimate impact will be. Any change could negatively affect Scripps’ business in Poland. Among other things, Scripps owns the commercial broadcaster TVN, a Polish media company that operates a number of free-to-air and pay-TV lifestyle and entertainment networks. If Discovery or Scripps is unable to adapt its products and services to conform to new laws and regulations, or if such laws and regulations have a negative effect on their customers, Discovery or Scripps may experience customer losses or increased operating costs, which could have a material adverse effect on their businesses, financial condition and results of operations.

Failure to complete the transaction may negatively impact the share price and the future business and financial results of each of Discovery and Scripps.

If the transaction is not completed for any reason, including as a result of Discovery stockholders or Scripps shareholders failing to approve the necessary proposals, the ongoing businesses of Discovery and Scripps may be adversely affected and, without realizing any of the benefits of having completed the transaction, Discovery and Scripps would be subject to a number of risks, including the following:

 

    Discovery and Scripps may experience negative reactions from the financial markets, including negative impacts on their respective stock prices;

 

    Discovery and Scripps may experience negative reactions from their respective customers, regulators and employees;

 

    Discovery and Scripps will be required to pay certain costs relating to the merger, whether or not the merger is completed; and

 

    matters relating to the merger (including integration planning) will require substantial commitments of time and resources by Discovery and Scripps management, which would otherwise have been devoted to day-to-day operations and other opportunities that may have been beneficial to either Discovery or Scripps as an independent company.

If the transaction is not completed, the risks described above may materialize and they may adversely affect Discovery’s and Scripps’ businesses, financial condition, financial results and stock prices.

In addition, Discovery and Scripps could be subject to litigation related to any failure to complete the transaction or related to any enforcement proceeding commenced against Discovery and Scripps to perform their respective obligations under the merger agreement. If the transaction is not completed, these risks may materialize and may adversely affect Discovery’s and Scripps’ businesses, financial condition, financial results and stock prices.

 

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While the transaction is pending, Discovery and Scripps will be subject to business uncertainties, as well as contractual restrictions under the merger agreement, that may have an adverse effect on the businesses of Discovery and Scripps.

Uncertainty about the effect of the transaction on Discovery’s and Scripps’ employees and business relationships may have an adverse effect on Discovery and Scripps and, consequently, on Discovery following the completion of the merger. These uncertainties may impair each of Discovery’s and Scripps’ ability to retain and motivate key personnel until and after the completion of the merger and may cause third parties who deal with Discovery and Scripps to seek to change existing business relationships with Discovery and Scripps. If key employees depart or if third parties seek to change business relationships with Discovery and Scripps, Discovery’s business following the completion of the merger may be adversely affected.

In addition, the merger agreement contains customary covenants which restrict Discovery and Scripps, without the other party’s consent, from taking certain specified actions until the transaction closes or the merger agreement terminates. These restrictions may prevent Discovery and Scripps from pursuing otherwise attractive business opportunities that may arise prior to the completion of the merger or termination of the merger agreement. See “The Merger Agreement—Conduct of Scripps’ Business Pending the Transaction” and “The Merger Agreement—Conduct of Discovery’s Business Pending the Transaction”.

Discovery’s results of operations and financial condition following the completion of the merger may materially differ from the pro forma information presented in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

The Discovery unaudited pro forma condensed combined financial statements included in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus are derived from the historical consolidated financial statements of Discovery and Scripps, as well as from certain internal, unaudited financial information. The preparation of this pro forma information is based upon available information and certain assumptions and estimates that Discovery and Scripps believe are reasonable. However, this pro forma information may be materially different from what Discovery’s actual results of operations and financial condition would have been had the transaction occurred during the periods presented or what Discovery’s results of operations and financial position will be after the completion of the merger. In particular, the assumptions used in preparing the pro forma financial information may not be correct, expected synergies, which are not reflected in the pro forma information, may not be realized, and other factors may affect Discovery’s financial condition and results of operations following the completion of the merger.

The integration of Discovery and Scripps following the completion of the merger will present challenges that may reduce the anticipated potential benefits of the transaction.

Discovery and Scripps may face challenges in consolidating functions and integrating the two companies’ organizations, procedures and operations in a timely and efficient manner, as well as retaining key personnel. The integration of Discovery and Scripps may be complex and time-consuming due to the locations of their corporate headquarters and the size and complexity of each company. The principal challenges will include the following, among others:

 

    integrating Discovery’s and Scripps’ existing businesses;

 

    preserving significant business relationships;

 

    integrating information systems and internal controls over accounting and financial reporting;

 

    consolidating corporate and administrative functions;

 

    conforming standards, controls, procedures and policies, business cultures and compensation structures between Discovery and Scripps; and

 

    retaining key employees.

The management of Discovery after the completion of the merger will have to dedicate substantial effort to integrating the businesses of Discovery and Scripps during the integration process. These efforts may divert

 

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management’s focus and resources from Discovery’s business, corporate initiatives or strategic opportunities. If Discovery after the completion of the merger is unable to integrate Discovery’s and Scripps’ organizations, procedures and operations in a timely and efficient manner, or at all, the anticipated benefits and cost savings of the transaction may not be realized fully, or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected, and the value of Discovery’s common stock may be affected adversely. An inability to realize the full extent of the anticipated benefits of the transaction, as well as any delays encountered in the integration process, may also have an adverse effect upon the revenues, level of expenses and operating results of Discovery after the completion of the merger.

Discovery and Scripps will incur significant transaction and merger-related integration costs in connection with the transaction.

Discovery and Scripps expect to pay significant transaction costs in connection with the transaction. These transaction costs include legal, accounting and financial advisory fees and expenses, expenses associated with the new indebtedness incurred in connection with the transaction, SEC filing fees, printing expenses, mailing expenses and other related charges. A portion of the transaction costs will be incurred regardless of whether the transaction is completed.

In accordance with the merger agreement, Discovery and Scripps will each generally pay their own costs and expenses in connection with the transaction, whether or not the transaction is completed. Additionally, each of Discovery and Scripps have the right to terminate the merger agreement under certain circumstances, including in the event of a failure to obtain the required stockholder or shareholder vote, as applicable. If the merger agreement is terminated by either party as a result of the other party’s failure to obtain approval of its stockholders or shareholders, as applicable, the terminating party shall receive from the other party reimbursement for expenses in an amount equal to $25 million. If the merger agreement is terminated by Discovery as a result of the Scripps board changing its recommendation of the merger prior to Scripps’ shareholder approval having been obtained or by Scripps if prior to Scripps’ shareholder approval having been obtained, Scripps enters into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement with respect to a Scripps superior proposal that did not result from a material breach of the merger agreement, then Scripps will be obligated to pay Discovery a termination fee equal to $356 million. If the merger agreement is terminated by Scripps as a result of the Discovery board changing its recommendation of the stock issuance prior to Discovery’s stockholder approval having been obtained, then Discovery will be obligated to pay Scripps a termination fee equal to $356 million. See “The Merger Agreement—Description of the Merger Agreement” and “The Merger Agreement—Termination”.

Discovery, after the completion of the merger, may also incur costs associated with integrating the operations of the two companies, and these costs may be significant and may have an adverse effect on Discovery’s future operating results if the anticipated cost savings from the transaction are not achieved. Although Discovery and Scripps expect that the elimination of duplicative costs, as well as the realization of other efficiencies related to the integration of the two businesses, should allow Discovery to offset these incremental expenses over time, the net benefit may not be achieved in the near term, or at all.

A lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to the Scripps notes by rating agencies in connection with the change of control would require Discovery to offer to repurchase all outstanding Scripps notes.

Any rating assigned to the Scripps notes could be lowered or withdrawn entirely by a rating agency if, in that rating agency’s judgment, future circumstances relating to the basis of the rating, such as adverse changes, so warrant. If the ratings assigned to the Scripps notes are lowered to below “investment grade” or withdrawn by rating agencies in connection with the transaction, Discovery will be required to offer to repurchase all outstanding Scripps notes at 101% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the repurchase date. The source of funds for any repurchase of the Scripps notes would be available cash or cash generated from our operations or other sources, including borrowings, sales of assets or sales of equity. Discovery may not be able to repurchase the Scripps notes under these circumstances because Discovery may not have sufficient

 

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financial resources to repurchase all of the debt securities that are tendered pursuant to an offer to repurchase. Discovery may require additional financing from third parties to fund any such repurchases, the commitment letter does not provide for financing to fund any such repurchase, and Discovery may be unable to obtain financing on satisfactory terms or at all.

Uncertainty regarding the transaction could cause business partners, customers and other counterparties to delay or defer decisions concerning Discovery and Scripps that could adversely affect each company.

The transaction will occur only if stated conditions are met, many of which are outside the control of Discovery and Scripps. In addition, both parties have rights to terminate the merger agreement under specified circumstances. Accordingly, there may be uncertainty regarding the completion of the merger. This uncertainty may cause business partners, customers and other counterparties to delay or defer decisions concerning Discovery’s and Scripps’ businesses, which could negatively affect their respective businesses, results of operations and financial conditions. Business partners, customers and other counterparties may also seek to change existing agreements with Discovery or Scripps as a result of the transaction. Any delay or deferral of those decisions or changes in agreements with Discovery or Scripps could adversely affect the respective businesses, results of operations and financial conditions of Discovery and Scripps, regardless of whether the transaction is ultimately completed.

The merger could trigger provisions contained in Scripps’ agreements with third parties that could permit such parties to terminate those agreements or extend the terms of those agreements to Discovery’s business.

Scripps is party to agreements that may permit a counterparty to terminate an agreement or receive payments because the merger would cause a default or violate an anti-assignment, change of control or similar clause in such agreement. If this happens, Scripps may have to seek a consent from the counterparty, seek to replace the agreement with a new agreement or make additional payments under such agreement. However, Scripps may be unable to obtain the consent from the counterparty or replace a terminated agreement on comparable terms or at all. In addition, Scripps is a party to agreements which purport that if Scripps enters into a merger or similar transaction, the counterparty to such agreement may choose to have both parties continue under the terms under which Scripps operates, the terms that the counterparty to the transaction operates or their respective existing terms. While we do not believe that such terms would be applicable to Discovery, these agreements are complex and other parties could reach a different conclusion that, if correct, could have a material adverse effect on Discovery’s financial condition or results of operations. Depending on the importance of such agreements to Scripps’ and/or Discovery’s business, the failure to obtain consent from the counterparty or replace a terminated agreement on similar terms or at all, and the requirements to pay additional amounts, may materially increase the costs to Discovery of operating the combined business or prevent Discovery from operating Scripps’ business.

Certain of Discovery’s and Scripps’ directors and executive officers may have interests in the transaction that are different from your interests as a Discovery stockholder or Scripps shareholder.

When considering the recommendation of the Discovery board that the Discovery stockholders vote in favor of approval of the stock issuance proposal, and the recommendation of the Scripps board that the Scripps shareholders vote in favor of the merger proposal and the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, Discovery stockholders and Scripps shareholders should be aware that the directors and executive officers of Discovery and Scripps have interests that may be different from or in addition to the interests of the Discovery stockholders and Scripps shareholders generally. These interests include (i) the obligations of (a) Mr. Malone under the Malone voting agreement and (b) two Scripps directors under the Scripps voting agreement, (ii) treatment in the transaction of Scripps equity compensation awards, the employment agreements, retention awards, and certain other rights held by Scripps’ directors and executive officers, and (iii) the indemnification of former Scripps directors and executive officers. See “Transaction Summary—Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger” and “Transaction Summary—Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”.

 

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The Discovery Series C common stock to be received by Scripps shareholders upon the completion of the merger will have different rights from Scripps shares.

Upon the completion of the merger, Scripps shareholders will no longer be shareholders of Scripps, but will instead become Discovery stockholders and their rights as Discovery stockholders will be governed by Delaware law and the terms of the Discovery charter and Discovery bylaws. Delaware law and the terms of Discovery charter and Discovery bylaws are in some respects materially different than Ohio law and the terms of Scripps’ articles of incorporation and code of regulations. See “Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders” for a discussion of the different rights associated with Scripps shares and Discovery Series C common stock.

Holders of Discovery Series C common stock have no voting rights. As a result, holders of Discovery Series C common stock will have limited ability to influence Discovery stockholder decisions.

Holders of shares of Discovery Series C common stock have no voting rights except as required under the DGCL. As a result, generally matters submitted to Discovery stockholders will be decided by the vote of holders of Discovery voting stock. After the transaction, Mr. Malone and Advance/Newhouse will hold approximately 21.2% and 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock, respectively, and 45.6% collectively. Additionally, so long as Advance/Newhouse, the ANPP stockholder group, or any ANPP permitted transferee (as defined in the Discovery charter) owns or has the right to vote such number of shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock constituting at least 80% of the number of shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock issued to the ANPP stockholder group as of the date on which shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock were first issued, the Discovery charter requires the consent of the holders of a majority of shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock before Discovery or any of its subsidiaries can take certain specified actions. Advance/Newhouse and/or certain of its affiliates can transfer 80% or more of its shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and the associated special voting rights to a third party in a permitted transfer (as defined in the Discovery charter), subject to Discovery’s right of first offer, subject to certain terms and conditions. See “Description of Discovery Capital Stock—Discovery Series A-1 Preferred Stock and Discovery Series C-1 Preferred Stock—Special Class Vote Matters”. This concentrated control limits other Discovery stockholders’ ability to influence corporate matters and, as a result, Discovery may take actions that holders of Discovery Series C common stock do not view as beneficial. As a result, the market price of Discovery Series C common stock could be adversely affected.

After the merger, Scripps shareholders will have a significantly lower ownership and voting interest in Discovery than they currently have in Scripps and will exercise less influence over management.

Upon the completion of the merger, each holder of Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares will have a percentage ownership of Discovery that is smaller than his, her or its percentage ownership of Scripps immediately prior to the merger. Based on the number of Scripps shares outstanding as of October 18, 2017 and the closing stock price of Discovery Series C common stock on the NASDAQ on October 18, 2017, the latest practicable date before the mailing of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, of $18.53, and assuming that such price was to be the 15-day VWAP for the applicable period leading up to the merger upon which the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be received as merger consideration is determined, it is expected that, immediately after completion of the merger, former Scripps shareholders will own approximately 41.8% of the outstanding shares of Discovery Series C common stock. Holders of Scripps Class A shares currently have the right to elect three members of the Scripps board and the Scripps common shares have right to elect the remainder of the directors and exercise all other voting rights except as required by the ORC. Holders of shares of Discovery Series C common stock have no voting rights except as required under the DGCL. As a result, generally matters submitted to Discovery stockholders will be decided by the vote of holders of Discovery voting stock and former holders of Scripps shares will not have the right to elect any members of the Discovery board or approve other matters submitted for approval by Discovery stockholders except as required by the DGCL. Consequently, former Scripps shareholders will have less influence over the management and policies of

 

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Discovery than they currently have over the management and policies of Scripps. See “Comparison of Rights of Discovery Stockholders and Scripps Shareholders”.

Risk Factors Relating to Discovery After the Transaction

Following the completion of the transaction, Discovery will continue to be, subject to the risks described in (i) Part I, Item 1A in Discovery’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 and (ii) Part I, Item 1A in Scripps’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016. See “Where You Can Find More Information”.

 

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CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

Statements included in or incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus that are not historical facts, including statements about the beliefs and expectations of the managements of Discovery and Scripps, constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the rules, regulations and releases of the SEC. These forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results might differ materially from those discussed in, or implied by, the forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are based on the current beliefs and expectations of the management of Discovery and Scripps and are subject to significant known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond the control of Discovery and Scripps. With respect to these forward-looking statements, Discovery and Scripps have made assumptions regarding, among other things, customer growth and retention, pricing, operating costs, technology and the economic and regulatory environment.

These forward-looking statements relate to Discovery’s and Scripps’ outlook or expectations for earnings, revenues, results of operations, financing plans, expenses, competitive position or other future financial or business performance, strategies or expectations or the impact of legal or regulatory matters on Discovery’s or Scripps’ business, results of operations or financial condition. Specifically, forward-looking statements may include:

 

    statements relating to Discovery and Scripps’ plans, intentions, expectations, objectives or goals, including those relating to the benefits of the merger proposal;

 

    statements relating to Discovery and Scripps’ future performance, business prospects, revenue, income and financial condition and competitive position following the consummation of the merger, and any underlying assumptions relating to those statements; and

 

    statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “aims,” “potential,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “considered,” “likely,” “estimate” and variations of these words and similar future or conditional expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements.

By their nature, forward-looking statements involve risk and uncertainty because they relate to events and depend on future circumstances that may or may not occur. Actual results may differ materially from the current expectations of Discovery and Scripps depending on a number of factors affecting their businesses and risks associated with the successful execution of the merger and the integration and performance of their businesses following the merger. In evaluating these forward-looking statements, you should carefully consider the risks described herein and in other reports that Discovery and Scripps file with the SEC. See “Risk Factors” and “Where You Can Find More Information”. Factors which could have a material adverse effect on operations and future prospects or which could cause events or circumstances to differ from the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

    the occurrence of any event, change or other circumstances that could give rise to the termination of the merger agreement;

 

    the risk that Discovery stockholders may not approve the stock issuance proposal and that Scripps shareholders may not approve the merger proposal;

 

    the risk that the necessary regulatory approvals may not be obtained or may be obtained subject to conditions that are not anticipated or that may be burdensome;

 

    risks that any of the conditions to the completion of the merger may not be satisfied in a timely manner;

 

    risks related to disruption of management time from ongoing business operations due to the merger;

 

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    failure to realize the benefits expected from the merger;

 

    the timing to complete the merger;

 

    risks related to any legal proceedings that have been or may be instituted against Discovery, Scripps and/or others relating to the merger;

 

    the effect of the announcement of the merger on Discovery’s and Scripps’ operating results and businesses generally

 

    changes in the distribution and viewing of television programming, including the expanded deployment of personal video recorders, video on demand, internet protocol television, mobile personal devices and personal tablets and their impact on television advertising revenue;

 

    continued consolidation of distribution customers and production studios;

 

    a failure to secure affiliate agreements or renewal of such agreements on less favorable terms;

 

    rapid technological changes; the inability of advertisers or affiliates to remit payment to us in a timely manner or at all;

 

    general economic and business conditions;

 

    industry trends, including the timing of, and spending on, feature film, television and television commercial production;

 

    spending on domestic and foreign television advertising;

 

    disagreements with our distributors or other business partners over contract interpretation;

 

    fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and political unrest and regulatory changes in international markets, from events including Brexit;

 

    market demand for foreign first-run and existing content libraries;

 

    the regulatory and competitive environment of the industries in which we, and the entities in which we have interests, operate;

 

    uncertainties inherent in the development of new business lines and business strategies;

 

    uncertainties regarding the financial performance of our equity method investees;

 

    integration of acquired businesses;

 

    uncertainties associated with product and service development and market acceptance, including the development and provision of programming for new television and telecommunications technologies;

 

    future financial performance, including availability, terms, and deployment of capital;

 

    the ability of suppliers and vendors to deliver products, equipment, software, and services;

 

    our ability to achieve the efficiencies, savings and other benefits anticipated from our cost-reduction initiative; the outcome of any pending or threatened litigation;

 

    availability of qualified personnel;

 

    the possibility or duration of an industry-wide strike or other job action affecting a major entertainment industry union;

 

    changes in, or failure or inability to comply with, government regulations, including, without limitation, regulations of the Federal Communications Commission and adverse outcomes from regulatory proceedings;

 

    changes in income taxes due to regulatory changes or changes in our corporate structure; changes in the nature of key strategic relationships with partners, distributors and equity method investee partners;

 

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    competitor responses to our products and services and the products and services of the entities in which we have interests;

 

    threatened terrorist attacks and military action;

 

    reduced access to capital markets or significant increases in costs to borrow;

 

    a reduction of advertising revenue associated with unexpected reductions in the number of subscribers; and

 

    other risks detailed from time to time in the respective filings of Discovery and Scripps with the SEC, including Annual Reports on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

YOU ARE CAUTIONED NOT TO PLACE UNDUE RELIANCE ON ANY FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS, ALL OF WHICH SPEAK ONLY AS OF THE DATE OF THIS JOINT PROXY STATEMENT/PROSPECTUS. EXCEPT AS REQUIRED BY LAW, DISCOVERY AND SCRIPPS UNDERTAKE NO OBLIGATION TO PUBLICLY UPDATE OR RELEASE ANY REVISIONS TO THESE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS TO REFLECT ANY EVENTS, CONDITIONS OR CIRCUMSTANCES AFTER THE DATE HEREOF OR TO REFLECT THE OCCURRENCE OF UNANTICIPATED OR CHANGE IN EVENTS, CONDITIONS OR CIRCUMSTANCES. ALL SUBSEQUENT WRITTEN AND ORAL FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS ATTRIBUTABLE TO US OR ANY PERSON ACTING ON DISCOVERY’S OR SCRIPPS’ BEHALF ARE EXPRESSLY QUALIFIED IN THEIR ENTIRETY BY THE CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS CONTAINED OR REFERRED TO IN THIS SECTION.

 

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE DISCOVERY SPECIAL MEETING AND PROPOSAL

Date, Time and Place

The Discovery special meeting is scheduled to be held at Discovery’s offices located at 850 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022, on November 17, 2017 at 10:00 A.M. New York time.

Purpose of the Discovery Special Meeting

At the Discovery special meeting, Discovery stockholders will be asked to consider and vote on the stock issuance proposal.

Pursuant to the voting agreements, (i) Mr. Malone, who holds approximately 93.6% of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series B common stock and approximately 21.2% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date and (ii) Advance/Newhouse, which holds all of the issued and outstanding shares of Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock and approximately 24.4% of the aggregate voting power of the shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date, have agreed to vote their shares in favor of the stock issuance proposal. For additional information regarding the voting agreement, see “Other Agreements Related to the Merger—Voting Agreements”.

Recommendation of the Discovery Board

On July 29, 2017, after careful consideration and consultation with its advisors, all members of the board of directors of Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery board”, in attendance at the meeting, except for one director who abstained, approved the merger agreement. Director Paul Gould abstained due to his employment relationship with Allen & Company, one of Scripps’ financial advisors in connection with the merger. See “Transaction Summary—Interests of Discovery’s Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”. Moreover, the members of the Discovery board in attendance at the meeting, with Mr. Gould abstaining, unanimously determined that the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby are advisable, fair to and in the best interests of Discovery and its stockholders and further resolved that it is recommended to the Discovery stockholders that they vote “FOR” the stock issuance proposal in connection with the merger.

THE DISCOVERY BOARD RECOMMENDS THAT YOU VOTE “FOR” THE STOCK ISSUANCE PROPOSAL.

Record Date; Stockholders Entitled to Vote

The Discovery board has fixed the close of business on October 19, 2017 as the record date for the Discovery special meeting. Only holders of record of shares of Discovery voting stock as of the Discovery record date will be entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the Discovery special meeting or any adjournment or postponement thereof. Holders of the Discovery voting stock will be entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal. A list of Discovery stockholders of record entitled to vote at the special meeting will be available at the executive offices of Discovery at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 at least ten days prior to the special meeting and will also be available for inspection at the Discovery special meeting by any Discovery stockholder for purposes germane to the meeting.

As of the Discovery record date, there were a total of 154,002,569, 6,512,379 and 7,852,582 and four-ninths (4/9ths) shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock outstanding, respectively. As of the Discovery record date, approximately 1.8%, 95.1% and 0% of the outstanding shares of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock, respectively, were held by Discovery directors and executive officers and their affiliates. We currently expect that Discovery’s directors and executive officers will vote their shares of Discovery voting stock in favor of the stock issuance proposal, although only Mr. Malone has entered into an agreement obligating him to do so.

 

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Quorum

A quorum is necessary to transact business at the Discovery special meeting. For the purposes of the Discovery special meeting, the presence, in person or by properly executed proxy, of the holders of a majority in voting power of the Discovery voting stock, with the Discovery Series A-1 preferred stock voting on an as-converted to common stock basis, voting together as a single class, will constitute a quorum for the combined class vote on the stock issuance proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes (where a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee does not exercise discretionary authority to vote on a proposal) will not be treated as present for purposes of determining the presence of a quorum. If a quorum is not present, the Discovery special meeting will be adjourned until a quorum is obtained.

Required Vote

Approval of the stock issuance proposal requires the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the combined voting power of the outstanding Discovery voting stock, voting together as a single class, present in person or represented by proxy at the Discovery special meeting and entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal.

Failure to Vote, Broker Non-Votes and Abstentions

If you are a beneficial owner of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote and fail to vote or fail to instruct your bank, brokerage firm or nominee to vote, it will have no effect on the stock issuance proposal, assuming a quorum is present. If you are a Discovery stockholder and you sign, date, and return your proxy or voting instructions to abstain, it will have the effect of voting “AGAINST” the stock issuance proposal.

Voting at the Discovery Special Meeting

If you plan to attend the Discovery special meeting and wish to vote in person, you will be given a ballot at the Discovery special meeting. Please note, however, that if your shares of Discovery voting stock are held in “street name,” and you wish to vote at the special meeting, you must bring to the Discovery special meeting a “legal proxy” executed in your favor from the record holder (your bank, brokerage firm, trust company or other nominee) of the shares of Discovery voting stock authorizing you to vote at the Discovery special meeting.

In addition, you may be asked to present valid photo identification, such as a driver’s license or passport, before being admitted to the Discovery special meeting. If you hold your shares of Discovery voting stock in “street name,” you also may be asked to present proof of ownership as of the Discovery record date to be admitted to the Discovery special meeting. A brokerage statement or letter from your bank, brokerage firm, trust company or other nominee proving ownership of the shares of Discovery voting stock on the Discovery record date are examples of proof of ownership. Discovery stockholders will not be allowed to use cameras, recording devices and other similar electronic devices at the Discovery special meeting.

Voting by Proxy

A proxy card is enclosed for your use. Discovery requests that you mark, sign and date the accompanying proxy and return it promptly in the enclosed postage-paid envelope. When the accompanying proxy is returned properly executed, the shares of Discovery voting stock represented by it will be voted at the Discovery special meeting or any adjournment or postponement thereof in accordance with the instructions contained in the proxy.

If a properly executed proxy is returned without an indication as to how the shares of Discovery voting stock represented are to be voted with regard to a particular proposal, the Discovery voting stock represented by the proxy will have the effect of voting “FOR” the stock issuance proposal. If you are a beneficial owner, your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee will vote your shares on the stock issuance proposal only if you return a properly executed proxy with an indication as to how the shares of Discovery voting stock represented are to be voted with regard to a particular proposal.

 

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At the date hereof, management has no knowledge of any business that will be presented for consideration at the special meeting and which would be required to be set forth in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or the related proxy card other than the matters set forth in the notice of the Discovery special meeting. If any other matter is properly presented at the Discovery special meeting for consideration, it is intended that the persons named in the enclosed form of proxy and acting thereunder will vote in accordance with their best judgment on such matter.

YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT. ACCORDINGLY, PLEASE MARK, SIGN, DATE AND RETURN THE ENCLOSED PROXY CARD WHETHER OR NOT YOU PLAN TO ATTEND THE SPECIAL MEETING IN PERSON.

How Proxies Are Counted

All shares of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote and represented by properly executed proxies received in time for the Discovery special meeting will be voted at the Discovery special meeting in the manner specified by the Discovery stockholder giving those proxies. Properly executed proxies that do not contain voting instructions with respect to the stock issuance proposal will be voted “FOR” the stock issuance proposal.

Shares Held in “Street Name”

If you hold shares of Discovery voting stock through a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee, you may instruct your bank, brokerage firm or other nominee to vote your shares of Discovery voting stock by following the instructions that the bank, brokerage firm or nominee provides to you with these materials. Most brokerage firms offer the ability for Discovery stockholders to submit voting instructions by mail by completing a voting instruction card, by telephone and via the Internet. If you do not provide voting instructions to your brokerage firm, your shares of Discovery voting stock will not be voted on any proposal on which your brokerage firm does not have discretionary authority to vote. This is called a broker non-vote. In these cases, broker non-votes will not be counted as present for purposes of establishing a quorum. With respect to the stock issuance proposal, a broker non-vote will have no effect on the proposal assuming a quorum is present. If you hold shares of Discovery voting stock through a bank, brokerage firm or other nominee and wish to vote your shares of Discovery voting stock in person at the Discovery special meeting, you must obtain a legal proxy from your bank, brokerage firm or nominee and present it to the inspector of election with your ballot when you vote at the Discovery special meeting.

Revocation of Proxies and Changes to a Discovery Stockholder’s Vote

If you are the record holder of Discovery voting stock, you may change your vote at any time before your proxy is voted at the Discovery special meeting. You may do this in one of four ways:

 

    by sending a notice of revocation to the Discovery Corporate Secretary bearing a later date than your original proxy card and mailing it so that it is received prior to the special meeting;

 

    by sending a completed proxy card to the Discovery Corporate Secretary bearing a later date than your original proxy card and mailing it so that it is received prior to the special meeting;

 

    by logging on to the Internet website specified on your proxy card in the same manner you would to submit your proxy electronically or by calling the telephone number specified on your proxy card, in each case if you are eligible to do so and following the instructions on the proxy card; or

 

    by attending the special meeting and voting in person.

Your attendance alone will not revoke any proxy.

 

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Written notices of revocation and other communications about revoking proxies should be addressed to:

Discovery Communications, Inc.

One Discovery Place

Silver Spring, Maryland 20910

Attn: Stephanie Marks, Corporate Secretary

If your shares of Discovery voting stock are held in “street name,” you should follow the instructions of your brokerage firm regarding the revocation of proxies.

Once voting on a particular matter is completed at the Discovery special meeting, a Discovery stockholder will not be able to revoke its proxy or change its vote as to that matter.

All shares of Discovery voting stock entitled to vote and represented by valid proxies that Discovery receives through this solicitation, and that are not revoked, will be voted in accordance with the instructions on the proxy card. If a Discovery stockholder makes no specifications on its proxy card as to how it wants its shares of Discovery voting stock voted before signing and returning it, such proxy will be voted “FOR” the stock issuance proposal.

Tabulation of Votes

The Discovery board has appointed Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., which we refer to as “Broadridge”, to serve as the inspector of election for the Discovery special meeting. The inspector of election will, among other matters, determine the number of shares of Discovery voting stock represented at the Discovery special meeting to confirm the existence of a quorum for each proposal, determine the validity of all proxies and ballots and certify the results of voting on the stock issuance proposal submitted to the Discovery stockholders.

Solicitation of Proxies

Discovery will bear the entire cost of soliciting proxies from its stockholders. In addition to the solicitation of proxies by mail, Discovery will request that banks, brokers and other record holders send proxies and proxy material to the beneficial owners of Discovery voting stock and secure their voting instructions, if necessary. Discovery will reimburse the record holders for their reasonable expenses in taking those actions.

Discovery has also made arrangements with Georgeson LLC to assist in soliciting proxies and in communicating with Discovery stockholders and estimates that it will pay them a fee of approximately $15,000 plus reasonable out-of-pocket fees and expenses for these services. If necessary, Discovery may also use several of its regular employees, who will not be specially compensated, to solicit proxies from Discovery stockholders, either personally or by telephone, the Internet, facsimile or letter.

Adjournments

If a quorum is not present or represented, the Discovery special meeting may be adjourned from time to time solely by the chairman of the meeting until a quorum is present. If a quorum is present at the special meeting but there are not sufficient votes at the time of the special meeting to approve the stock issuance proposal, then the chairman of the meeting may adjourn the meeting. The Discovery stockholders present at the Discovery special meeting shall not have the authority to adjourn the meeting. No notices of an adjourned meeting need to be given if the time and place to which the meeting is adjourned are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken, unless the adjournment is for more than 30 days or the Discovery board sets a new record date for such meeting, in which case a written notice of the place, date and time of the adjourned meeting will be given to each Discovery stockholder of record entitled to vote at the meeting. At any subsequent

 

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reconvening of the Discovery special meeting at which a quorum is present, any business may be transacted that might have been transacted at the original meeting and all proxies will be voted in the same manner as they would have been voted at the original convening of the special meeting, except for any proxies that have been effectively revoked or withdrawn prior to the time the proxy is voted at the reconvened meeting.

Assistance

If you need assistance in completing your proxy card or have questions regarding the special meeting, please contact Georgeson LLC, the proxy solicitation agent for Discovery, at discovery@georgeson.com, or call toll-free at (866) 413-5899.

Stock Issuance Proposal

As discussed throughout this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, Discovery is asking its stockholders to approve the stock issuance proposal. Discovery stockholders should read carefully this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus in its entirety, including the annexes, for more detailed information concerning the merger agreement and the merger. In particular, Discovery stockholders are directed to the merger agreement, a copy of which is attached as Annex A to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and is incorporated by reference herein.

Approval of the stock issuance proposal requires the affirmative vote of at least a majority of the combined voting power of the outstanding Discovery voting stock present in person or represented by proxy at the Discovery special meeting and entitled to vote on the stock issuance proposal.

THE DISCOVERY BOARD RECOMMENDS THAT DISCOVERY STOCKHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE STOCK ISSUANCE PROPOSAL.

 

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INFORMATION ABOUT THE SCRIPPS SPECIAL MEETING AND PROPOSALS

Scripps is providing this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus to its shareholders in connection with the solicitation of proxies to be voted at the Scripps special meeting of shareholders (or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting) that Scripps has called to consider and vote on a proposal to approve the merger proposal, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and the adjournment proposal.

Date, Time and Location

Together with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, Scripps is also sending you a notice of the Scripps special meeting and a form of proxy that is solicited by the Scripps board for use at the Scripps special meeting to be held on November 17, 2017, at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, TN 37919, at 10:00 A.M., New York time, and at any adjournments or postponements of the Scripps special meeting.

Admission Procedures

Only shareholders as of the Scripps record date or their proxy holders may attend the Scripps special meeting. If you would like to attend the Scripps special meeting, because of security procedures, you will need to register in advance to gain admission to the Scripps special meeting.

 

    Before the meeting: Please register on or before November 15, 2017, by contacting Eleni Stratigeas, Scripps’ Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary, at (865) 560-3326 or estratigeas@scrippsnetworks.com. If you plan to attend the meeting and need special assistance because of a disability, please contact the corporate secretary’s office.

 

    When you arrive: Company representatives will be available to direct you to the meeting room where you can check in at the registration table beginning at 9:30 A.M. New York time.

 

    What to bring: If your shares are registered in the name of a bank, broker, or other holder of record, please bring both a photo ID and documentation of your stock ownership as of October 3, 2017 (such as a brokerage statement). If your shares are registered in your name, either solely or jointly with one or more co-owners, you will just need a photo ID.

Purpose

At the Scripps special meeting, Scripps shareholders will be asked to consider and vote on the following proposals:

 

    the merger proposal, pursuant to which Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery;

 

    the “golden parachute” compensation proposal; and

 

    the adjournment proposal.

Under Scripps’ amended and restated code of regulations, the business to be conducted at the Scripps special meeting will be limited to the purposes stated in the notice to Scripps shareholders provided with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

Recommendations of the Scripps Board of Directors

After careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Scripps’ management and advisors, the Scripps board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are fair to and in the best interests of the Scripps shareholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

 

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The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal I: Approval of the Merger Proposal” and “Transaction Summary—Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board”.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal II: Advisory Vote on the “Golden Parachute” Compensation Proposal”.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the adjournment proposal. See “Information About the Scripps Special Meeting and Proposals—Scripps Proposals—Scripps Proposal III: Scripps Special Meeting Adjournment Proposal”.

Scripps Record Date; Outstanding Shares; Shareholders Entitled to Vote

The Scripps board has fixed the close of business on October 3, 2017 as the Scripps record date for determination of the shareholders entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting. Only Scripps shareholders of record at the Scripps record date are entitled to receive notice of, and to vote at, the Scripps special meeting or any adjournment or postponement of the Scripps special meeting.

As of the Scripps record date, Scripps had outstanding 96,049,523 Scripps Class A shares and 33,850,481 Scripps common shares. Each Scripps Class A share and Scripps common share is entitled to one vote upon matters on which such class of shares is entitled to vote.

Quorum

A quorum of shareholders is necessary to hold a valid meeting. The presence at the Scripps special meeting, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares and the presence, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares will constitute a quorum for the meeting for the purposes of the vote to approve the merger proposal.

The presence at the Scripps special meeting, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares will constitute a quorum for the meeting for the purposes of the vote to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

The presence at the Scripps special meeting, in person or by proxy, of the holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares will constitute a quorum for the meeting for the purposes of the vote to approve the adjournment proposal.

Required Vote

To approve the merger proposal, (i) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class, is required. Scripps cannot complete the merger unless both classes of shareholders approve the merger proposal. Because adoption requires the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares, a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares and a majority of the outstanding Scripps shares, voting as a single class, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the merger proposal.

 

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To approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required. An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the outcome of any vote to approve the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

To approve the adjournment proposal, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required. An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the proposal.

Share Ownership of and Voting by Scripps Directors and Executive Officers

At the Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017), Scripps directors and executive officers beneficially owned and had the right to vote 1,912,933 Scripps Class A shares and 32,670,422 Scripps common shares (taking into account shared voting power for Scripps common shares resulting from the Scripps Family Agreement) at the Scripps special meeting, which represents less than 2.0% of the Scripps Class A shares and 96.5% Scripps common shares entitled to vote at the Scripps special meeting.

It is expected that Scripps’ directors and executive officers will vote their shares “FOR” the merger proposal, “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and “FOR” the adjournment proposal, although only Mary M. Peirce, as trustee of the MMP Trust, and Wesley Scripps have entered into an agreement obligating them to vote “FOR” the merger proposal.

Voting of Shares

If you are a shareholder of record (i.e., if your shares are registered directly in your name in the records of Scripps’ transfer agent, Wells Fargo Shareowner Services), you can vote using one of the methods described below. If you are a beneficial owner (i.e., you indirectly hold your shares through a nominee such as a bank or broker), you can vote using the methods provided by your nominee.

Via the Internet or by Telephone

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you may vote via the Internet at www.proxyvote.com (have your 16-Digit Control Number, which is printed in the box marked by the arrow on the notice or proxy card, and follow the instructions) or by telephone by calling 1-800-690-6903 (use any touch-tone telephone to transmit your voting instructions). Votes submitted via the Internet or by telephone must be received by 11:59 p.m. (Eastern Time) on November 16, 2017.

By Mail

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you will need to sign, date and mark your proxy card and return it using the postage-paid return envelope provided. Your proxy card must be received no later than the close of business on November 16, 2017.

In Person

If you hold Scripps shares directly in your name as a shareholder of record (that is, if your Scripps shares are registered in your name with Wells Fargo Shareowner Services, Scripps’ transfer agent), you may vote in

 

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person at the Scripps special meeting. Shareholders of record also may be represented by another person at the Scripps special meeting by executing a proper proxy designating that person.

When a shareholder submits a proxy via the Internet or by telephone, his or her proxy is recorded immediately. We encourage you to register your vote via the Internet or by telephone whenever possible. If you submit a proxy via the Internet or by telephone, please do not return your proxy card by mail. If you attend the meeting, you may also submit your vote in person. Any votes that you previously submitted—whether via the Internet, by telephone or by mail—will be superseded by any vote that you cast at the Scripps special meeting (although attendance at the Scripps special meeting will not by itself revoke a proxy).

Your vote is very important, regardless of the number of shares you own. Whether or not you expect to attend the Scripps special meeting in person, please vote or otherwise submit a proxy to vote your shares as promptly as possible so that your shares may be represented and voted at the Scripps special meeting. If your shares are held in the name of a bank, broker, nominee or other record holder, please follow the instructions on the voting instruction form furnished to you by such record holder.

Revocability of Proxies; Changing Your Vote

You may revoke your proxy or change your vote at any time before your shares are voted at the Scripps special meeting. If you are a shareholder of record at the Scripps record date (the close of business on October 3, 2017), you can revoke your proxy or change your vote by:

 

    sending a signed notice stating that you revoke your proxy to Scripps’ Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary, at Scripps’ offices at 9721 Sherrill Blvd, Knoxville, Tennessee 37932, Attention: Eleni Stratigeas, that bears a date later than the date of the proxy you want to revoke and is received prior to the Scripps special meeting;

 

    submitting a valid, later-dated proxy by Internet, telephone or mail that is received prior to the Scripps special meeting; or

 

    attending the Scripps special meeting (or, if the Scripps special meeting is adjourned or postponed, attending the adjourned or postponed meeting) and voting in person, which will automatically cancel any proxy previously given, or revoking your proxy in person, but your attendance alone will not revoke any proxy previously given.

If you hold your shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record, you must contact your brokerage firm or bank to change your vote or obtain a legal proxy to vote your shares if you wish to cast your vote in person at the Scripps special meeting.

Solicitation of Proxies; Expenses of Solicitation

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is being provided to holders of Scripps shares in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Scripps board to be voted at the Scripps special meeting and at any adjournments or postponements of the Scripps special meeting. Scripps has retained MacKenzie Partners, Inc. for a fee that will not exceed $30,000, plus reimbursement of reasonable out-of-pocket expenses to assist in the solicitation of proxies for the Scripps special meeting.

In addition to solicitation by mail, directors, officers and employees of Scripps or its subsidiaries may solicit proxies from shareholders by telephone, telegram, email, personal interview or other means. Directors, officers and employees of Scripps will not receive additional compensation for their solicitation activities, but may be reimbursed for reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by them in connection with the solicitation. Brokers, dealers, commercial banks, trust companies, fiduciaries, custodians and other nominees have been requested to forward proxy solicitation materials to their customers and such nominees will be reimbursed for their reasonable out-of-pocket expenses.

 

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Householding

The SEC has adopted a rule concerning the delivery of annual reports and proxy statements. It permits Scripps, with your permission, to send a single notice of meeting and, to the extent requested, a single set of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus to any household at which two or more shareholders reside if Scripps believes they are members of the same family. This rule is called “householding,” and its purpose is to help reduce printing and mailing costs of proxy materials.

A number of brokerage firms have instituted householding. If you and members of your household have multiple accounts holding Scripps shares, you may have received a householding notification from your broker. Please contact your broker directly if you have questions, require additional copies of this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus or wish to revoke your decision to household. These options are available to you at any time.

Adjournment

In accordance with Scripps’ amended and restated code of regulations, the Scripps special meeting may be adjourned by the shareholders entitled to vote thereat if a quorum is not present. If the Scripps special meeting is adjourned, shareholders who have already submitted their proxies will be able to revoke them at any time prior to their use.

Other Information

The matters to be considered at the Scripps special meeting are of great importance to the shareholders of Scripps. Accordingly, you are urged to read and carefully consider the information contained in or incorporated by reference into this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and submit your proxy via the Internet or by telephone or complete, date, sign and promptly return the enclosed proxy in the enclosed postage-paid envelope. If you submit your proxy via the Internet or by telephone, you do not need to return the enclosed proxy card.

Assistance

If you need assistance in completing your proxy card or have questions regarding the Scripps special meeting, please contact:

MacKenzie Partners, Inc.

105 Madison Avenue

Telephone Toll-Free: (800) 322-2885

Telephone Call Collect: (212) 929-5500

Email: SNI@mackenziepartners.com

or

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

9721 Sherrill Blvd, Knoxville, TN 37932

Attention: Eleni Stratigeas, Scripps’ Senior Vice President, Business and Legal Affairs and Corporate Secretary

Telephone: (865) 560-3326

Email: estratigeas@scrippsnetworks.com

Scripps Proposals

General

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus is being provided to holders of Scripps shares in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Scripps board to be voted at the Scripps special meeting and at any adjournments or postponements of the Scripps special meeting.

 

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A special meeting of Scripps will be held on November 17, 2017, at the offices of Baker, Donelson, Bearmen, Caldwell & Berkowitz P.C., located at 265 Brookview Centre Way, Suite 600, Knoxville, TN 37919, at 10:00 A.M., New York time, for the following purposes:

 

    To consider and vote on the merger proposal;

 

    To consider and vote on the “golden parachute” compensation proposal; and

 

    To consider and vote on the adjournment proposal.

Scripps Proposal I: Approval of the Merger Proposal

The merger agreement provides for the merger of Merger Sub with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery. The merger will not be completed unless Scripps shareholders approve the merger proposal. A copy of the merger agreement is attached as Annex A to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. You are urged to read the merger agreement in its entirety because it is the legal document that governs the merger. For additional information about the merger, see “The Merger Agreement—Description of the Merger Agreement” and “Transaction Summary—Merger Consideration”.

Upon completion of the merger, each Scripps Class A share and Scripps common share will be converted into the right to receive a certain number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock. Based on the number of Scripps shares outstanding as of the Scripps record date, Discovery expects to issue approximately 157,127,045 million shares of Discovery Series C common stock to Scripps shareholders pursuant to the merger. The actual number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to be issued pursuant to the merger will be determined at completion of the merger based on the exchange ratio and the number of Scripps shares outstanding at such time. Based on the number of Scripps shares outstanding as of the Scripps record date, and the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock outstanding as of the Discovery record date, it is expected that, immediately after completion of the merger, former Scripps shareholders will own approximately 41.8% of the outstanding shares of Discovery Series C common stock, representing 21.7% of the outstanding shares of Discovery.

This vote is a vote separate and apart from the other Scripps proposals on which you may be entitled to vote as detailed in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Accordingly, you may vote to approve this proposal and not to approve another proposal and vice versa.

To approve the merger proposal, (i) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares entitled to vote, (ii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares entitled to vote and (iii) the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares entitled to vote, voting together as a single class, is required. Scripps cannot complete the merger unless both classes of shareholders approve the merger proposal. Because adoption requires the affirmative vote of holders of a majority of the outstanding Scripps Class A shares, a majority of the outstanding Scripps common shares and a majority of the outstanding Scripps shares, voting as a single class, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the merger proposal.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that holders of Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares vote “FOR” the merger proposal.

Scripps Proposal II: Advisory Vote on the “Golden Parachute” Compensation Proposal

Scripps is providing its shareholders with the opportunity to cast an advisory (non-binding) vote to approve the “golden parachute” compensation payments that will or may be made by Scripps to its named executive

 

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officers in connection with the merger, as required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010. This proposal, commonly known as “say-on-golden parachute” and which is referred to in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus as the “golden parachute” compensation proposal, gives Scripps shareholders the opportunity to vote on an advisory (non-binding) basis on the “golden parachute” compensation payments that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger.

The “golden parachute” compensation that Scripps’ named executive officers may be entitled to receive from Scripps in connection with the merger is summarized in the table entitled “Golden Parachute Compensation Disclosure,” under “Transaction Summary—Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers in the Merger”. That summary includes all compensation and benefits that will or may be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger.

The Scripps board encourages you to review carefully the “golden parachute” compensation information disclosed in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that the shareholders of Scripps approve the following resolution:

“RESOLVED, that the shareholders of Scripps approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the compensation that will or may become payable by Scripps to its named executive officers in connection with the merger, as disclosed pursuant to Item 402(t) of Regulation S-K in the Golden Parachute Compensation Disclosure table and the related narrative disclosures.”

The vote on the “golden parachute” compensation proposal is a vote separate and apart from the vote on the approval of the merger proposal. Accordingly, you may vote to approve the merger proposal and vote not to approve the “golden parachute” compensation proposal and vice versa. Because the vote on the “golden parachute” compensation proposal is advisory only, it will not be binding on either Scripps or Discovery. Accordingly, if the merger is completed, the compensation payments that are contractually required to be paid by Scripps to its named executive officers will remain in place, subject only to the existing conditions applicable thereto, regardless of the outcome of the advisory (non-binding) vote of Scripps shareholders.

The affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares at the Scripps special meeting is required to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the “golden parachute” compensation proposal.

Scripps Proposal III: Scripps Special Meeting Adjournment Proposal

Scripps shareholders are being asked to approve a proposal that will give the Scripps board authority to adjourn the Scripps special meeting one or more times if necessary to solicit additional proxies if there are not sufficient votes to approve the merger proposal at the time of the Scripps special meeting. If this proposal is approved, the Scripps special meeting could be adjourned to any date. If the Scripps special meeting is adjourned, Scripps shareholders who have already submitted their proxies will be able to revoke them at any time prior to their use. If you sign and return a proxy and do not indicate how you wish to vote on any proposal, or if you indicate that you wish to vote in favor of the approval of the merger agreement but do not indicate a choice on the adjournment proposal, your shares will be voted in favor of the adjournment proposal. But if you indicate that you wish to vote against the approval of the merger agreement, your shares will only be voted in favor of the adjournment proposal if you indicate that you wish to vote in favor of that proposal.

 

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This vote is a vote separate and apart from the other Scripps proposals on which you may be entitled to vote as detailed in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Accordingly, you may vote to approve this proposal and not to approve another proposal and vice versa.

To approve the adjournment proposal, the affirmative vote of a majority of the votes cast at the Scripps special meeting by holders of Scripps common shares is required. An abstention is not considered a vote cast. Accordingly, a Scripps shareholder’s abstention from voting, the failure of a Scripps shareholder who holds his or her shares in “street name” through a bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record to give voting instructions to that bank, brokerage firm, nominee or other holder of record or a Scripps shareholder’s other failure to vote will have no effect on the proposal.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the adjournment proposal.

 

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TRANSACTION SUMMARY

Parties to the Transaction

Discovery Communications, Inc.

Discovery was formed on September 17, 2008 as a Delaware corporation in connection with Discovery Holding Company, which we refer to as “DHC”, and Advance/Newhouse combining their respective ownership interests in Discovery Communications Holding, LLC, which we refer to as “DCH”, and exchanging those interests with and into Discovery, which we refer to as the “Discovery formation”. As a result of the Discovery formation, DHC and DCH became wholly-owned subsidiaries of Discovery, with Discovery becoming the successor reporting entity to DHC.

Discovery is a global media company that provides content across multiple distribution platforms, including linear platforms such as pay-television, which we refer to as “pay-TV”, free-to-air, which we refer to as “FTA” and broadcast television, and various digital distribution platforms around the world. Discovery also enters into content licensing agreements. Discovery provides original and purchased content and live events to more than 2.8 billion cumulative viewers worldwide through networks that Discovery wholly or partially owns. Discovery distributes customized content in the U.S. and over 220 other countries and territories in over 40 languages. Discovery’s global portfolio of networks includes prominent nonfiction television brands such as Discovery Channel, its most widely distributed global brand, TLC, Investigation Discovery, Animal Planet, Science and Velocity (known as Turbo outside of the U.S.). Discovery’s portfolio also includes Eurosport, which it acquired in 2014 and is a leading sports entertainment provider across Europe, as well as Discovery Kids, a leading children’s entertainment brand in Latin America. Discovery also operates a portfolio of websites, digital direct-to-consumer products, production studios and curriculum-based education products and services.

Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series C common stock are listed on the NASDAQ under the symbols “DISCA”, “DISCB” and “DISCK”, respectively.

Discovery’s principal executive office is located at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 (telephone number: (240) 662-2000).

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Discovery from other documents that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. For a list of the documents that are incorporated by reference, see “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Documents by Reference”.

Scripps Networks Interactive, Inc.

Scripps is a leading developer of engaging lifestyle content in the home, food and travel categories for television, the internet and emerging platforms. Scripps’ U.S. lifestyle portfolio comprises popular television and internet brands HGTV, DIY Network, Food Network, Cooking Channel, Travel Channel and Great American Country.

The international operations of Scripps include TVN, Poland’s premier multi-platform company; UKTV, an independent commercial joint venture with BBC Worldwide; Asian Food Channel, the first pan-regional TV food network in Asia; and lifestyle channel Fine Living Network. Scripps’ global networks and websites reach millions of consumers across North and South America, Asia, Europe, Australia, the Middle East and Africa.

Scripps is focused on strengthening its networks and expanding its reach, including in both the digital arena and international market. As part of its effort to expand in the digital arena, Scripps launched Scripps Lifestyle Studios in the fourth quarter of 2015.

 

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Scripps was incorporated as an Ohio corporation on October 23, 2007, and Scripps and its predecessors have been in the cable programming business for over 23 years in various legal forms. The principal trading market for Scripps Class A shares (NASDAQ: SNI) is the NASDAQ.

Scripps is headquartered in Knoxville, Tennessee. Scripps’ principal executive offices are located at 9721 Sherrill Blvd., Knoxville, Tennessee 37932; its telephone number is (865) 694-2700; and its website is www.scrippsnetworksinteractive.com.

This Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about Scripps from other documents that are not included in or delivered with this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. For a list of the documents that are incorporated by reference, see “Where You Can Find More Information”.

Skylight Merger Sub, Inc.

Merger Sub was formed solely for the purpose of consummating the merger. Merger Sub has not carried on any activities to date, except for activities incidental to its formation and activities undertaken in connection with the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

Merger Sub’s principal executive office is located at One Discovery Place, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910 (telephone number: (240) 662-2000).

Description of the Merger

Discovery, Merger Sub and Scripps have entered into the merger agreement, a copy of which is attached as Annex A to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. Subject to the terms and conditions of the merger agreement and in accordance with applicable law, Merger Sub will be merged with and into Scripps, with Scripps continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery. Upon completion of the merger, Scripps will be a wholly-owned subsidiary of Discovery, and Scripps Class A shares will be delisted from the NASDAQ and deregistered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which we refer as the “Exchange Act”.

A copy of the merger agreement is attached as Annex A to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. You should read the merger agreement carefully because it is the legal document that governs the merger.

Background of the Transaction

Background of the Merger

The boards of directors and senior management teams of each of Scripps and Discovery regularly review their respective company’s performance, future growth prospects and overall strategic direction, as well as developments in the industry in which the companies operate, and consider potential opportunities to strengthen their respective businesses and enhance stockholder value. For each company, these reviews have included consideration of potential transactions involving third parties that would further its strategic objectives and the potential benefits and risks of those transactions in light of, among other things, the business environment facing the industries in which they operate and each company’s competitive position. In addition, from time to time, members of the senior management teams of Scripps and Discovery meet with the senior management of other companies within the industries in which they operate, including each other, to discuss industry developments and potential strategic transactions.

From September 2013 to January 2014, Scripps and Discovery engaged in discussions regarding industry developments, each company’s business and a potential business combination of Scripps and Discovery. However, such discussions did not result in the parties further pursuing a potential business combination at that time.

 

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In connection with Scripps’ regular review of its performance, future growth prospects and overall strategic direction, Scripps engaged Allen & Company as financial advisor to Scripps in March 2016 to assist Scripps in formulating an overall plan for its corporate and financial development. Scripps’ formulation and execution of its plan for its corporate and financial development continued through the following year.

From late June 2016 to early September 2016, Scripps and an international telecommunications and media company, which we refer to as Company A, engaged in discussions regarding industry developments, each company’s business and a potential business combination between Scripps and Company A. During the course of such discussions, the parties agreed that it would be beneficial for the companies to enter into a confidentiality agreement to facilitate the continued discussions on those topics and the exchange of information. On August 13, 2016, Scripps and Company A signed a confidentiality agreement and representatives of Company A were provided access to an online data room established by Scripps. The discussions regarding a potential business combination were preliminary in nature and did not continue beyond early September 2016.

On March 22, 2017, Ken Lowe, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Scripps, met with a senior representative of an international telecommunications and media company, which we refer to as Company B, to discuss recent industry developments, consolidation within the media and telecommunications industry and the challenges facing each company. At the conclusion of such discussions, the parties agreed that it would be beneficial for the companies to enter into a confidentiality agreement to facilitate the continued discussions on those topics and the exchange of information.

On April 11, 2017, Scripps and Company B entered into a confidentiality agreement, following which representatives of Scripps prepared various due diligence materials for Company B and provided such materials to representatives of Company B.

On May 19, 2017, Mr. Lowe met with a senior representative of an international media company, which we refer to as Company C, following an earlier meeting between the Company C senior representative and Jim Samples, the Scripps President, International, regarding potential international partnerships between Scripps and Company C. The conversation between Mr. Lowe and the senior representative of Company C primarily focused on the cable television industry generally. Mr. Lowe and the senior representative of Company C also discussed potential business combinations, including a potential strategic transaction involving Scripps and Company C. Mr. Lowe explained that Scripps was not for sale and that the Scripps board and management remained excited about Scripps’ business plan and were focused on executing that plan. However, the Scripps board would consider a compelling proposal from Company C.

On June 2, 2017, David Zaslav, President and Chief Executive Officer of Discovery, contacted Mr. Lowe to discuss industry developments and each company’s business and to inquire whether Scripps might be interested in a potential business combination with Discovery. Mr. Lowe explained that Scripps was not for sale and that the Scripps board and management remained excited about Scripps’ business plan and were focused on executing that plan. However, the Scripps board would consider a compelling proposal from Discovery.

On June 9, 2017, Mr. Lowe and certain senior representatives from Scripps met with certain senior representatives of Company B and provided an overview of Scripps’ business to the representatives of Company B. During this meeting, the attendees also discussed a potential transaction involving Scripps and Company B but did not discuss the form of consideration, structure or transaction value.

On June 12, 2017, Mr. Zaslav called Mr. Lowe regarding the continuation of discussions regarding a potential strategic transaction involving Discovery and Scripps. During the course of such discussions, Mr. Zaslav stated that Discovery intended to send a letter to Scripps reflecting Discovery’s interest in a potential strategic business combination of Scripps and Discovery involving consideration that would be comprised of approximately fifty percent (50%) cash and fifty percent (50%) Discovery common stock or possibly sixty percent (60%) cash and forty percent (40%) Discovery common stock. Mr. Lowe explained that Scripps was not

 

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for sale and that the Scripps board and management remained excited about Scripps’ business plan and were focused on executing that plan. However, the Scripps board would consider a compelling proposal from Discovery.

Also on June 12, 2017, Mr. Lowe received a call from a senior representative of Company C regarding continuing discussions regarding a potential strategic transaction between Scripps and Company C. The Company C representative informed Mr. Lowe that Company C was interested in a potential strategic transaction with Scripps and that Company C expected that such a transaction would involve all-cash consideration, although no specific price was discussed.

On June 14, 2017, the Scripps board held a telephonic meeting with representatives of Scripps’ outside counsel, Weil Gotshal & Manges LLP, which we refer to as Weil, participating. During this meeting, Mr. Lowe provided an update to the Scripps board regarding Scripps’ business and performance, the current financial quarter (and potential impact of such quarterly performance on full-year financial results) and the conversations with Mr. Zaslav and representatives of Company B and Company C. Following Mr. Lowe’s update and a discussion of such conversations, the Scripps board directed Mr. Lowe to hold additional discussions with Mr. Zaslav and representatives of Company B and Company C and determined that Scripps also would engage J.P. Morgan as a financial advisor to Scripps to assist, together with Allen & Company, Scripps in evaluating a potential transaction with a third party. J.P. Morgan was subsequently so engaged.

On June 15, 2017, the Discovery board held a telephonic meeting with representatives of Discovery management participating. During that meeting, Discovery management provided an update to the Discovery board on discussions between Mr. Zaslav and Mr. Lowe, and initial financial and valuation considerations regarding a potential business combination between Scripps and Discovery, as well as perspectives on the strategic rationale for such a transaction. The Discovery board discussed sending a non-binding letter to Scripps to initiate due diligence and discussions regarding a potential transaction.

On June 20, 2017, Mr. Lowe spoke by telephone with Mr. Zaslav regarding Discovery’s continued interest in a potential transaction involving Scripps and Discovery. Mr. Zaslav indicated that a letter outlining a potential strategic transaction would be forthcoming, but would not contain information regarding a proposed purchase price, as Discovery needed to undertake a due diligence review of Scripps.

Also on June 20, 2017, a representative of Weil received a telephone call from a representative of Company C regarding Company C’s plan to submit a letter to Scripps reflecting Company C’s interest in a potential transaction involving Scripps and Company C and the substance of the letter. The Company C representative indicated that the letter would not contain information regarding a proposed purchase price given that Company C had yet to complete its due diligence review of Scripps.

On June 21, 2017, Scripps received a letter from Discovery reflecting Discovery’s interest in discussing a potential transaction involving Scripps and Discovery, which we refer to as the June 21 Discovery Letter. The June 21 Discovery Letter contemplated a potential combination of Discovery and Scripps for cash consideration and shares of Discovery stock at an exchange ratio to be agreed upon. The letter stated that Discovery had some flexibility on the cash and stock consideration mix. The June 21 Discovery Letter also included a request that Scripps and Discovery enter into a mutually agreeable confidentiality agreement to facilitate the exchange of confidential information between the parties.

On June 26, 2017, Mr. Lowe called Mr. Zaslav in response to the June 21 Discovery Letter regarding a potential business combination involving Scripps and Discovery. Mr. Zaslav informed Mr. Lowe that, subject to due diligence, the purchase price for a transaction would reflect a fifteen percent (15%) to twenty percent (20%) premium to Scripps’ then-current stock price. Mr. Zaslav indicated his expectation that tax deferral on a portion of the merger consideration would be desirable to Scripps shareholders and explained that Discovery would prefer that any transaction consideration be comprised of fifty percent (50%) cash consideration and fifty percent (50%) stock consideration. However, Mr. Zaslav added that this ratio could be adjusted to approximately

 

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two-thirds cash and one-third stock, or one-third cash and two-thirds stock, if preferred by Scripps. Later that day, Mr. Lowe sent a letter to the Scripps board updating the board on the contents of the June 21 Discovery Letter and Mr. Lowe’s conversation earlier that day with Mr. Zaslav.

On June 27, 2017, Scripps and Discovery entered into a confidentiality agreement to facilitate the exchange of confidential information and further discussions regarding a potential strategic transaction.

Also on June 27, 2017, a representative of Weil received a call from a representative of Company C to discuss Company C’s interest in a potential strategic transaction with Scripps. During this discussion, the Weil representative explained that Scripps was not actively pursuing a transaction, but would carefully consider any proposals received. He added that the Scripps board would not authorize further discussions or any due diligence review unless Company C provided an indication with respect to price.

On June 28, 2017, Mr. Lowe had a call with a representative of Company C during which the Company C representative informed Mr. Lowe that, subject to a due diligence review and the consideration of potential synergies in a business combination, Company C expected to propose a purchase price reflecting a premium of between twenty percent (20%) and thirty percent (30%) to the then-current trading price of Scripps Class A shares.

Also on June 28, 2017, Mr. Lowe called a senior representative of Company A to inquire whether Company A might be interested in renewing discussions regarding a potential business combination between Scripps and Company A. The Company A representative thanked Mr. Lowe for the call, but declined to renew discussions with Scripps regarding a potential strategic transaction stating that such a transaction did not align with Company A’s current strategic focus.

On June 29, 2017, Mr. Lowe had a call with a representative of Company B, during which the representative informed Mr. Lowe that Company B would not continue to engage in discussions with Scripps regarding a potential strategic transaction because Company B had determined that such a transaction did not align with Company B’s current strategic focus.

On June 30, 2017, Company C delivered a letter to Scripps requesting that Scripps enter into a confidentiality agreement with Company C to facilitate Company C’s due diligence review of Scripps, which we refer to as the June 30 Company C Letter. The June 30 Company C Letter provided that, following Company C’s preliminary due diligence review, Company C anticipated providing a non-binding proposal that would address Company C’s preliminary views on both purchase price and transaction structure. The June 30 Company C Letter also noted Company C’s view that precedent transactions involving publicly held media companies would support a transaction premium of ten percent (10%) to thirty percent (30%) over trailing average trading prices.

Also on June 30, 2017, the Scripps board met telephonically, with representatives of Scripps management and Weil in attendance, to discuss potential strategic alternatives available to Scripps and the parties with which Scripps had discussions regarding a potential transaction and/or that provided an expression of interest to Scripps. Representatives of Scripps management provided a business update to the board, following which Mr. Lowe provided an update to the board regarding interactions with Discovery, Company B and Company C, including a summary of the substance of such interactions, a brief overview of the business and trading performance of each of Discovery and Company C and identification of certain potential benefits of a combination with each of Discovery and Company C. Representatives from Weil provided an overview of the directors’ fiduciary duties under Ohio law. The Scripps board asked questions of Mr. Lowe and the representatives of Weil and, after discussion of the responses received, the Scripps board determined that it would be in the best interests of Scripps and its shareholders for management to continue to execute on Scripps’ business plan while also engaging in additional discussions with Discovery and Company C regarding a potential strategic transaction involving Scripps.

 

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On July 6, 2017, Scripps and Company C entered into a confidentiality agreement to facilitate the exchange of confidential information.

Also on July 6, 2017, representatives of Scripps management discussed Scripps’ business at Weil’s offices in New York with representatives of Discovery management in attendance, as well as Discovery’s and Scripps’ respective legal and financial advisors. Following a review of Scripps’ business, Discovery and Scripps management and their respective legal and financial advisors discussed the terms of a potential strategic transaction involving Scripps and Discovery, during which Discovery’s representatives stated that Discovery contemplated proposing consideration comprised of a combination of cash and stock, with up to sixty percent (60%) of the consideration comprised of cash, which we refer to as the July 6 Discovery proposal. Following a question from Discovery’s management regarding the potential to offer tax deferral on a portion of the merger consideration, Scripps’ representatives did not indicate a preference for any particular mix of consideration and informed Discovery’s representatives that Discovery should propose the best possible deal for Scripps shareholders.

On July 7, 2017, Mr. Lowe provided an update to the Scripps board regarding the July 6th meeting with Discovery and Mr. Lowe’s impression of Discovery’s reactions, and updated the board on details of the July 6 Discovery proposal and related discussions with Mr. Zaslav. Mr. Lowe also informed the Scripps board that meetings with representatives of Discovery and Company C were being scheduled during the Allen & Company conference in Sun Valley, Idaho occurring the following week.

On July 10, 2017, representatives of Scripps management discussed Scripps’ business with Company C at Weil’s offices in New York with representatives from Company C’s management in attendance, as well as representatives from Scripps’ and Company C’s respective legal and financial advisors. In response to questions from representatives of Scripps, representatives of Company C stated that Company C had received confirmation from its financing sources that it would be able to obtain the necessary financing to complete an all-cash acquisition and proposed an accelerated timeline to achieve a fully-financed bid by July 17, 2017.

Also on July 10, 2017, representatives of Weil spoke with representatives of Kirkland & Ellis LLP, legal counsel to the Scripps family, which we refer to as Kirkland, during which discussions Weil provided an update to Kirkland regarding the process and meetings held to date. Later that day, Discovery was given access to an online data room established by Scripps. The next day, in accordance with Scripps’ directives, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan provided a similar update regarding the process to Evercore Group L.L.C., the Scripps family’s financial advisor, which we refer to as Evercore.

Beginning on July 11, 2017 and continuing during the following three weeks, members of Scripps’ management team continued to respond to information requests and conducted due diligence calls with representatives of Discovery and Company C regarding legal, financial and business matters.

Also on July 11, 2017, Mr. Lowe spoke with Mr. Zaslav to inform him that there were other parties that had expressed an interest in a transaction with Scripps and that Scripps was engaging in discussions with such parties.

On July 12, 2017, Mr. Lowe met with Mr. Zaslav and John Malone, a member of the Discovery board and significant stockholder of Discovery, while attending the Allen & Company conference in Sun Valley, Idaho, to discuss the potential strategic transaction involving Scripps and Discovery. This discussion was general in nature and did not include a discussion of a potential purchase price.

Also on July 12, 2017, Mr. Lowe met with representatives of Company C while attending the Allen & Company conference to discuss the potential strategic transaction involving Scripps and Company C, which we refer to as the July 12 Company C meeting. The July 12 Company C meeting was general in nature and did not include a discussion of a potential purchase price. Later that day, Company C was given access to an online data room established by Scripps.

 

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On July 13, 2017, the Discovery board met telephonically with representatives of Discovery management and Discovery’s outside counsel, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, which we refer to as Debevoise, present to discuss Discovery’s due diligence review of Scripps to date, initial financing considerations, and updated financial and valuation considerations regarding a potential business combination between Scripps and Discovery, as well as perspectives on the strategic rationale for such a transaction and the contents of a letter Mr. Zaslav would send to Mr. Lowe conveying a revised non-binding proposal regarding the potential transaction.

Also on July 13, 2017, following the Discovery board meeting, Mr. Zaslav sent a letter to Mr. Lowe reflecting an updated non-binding proposal to acquire Scripps for a purchase price between $78.50 and $80.00 per share, representing a premium of approximately seventeen percent (17%) to nineteen percent (19%) relative to Scripps’ closing stock price of $67.14 as of July 12, 2017, which we refer to as the July 13 Discovery proposal. The July 13 Discovery proposal stated that Discovery envisioned that the merger consideration would be comprised of up to sixty percent (60%) cash and forty percent (40%) Discovery Series C common stock, with the amount of such common stock consideration determined based on a fixed exchange ratio to be set just prior to the signing of a merger agreement.

On July 14, 2017, in accordance with Scripps’ directives, representatives of Allen & Company informed a representative of Company C that there were other parties that had expressed an interest in a transaction with Scripps and that Scripps was engaging in discussions with such parties.

On July 15, 2017, a representative of Company C contacted Mr. Lowe via email in order to reiterate the views expressed during the July 12 Company C meeting regarding the cultural similarities of Scripps and Company C and to express Company C’s continued desire to pursue a transaction involving Scripps and Company C.

On July 17, 2017, Company C sent a letter to Mr. Lowe containing a non-binding proposal for Company C to acquire Scripps for a purchase price of $84.50 per share, with the merger consideration comprised of 100% cash and no conditionality related to Company C’s ability to obtain the financing necessary to fund the transaction.

On July 18, 2017, the Wall Street Journal reported that Discovery was in discussions with Scripps regarding a possible transaction. Mr. Zaslav spoke telephonically with Mr. Lowe regarding the Wall Street Journal report and expressed concern regarding further market rumors relating to the potential transaction.

On July 19, 2017, the Scripps board met at Weil’s New York office, with representatives from Weil, Allen & Company, and J.P. Morgan in attendance, which we refer to as the July 19 Scripps board meeting. Mr. Lowe updated the Scripps board regarding the non-binding indications of interest received from, and other interactions with, Discovery and Company C. Weil reviewed with the Scripps board the directors’ fiduciary duties under Ohio law and the applicable standard of review if a decision by the Scripps board were to be challenged, the Scripps shareholder vote required to approve a transaction and certain customary transaction terms that Weil anticipated would be included in any merger agreement executed by Scripps, including customary restrictions on the ability of the Scripps board to solicit alternative proposals from third parties following signing of the merger agreement, the right of the Scripps board to change its recommendation to Scripps shareholders in certain circumstances, the right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, the application of material adverse effect provisions in the context of a strategic transaction and the antitrust review process in the United States. Lori Hickok, Scripps’ Chief Financial Officer, provided a financial update to the Scripps board and reviewed the long-range projections for Scripps’ business, which previously had been reviewed with the Scripps board. Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan discussed (i) certain financial aspects of Company C’s proposal, including the financing contemplated by Company C and, based on publicly available information, an overview of Company C’s operating segments and illustrative credit rating impact on Company C of financing a higher purchase price and (ii) certain financial aspects of Discovery’s proposal, including an illustrative overview of Discovery’s ability to

 

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pay an increased purchase price with a greater cash component. The Scripps board then directed Scripps management and Scripps’ advisors to request enhanced bids from Discovery and Company C and to inform Discovery that such an enhanced bid should not be constrained by any requirements necessary to achieve tax deferral, but rather should maximize the value to Scripps shareholders.

Also on July 19, 2017, Weil called Kirkland to provide an update with respect to the outcome of the July 19 Scripps board meeting and to provide a general update on matters to date and anticipated next steps. In accordance with Scripps’ directives, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan provided a similar update to Evercore.

Also on July 19, 2017, in accordance with Scripps’ directives, representatives of Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan informed representatives of Company C that Weil would deliver a draft merger agreement to Company C on July 20, 2017 with a request that Company C submit its best non-binding proposal on July 23, 2017 along with a markup of the merger agreement, and gave no assurance of Scripps continuing discussions with Company C should Scripps receive a more favorable proposal from another party.

Later that day, in accordance with Scripps’ directives, representatives of Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan contacted representatives of Guggenheim Securities to inform Discovery that Weil would deliver a draft merger agreement reflecting cash and stock merger consideration on July 20, 2017 with a request that Discovery submit its best non-binding proposal on July 23, 2017 along with a markup of the merger agreement, and gave no assurance of Scripps continuing discussions with Discovery should Scripps receive a more favorable proposal from another party. Following that conversation, Guggenheim Securities contacted Goldman Sachs to update Goldman Sachs regarding the conversation with the representatives of Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan.

On July 20, 2017, the Discovery board met telephonically, with representatives of Discovery management and Debevoise present, to discuss the status of discussions between Discovery and Scripps regarding a potential business combination and updated due diligence, financial and valuation considerations regarding a potential transaction, as well as perspectives on the strategic rationale for such a transaction.

Also on July 20, 2017, Weil delivered a draft merger agreement to Company C’s outside legal counsel. The draft merger agreement reflected all-cash merger consideration, the obligation of Company C to divest any assets required in order to obtain regulatory approval of the transaction, the ability of the Scripps board to change its recommendation to Scripps shareholders in certain circumstances, the ability of Scripps to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal and a Scripps termination fee equal to 1.5% of the equity value of Scripps. Later that day, Weil also delivered a draft merger agreement to Debevoise. The draft merger agreement reflected a mix of cash and stock consideration with the right of Scripps shareholders to elect mixed consideration, cash consideration or stock consideration (subject to proration), a forward triangular merger structure, a “collar” mechanism with the percentage range to be agreed upon, the obligation of Discovery to divest any assets required in order to obtain regulatory approval of the transaction, the ability of the Scripps board to change its recommendation to Scripps shareholders in certain circumstances, the ability of Scripps to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal and a Scripps termination fee equal to 1.5% of the equity value of Scripps.

On July 21, 2017, representatives of Discovery management met with representatives of Scripps and discussed Discovery’s business, the potential benefits of a combination of the two companies and certain follow-up due diligence items required by Discovery in order to complete its due diligence review of Scripps.

On July 22, 2017, Weil, Debevoise, Discovery and Scripps spoke telephonically to address certain of Discovery’s due diligence questions regarding legal matters relating to Scripps and to allow Scripps to conduct a reverse due diligence review of Discovery. During the call, Discovery disclosed that the cash portion of the merger consideration would require that Discovery’s lenders consent to a waiver of the leverage covenant under Discovery’s existing credit facility.

 

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Also on July 22, 2017, Weil delivered to Company C’s outside legal counsel a draft voting agreement prepared by Kirkland on behalf of the Scripps family, which we refer to as the family voting agreement.

On July 23, 2017, Company C submitted a non-binding offer letter contemplating an all-cash purchase price per share of Scripps stock of $84.75, which we refer to as the July 23 Company C offer. Company C also submitted a markup of the merger agreement and family voting agreement which, among other things, added an obligation on the part of all of the members of the Scripps family to sign a voting agreement in support of the merger, deleted the right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, increased Scripps’ termination fee to three percent (3%) of the equity value of Scripps, and significantly enhanced the covenants restricting Scripps’ operation of the business between signing and closing.

Also on July 23, 2017, the Discovery board met telephonically with representatives of Discovery management, Debevoise, Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs present, to discuss the components of its revised bid and updated due diligence, financing, financial and valuation considerations regarding a potential business combination with Scripps, as well as perspectives on the strategic rationale for such a transaction.

Also on July 23, 2017, Discovery submitted a non-binding offer letter contemplating stock and cash consideration totaling a purchase price per share of Scripps stock equal to $90.00, reflecting seventy percent (70%) cash consideration and thirty percent (30%) stock consideration. Discovery also submitted a markup of the merger agreement and a draft family voting agreement which, among other things, included an obligation on the part of the Scripps family to sign a voting agreement in support of the merger, changed the merger structure to a reverse triangular merger, suggested striking the election mechanism given that the transaction would be taxable to the Scripps shareholders, proposed a symmetrical collar with a variance between ten percent (10%) and fifteen percent (15%), with the final percentage subject to continued due diligence, proposed the rollover of Scripps’ equity awards with respect to the stock portion of the merger consideration, deleted the ability of Scripps to issue its regular dividend, deleted Scripps’ right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, increased Scripps’ termination fee to four percent (4%) of the equity value of Scripps, added an expense reimbursement obligation equal to one percent (1%) of the equity value of Scripps if the Scripps shareholder vote was not obtained (which would not be credited against Scripps’ termination fee) and enhanced the covenants restricting Scripps’ operation of the business between signing and closing. Discovery’s comments to the merger agreement did not address the potential risk that Discovery would be unable to obtain financing at closing in the event that the lenders under Discovery’s existing credit facility did not consent to an amendment to such facility or waiver to address the leverage ratio.

On July 24, 2017, a telephonic meeting of the Scripps board was held with representatives from Scripps’ management, Weil, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan in attendance, which we refer to as the July 24 board meeting. During the July 24 board meeting, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan reviewed certain financial aspects of the revised proposals from Discovery and Company C, including the potential for the proposed collar reflected in Discovery’s proposal to mitigate some of the risk associated with changes in the trading price of Discovery’s stock, and Weil reviewed certain points raised in Discovery’s and Company C’s respective markups of the merger agreements, including the lender consent relating to Discovery’s proposal. At the conclusion of the July 24 meeting, the Scripps board directed Scripps management and Scripps’ advisors to pursue the proposed transaction with Discovery.

Also on July 24, 2017, Weil called Kirkland to provide an update with respect to the outcome of the July 24 board meeting and to provide a general update on matters to date and anticipated next steps. In accordance with Scripps’ directives, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan provided a similar update to Evercore. That same day, Weil also spoke with Debevoise by phone to review certain points raised in Discovery’s markup of the merger agreement.

On the morning of July 25, 2017, CNBC reported that Company C and Discovery were both bidding for Scripps and that the purchase price could reach $90.00 per share. Later that morning, a representative of

 

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Company C’s financial advisor contacted a representative of J.P. Morgan to express Company C’s continued interest in a potential acquisition of Scripps. The representative of Company C’s financial advisor did not provide a revised purchase price from the July 23 Company C offer. Later that day, a representative of Company C’s senior management contacted a representative of Weil to discuss Company C’s continued interest in pursuing a transaction with Scripps. This representative did not provide a revised purchase price from the July 23 Company C offer, citing concerns that Company C’s price would be disclosed to a competing bidder. The representative suggested that if Mr. Lowe and a member of Company C’s senior management team were to speak, Company C would likely be able to propose a purchase price higher than that reflected in the July 23 Company C offer.

Also on July 25, 2017, the Scripps family held a meeting in Denver to review the proposals from Company C and Discovery and to consider whether the family would be supportive of either proposal. During the meeting, representatives of Scripps management, Kirkland and Evercore each reviewed aspects of the proposals with the family members in attendance. At the conclusion of the Scripps family meeting, the Scripps family confirmed to Scripps management that it approved of pursuing a potential transaction on the terms proposed and supported Scripps management and the Scripps board in seeking the most favorable terms achievable.

During the evening of July 25, 2017, Weil delivered revised drafts of the merger agreement and voting agreement to Debevoise. The draft family voting agreement provided that it would terminate upon a change of recommendation by the Scripps board. The draft merger agreement retained the right of Scripps shareholders to elect to receive mixed consideration, cash consideration or stock consideration (subject to proration), reinserted the ability of Scripps to issue its regular dividend, reinserted Scripps’ right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, reduced Scripps’ termination fee to 1.5% of Scripps’ equity value, provided for the holders of Scripps equity awards to receive all-cash consideration, and proposed a cap on Discovery’s ability to draw down on its revolver until the lenders under its credit facility consented to an amendment addressing the leverage ratio covenant.

Also during the evening of July 25, 2017, in accordance with Scripps’ directives, representatives of Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan spoke telephonically with representatives of Discovery to discuss certain open points. During the course of this discussion, Discovery stated that it would agree to remove the restriction on Scripps’ ordinary course dividend, accept Scripps’ right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, accept the termination of the family voting agreement on a change of recommendation, reduce Scripps’ termination fee to three percent (3%) of Scripps’ equity value plus payment of $25 million in expenses in the event of a Scripps shareholder vote against the adoption of the merger agreement, and agree to a symmetrical 12.5% collar, provided that Discovery had the right to settle any decline in the value of Discovery’s share price below the midpoint of the collar by paying additional cash consideration in lieu of additional shares of Discovery Series C common stock.

On July 26, 2017, representatives of Debevoise delivered a revised draft of the merger agreement to Weil. The draft merger agreement added Discovery’s right to settle any decline in the value of Discovery’s share price below the midpoint of the collar by paying additional cash consideration in lieu of additional Discovery shares, reinserted the rollover of Scripps’ equity awards with respect to the stock portion of the merger consideration, added a right for Discovery to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances, provided that the expense reimbursement obligation would not be credited against Scripps’ termination fee and enhanced the covenants restricting Scripps’ operation of the business between signing and closing.

Also on July 26, 2017, a senior representative from Company C spoke with Mr. Lowe by phone to discuss an increase in the purchase price offered by Company C and indicated that Company C was prepared to increase its offer to the “high $80s approaching $90.00.” Mr. Lowe informed the Company C representative that Scripps would consider any price increase submitted in writing; however, the Company C representative did not indicate whether a written offer reflecting a purchase price increase would be submitted. Following this conversation, the Scripps board held a telephonic meeting during which Mr. Lowe provided an update to the board regarding the

 

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conversation with the senior representative of Company C, the feedback received from the Scripps family during the July 25th meeting and the status of negotiations with Discovery. The Scripps board requested that Mr. Lowe keep the board informed of any written proposal received from Company C and directed Mr. Lowe and Scripps management to proceed with negotiations with Discovery. The Scripps board also noted that if Company C submitted a revised proposal, the Scripps board would convene promptly to consider such revised proposal.

During the evening of July 26, 2017, another representative of Company C called a representative of Weil regarding Company C’s continued interest in a transaction with Scripps. The Company C representative referred to the earlier call with Mr. Lowe and confirmed that Company C could offer $90.00 per share and possibly more with further Company C board approval, but expressed concern that any such proposal not be disclosed to other bidders. The Weil representative confirmed that any proposal received from Company C would be kept confidential and would not be disclosed to any other bidders. The Weil representative also indicated that the Scripps board required a written proposal and that Scripps would consider any further proposal by Company C delivered in writing, but could not commit to a course of action in response to such a proposal. Company C did not thereafter deliver a written proposal to Scripps.

On July 28, 2017, representatives of Weil delivered a revised draft of the merger agreement to Debevoise. The draft merger agreement retained the right of Scripps shareholders to elect to receive either cash or stock consideration (subject to proration), reinserted the right of holders of Scripps equity awards to receive all cash consideration and deleted Discovery’s right to terminate the merger agreement to enter into an agreement for a superior proposal in certain circumstances.

Beginning on July 28, 2017 and continuing through July 30, 2017, representatives of Weil and Debevoise exchanged drafts of the merger agreement and the related disclosure schedules and held several discussions regarding the remaining open drafting points, including the provisions of the merger agreement relating to Scripps’ conduct of business following the signing of the merger agreement and the consummation of the merger.

On July 29, 2017, the Discovery board held a special telephonic meeting with representatives of Discovery management, Debevoise, Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs in attendance. Mr. Gould informed the members of the Discovery board that, while he would not receive any compensation from Allen & Company in connection with the proposed transaction and had not participated in Allen & Company’s representation of Scripps, he believed it appropriate to abstain from voting on the proposed transaction given his position as a managing director of Allen & Company. Representatives of Debevoise reviewed the directors’ fiduciary duties and other legal matters in connection with the Discovery board’s consideration of the transaction with Scripps, including the proposed terms of the merger agreement that had been negotiated between the parties. Representatives of Discovery management discussed updated due diligence, financial and valuation considerations concerning a potential business combination with Scripps, as well as perspectives on the strategic rationale for such a transaction and the proposed terms of the debt financing structure for the transaction and the debt commitment letter to be provided by Goldman Sachs Lending Entities. Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs then reviewed with the Discovery board their financial analyses of the merger consideration, and each separately rendered an oral opinion, confirmed by delivery by each of a written opinion dated July 30, 2017, to the Discovery board to the effect that, as of that date and based on and subject to various assumptions, limitations and qualifications described in the respective opinions, the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Class A shares and Scripps common shares pursuant to the merger agreement was fair from a financial point of view to Discovery.

After discussion, the Discovery board (i) determined that the terms of the merger agreement, the merger and the transactions contemplated thereby were fair to, and in the best interests of, Discovery and its stockholders, (ii) approved and declared advisable the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated thereby and (iii) resolved to recommend that Discovery’s stockholders vote in favor of the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock in connection with the merger and directed that such matter be submitted for consideration of Discovery’s stockholders at a special meeting of holders of Discovery capital stock.

 

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On July 29, 2017, the Scripps board held a special telephonic meeting with representatives of Scripps management, Weil, Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan in attendance. Representatives of Weil reviewed the directors’ fiduciary duties and other legal matters in connection with the Scripps board’s consideration of the transaction with Discovery, including the proposed terms of the merger agreement that had been negotiated between the parties and the status of the previously open points in the merger agreement. Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan then reviewed with the Scripps board their financial analyses of the merger consideration, and each separately rendered an oral opinion, confirmed by delivery by each of a written opinion dated July 29, 2017, to the Scripps board to the effect that, as of that date and based on and subject to various assumptions, limitations and qualifications described in the opinion, the consideration to be paid to holders of Scripps Class A shares in the merger was fair, from a financial point of view, to such holders. After discussion, the Scripps board unanimously determined that (i) the merger is fair to, and in the best interests of, Scripps and its shareholders, (ii) the merger and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are approved, (iii) the merger agreement is approved and declared advisable by the Scripps board and (iv) the Scripps board recommends the adoption of the merger agreement to the holders of the Scripps Class A shares and the Scripps Common Voting Shares. The Scripps board then delegated the resolution of the remaining open points and the execution of the merger agreement to Mr. Lowe and Nicholas B. Paumgarten, a member of the Scripps board.

During the course of the evening of July 29, 2017 and the following day, representatives of Weil and Debevoise, in consultation with representatives of Scripps management and Discovery management, respectively, finalized the merger agreement, disclosure schedules and family voting agreement, and Scripps and Discovery subsequently executed the merger agreement on the evening of July 30, 2017. On the morning of July 31, 2017, the parties issued a joint press release announcing the execution of the merger agreement.

Background of the Exchange Agreement

On June 24, 2016, Mr. Steven A. Miron, whom we refer to as “Mr. Miron”, on behalf of Advance/Newhouse, approached Discovery to consider a potential transaction involving shares of the Discovery Series A preferred stock then held by Advance/Newhouse, which we refer to as a “recapitalization”, in order to facilitate Advance/Newhouse’s ability to transfer the shares of Discovery Series C common stock which it beneficially owned through its ownership of shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock and which were only issuable to Advance/Newhouse upon conversion of its shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock. We refer to such shares of Discovery Series C common stock as the “embedded Discovery Series C common stock”. On August 6, 2014, Discovery had distributed a stock dividend of one share of Discovery Series C common stock in respect of each outstanding share of Discovery Series A common stock, Discovery Series B common stock and Discovery Series C common stock, which resulted in Advance/Newhouse’s beneficial ownership of the embedded Discovery Series C common stock. Pursuant to the terms of the Discovery Series A preferred stock (which was initially only convertible into shares of Discovery Series A common stock), the embedded Discovery Series C common stock would be issued only upon conversion of the corresponding shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock. Mr. Miron also requested that, as part of the recapitalization, the terms of the Discovery Series A preferred stock and Discovery Series C preferred stock be amended such that the holder would receive any future common stock dividends with respect to its shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock in the same manner as and concurrently with holders of the Discovery common stock, instead of only upon conversion of shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock.

On December 7, 2016, the Discovery board established an independent committee of disinterested directors, which we refer to as the “independent transaction committee”, consisting of Messrs. Robert R. Bennett, Paul A. Gould and J. David Wargo, to evaluate, consider and negotiate a recapitalization and to determine whether such transaction would be in the best interests of Discovery and its shareholders (excluding Advance/Newhouse). The independent transaction committee engaged Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz, which we refer to as “Wachtell Lipton”, as the independent transaction committee’s legal counsel in January 2017, and engaged Perella Weinberg Partners LP, which we refer to as “PWP”, as the independent transaction committee’s independent advisor in February 2017. From late January to May 2017, the independent transaction committee and its advisors discussed potential terms of a recapitalization with representatives of Advance/Newhouse and its legal

 

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counsel, Sullivan & Cromwell LLP, which we refer to as “S&C”, but did not reach an agreement on transaction terms. Among the terms discussed were transfer restrictions on the embedded Discovery Series C common stock to be released in the recapitalization and a right of first offer, which we refer to as the “ROFO”, in favor of Discovery to purchase Advance/Newhouse’s shares of Discovery Series A preferred stock in the event Advance/Newhouse and/or its affiliates desired to sell 80% or more of the Discovery Series A preferred stock in a permitted transfer (as defined in the Discovery charter). Under the Discovery charter, Advance/Newhouse could transfer its governance rights attached to the Discovery Series A preferred stock at any time by transferring at least 80% of the Discovery Series A preferred stock to a single transferee.

As described in further detail above, in June 2017, Discovery began its discussions regarding a potential acquisition of Scripps. Pursuant to the terms of the Discovery charter, Discovery would need to obtain the consent of Advance/Newhouse as the holder of a majority of Discovery Series A preferred stock prior to entering into a definitive agreement with respect to the potential transaction with Scripps. In early July 2017, Mr. Miron, on behalf of Advance/Newhouse, informed Discovery that, in the event that Advance/Newhouse did consent to the potential transaction with Scripps, it would expect to complete the recapitalization or a similar transaction in connection with its consent. As a result, on July 13, 2017, the Discovery board expanded the independent transaction committee’s mandate to evaluate a recapitalization in light of the potential benefits to Discovery and its stockholders of the potential transaction with Scripps, and the independent transaction committee, advised by PWP and Wachtell Lipton, resumed discussions with Advance/Newhouse regarding the recapitalization.

Between July 10 and July 28, 2017, the independent transaction committee and its advisors engaged in negotiations with representatives of Advance/Newhouse and S&C regarding a possible recapitalization, premised on Advance/Newhouse’s providing its consent to the potential transaction with Scripps as approved by the Discovery board. The independent transaction committee held six meetings during this time, at which meetings it received updates from representatives of PWP and Wachtell Lipton regarding their negotiations with S&C, and provided further direction to the committee’s advisors as to the terms of the recapitalization. During this time, Wachtell Lipton had various conversations with management of Discovery regarding certain legal implications of the potential recapitalization, Wachtell Lipton and PWP had a conversation with management of Discovery regarding certain accounting implications of the potential recapitalization and Wachtell Lipton and S&C negotiated terms of the exchange agreement and related documentation in connection with the recapitalization. Among other things, the independent transaction committee and Advance/Newhouse negotiated the duration and other terms of a ROFO in favor of Discovery that would apply if Advance/Newhouse and/or its affiliates sought to sell 80% or more of their Discovery Series A preferred stock in a Permitted Transfer, transfer restrictions on the embedded Discovery Series C common stock following their release in the recapitalization and Advance/Newhouse’s ability to pledge such shares under certain specified circumstances notwithstanding the transfer restrictions, whether the recapitalization would be contingent upon the completion of the merger, and whether holders of the new series of preferred stock to be issued pursuant to the recapitalization would be entitled to receive common stock dividends in the same manner as and concurrently with holders of the Discovery common stock.

On the evening of July 28, 2017, the independent transaction committee held a meeting to review the terms of the proposed exchange agreement. Representatives of Wachtell Lipton and PWP also participated in the meeting. Representatives of Wachtell Lipton reviewed the fiduciary duties of the members of the independent transaction committee in considering the exchange, including in light of the potential transaction with Scripps, and discussed the material terms set forth in the draft exchange agreement. PWP also provided its view of certain financial aspects of the proposed exchange, noting the financial impacts of the exchange to Advance/Newhouse, as well as the financial impacts to Discovery and its stockholders (excluding Advance/Newhouse). After considering the proposed terms of the exchange agreement and the presentations of its legal and financial advisors, the independent transaction committee unanimously determined that, in the context of the potential benefits to Discovery and its stockholders of the potential transaction with Scripps, the exchange as contemplated by the exchange agreement was in the best interests of Discovery and its stockholders (excluding Advance/Newhouse). The independent transaction committee recommended that the Discovery board approve the

 

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exchange as contemplated by the exchange agreement and related matters, subject to the Discovery board’s approval of the potential transaction with Scripps. The Discovery board approved the exchange and related matters in connection with its approval of the transaction with Scripps.

Thereafter, on the evening of July 30, 2017, the exchange agreement was executed by Discovery and Advance/Newhouse. See “Other Agreements Related to the Merger—Exchange Agreement”.

Merger Consideration

In the merger, each Scripps share issued and outstanding immediately prior to the completion of the merger (other than (i) Scripps shares owned by Discovery or Merger Sub and (ii) Scripps shares owned by shareholders who have perfected and not withdrawn a demand for dissenters’ rights pursuant to the ORC) will be converted into the right to receive $63.00 per share in cash and a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock based on the exchange ratios described below.

The stock portion of the merger consideration will be subject to a collar based on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. Holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share 1.2096 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, and 0.9408 shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than $28.70. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than or equal to $22.32 but less than or equal to $28.70, holders of Scripps shares will receive for each Scripps share a number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock between 1.2096 and 0.9408 equal to $27.00 in value at the DISCK 15-day VWAP. If the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51, Discovery has the option to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares. In the event that Discovery elects to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares, it has the right, in its sole discretion, to reduce the exchange ratio from what it otherwise would have been to no less than 1.0584 and to pay such additional cash in an amount (not to exceed $3.38) equal to the amount by which the exchange ratio was reduced multiplied by the DISCK 15-day VWAP. Accordingly, the actual number of shares and the value of Discovery Series C common stock delivered to Scripps shareholders after completion of the merger will depend on the DISCK 15-day VWAP. The value of the Discovery Series C common stock delivered for each such Scripps share may be greater than, less than or equal to $27.00. Discovery Series C common stock is traded on the NASDAQ under the trading symbol “DISCK.” The Discovery Series C common stock has no voting rights except as required under the DGCL.

Holders of Scripps shares will have the option to elect to receive the mixed consideration, the stock consideration or the cash consideration, subject to pro rata cut backs to the extent cash or stock is oversubscribed. Under the proration and adjustment procedures, the total amount of cash paid, and the total number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock issued, in the merger to holders of Scripps shares, as a whole, will be equal to the total amount of cash and number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock that would have been paid and issued if all of the holders of Scripps shares elected the mixed consideration. Holders of Scripps shares (other than holders of excluded shares) who fail to make a timely election or who make no election will receive the mixed consideration for each Scripps share they hold.

No fractional shares of Discovery Series C common stock will be issued in the merger. Scripps shareholders will receive cash, without interest, in lieu of any fractional shares.

In the event that Scripps changes the number of Scripps shares or securities convertible or exchangeable into or exercisable for any such Scripps shares, or Discovery changes the number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock, in each case issued and outstanding prior to the completion of the merger as a result of a distribution, reclassification, stock split (including a reverse stock split), stock dividend or distribution, recapitalization, subdivision or other similar transaction, the merger consideration will be equitably adjusted to eliminate the effects of such event on the merger consideration.

 

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Procedures for Election

The form of election will be made available to holders of Scripps shares on the same day as this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus. The form of election enables holders of Scripps shares to choose to make a stock election, a cash election or choose the default mixed consideration with respect to each of their Scripps shares eligible to receive the merger consideration. Scripps shareholders have until 5:00 p.m. New York City time, on the later of (i) the date of the Scripps special meeting or (ii) if the closing date is more than four business days after the date of the Scripps special meeting, the date that is two business days prior to the date of the completion of the merger, which we refer to as the “election deadline”, to make their election and return their completed election forms, along with any stock certificates held, to the exchange agent. If a shareholder holds Scripps shares through a bank, broker or other nominee, such bank, broker or other nominee, as applicable, will provide that shareholder with instructions on how to make an election.

With respect to Scripps shares that are held in certificated form, the delivery of the stock certificates, together with the properly completed form of election, shall be effected only upon delivery to the exchange agent of the physical certificates representing the Scripps shares to which such form of election relates, duly endorsed in blank or otherwise in form acceptable for transfer on the books of Scripps. With respect to Scripps shares that are held in “book-entry” form, the holder should follow the instructions in the form of election in order to make an election. Further, holders of Scripps shares who have lost their certificates will need to have such certificates replaced in advance of the election deadline to allow sufficient time for delivery of their replacement certificates to the exchange agent by the election deadline. If holders of Scripps shares do not send their completed form of election to the exchange agent by the election deadline, or fail to properly deliver their certificates or other documents specified in the form of election (with respect to certificated or book-entry shares for which an election is made) by the election deadline, such shareholders will not be deemed to have made a proper election and will instead receive the mixed consideration.

Discovery’s Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Discovery Board

In making its determination to approve the merger agreement and resolve to recommend that Discovery stockholders approve the stock issuance proposal in connection with the merger, the Discovery board held a number of meetings, and consulted with Discovery’s senior management and its legal and financial advisors at Debevoise & Plimpton, Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs.

The Discovery board considered a number of factors, including those listed below. The Discovery board considered these factors as a whole, and considered the relevant information and factors to be favorable to, and in support of, its determination.

 

    A More Durable Independent Media Company. The combination of Discovery and Scripps will create a more durable independent media company, offering more consumer benefit and choice, and improving the overall growth profile for Discovery in the future.

 

    Premier Real-Life Entertainment Portfolio. The transaction brings together a suite of world-class linear, digital and short-form entertainment brands to the benefit of consumers. As a result of the transaction, the combined company will produce approximately 8,000 hours of original programming annually, and will be home to approximately 300,000 hours of library content. In addition, the combined company will generate seven billion short-form streaming video views monthly (including those from Discovery’s Group Nine joint venture), establishing it among the top short-form providers.

 

    Content Across Key Demographics. The transaction will make Discovery’s content offering more attractive in certain demographics, resulting in an enhanced offering for viewers and advertisers. Following the transaction, the combined company will have nearly 20% of ad-supported pay-TV viewership in the U.S., and become home to five of the top female networks in ad-supported pay-TV with over 20% share of women watching primetime in the U.S.

 

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    Significant Expected Synergies. Discovery expects to realize significant cost synergies as a result of the transaction, which will help drive improved earnings and cash flow for the combined company. By the end of the first full year after the completion of the merger, Discovery expects that it will have achieved $350MM in annual synergies, with potential upside in future years. The transaction is expected to be accretive to adjusted earnings per share and to free cash flow in the first year after the completion of the merger.

 

    International Growth Opportunities. Discovery has a broad international presence, with networks in more than 220 countries and territories around the world. Discovery expects to extend Scripps’ brands, programming and talent to a broader international audience through Discovery’s global distribution, sales and language localization infrastructure, with opportunities to enhance Discovery’s existing global networks with select Scripps content. Scripps is positioned in key international markets, including the United Kingdom and Poland, and the merger will help fuel Discovery’s existing content pipeline in growth areas like Discovery’s Home and Health Network in Latin America.

 

    New Opportunities for Advertisers. Discovery expects to combine Scripps’ digital and linear content offerings with Discovery’s assets to create a more effective digital and linear platform for advertisers. The combination of the two companies’ data expertise and broad reach across linear and digital platforms will permit advertisers to buy more targeted audiences and allow Discovery to offer more customized solutions to clients.

 

    Potential to Strengthen Affiliate Offering. As a result of the transaction, Discovery expects to offer a more attractive programming platform to the multichannel video programming distributors that deliver Discovery’s programming to consumers.

 

    Non-Linear Growth Opportunities. As a result of the transaction, Discovery’s added scale, content engine and multiple brand offerings will present an attractive opportunity for new digital distribution partners, will offer consumers more choice wherever and whenever they want to consume content, including mobile, over-the-top, and direct-to-consumer platforms and offerings, and will position Discovery as a component in non-sports “skinny bundles.”

 

    Increased Free Cash Flow. Discovery expects the transaction to be accretive to free cash flow, which will initially be used to reduce leverage, and is expected to subsequently be available to fund additional strategic growth investments and to return capital to Discovery stockholders.

The Discovery board considered the following additional factors as generally supporting its determination:

 

    its belief that the merger is more favorable to Discovery stockholders than the potential value that would result from Discovery continuing without an acquisition of Scripps;

 

    management’s knowledge of the current business climate in the industry in which Discovery and Scripps operate and the prospective environment in which the combined company will operate following completion of the merger, including industry, economic and market conditions;

 

    management’s knowledge of Discovery’s business, financial condition, results of operations, industry and competitive environment;

 

    management’s knowledge of Scripps’ business, financial condition, results of operations, industry and competitive environment, taking into account the results of Discovery’s due diligence review of Scripps;

 

    the likelihood that the transaction will be consummated, based on, among other things, the conditions to closing contained in the merger agreement, the commitment by Discovery to obtain financing and the commitment letter from Goldman Sachs Lending Entities, the commitment by Discovery and Scripps to obtain necessary regulatory clearances subject to certain limitations, and the entry by Discovery and the other parties thereto into the Scripps voting agreement, the Malone voting agreement and the Advance/Newhouse voting agreement;

 

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    the use of Discovery Series C common stock as acquisition currency, which would benefit Discovery stockholders by facilitating further liquidity of that stock and would not dilute the voting power of Malone or Advance/Newhouse, who have provided valuable long-term perspective and industry expertise that in the Discovery board’s view has and is expected to continue over time to inure to the benefit of all Discovery stockholders;

 

    the expectation that, immediately after completion of the merger and based upon the number of shares of Discovery common stock then outstanding (taking into account preferred shares on an as-converted basis), former shareholders of Scripps will own approximately 20% of Discovery’s fully diluted common shares and Discovery stockholders will own approximately 80%;

 

    the historical and then-current trading prices and volumes of each of the Discovery Series C common stock and Scripps Class A shares;

 

    the fact that, to the extent the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32 or greater than $28.70, the exchange ratio related to the stock consideration to be paid to Scripps shareholders would be fixed and Discovery would have certainty as to how many shares of Discovery Series C common stock it would issue in connection with the merger and that, to the extent the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32, Discovery would not be required to issue incremental shares to holders of Scripps shares;

 

    the fact that, to the extent the DISCK 15-day VWAP is greater than the July 21, 2017 stock price of $25.51 used to set the midpoint of the collar, Discovery would issue fewer shares of Series C common stock in connection with the merger;

 

    Discovery’s ability to pay additional cash instead of issuing more shares of Discovery Series C common stock if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $25.51;

 

    the oral opinion of each of Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs to the Discovery board, subsequently confirmed in writing, as to the fairness, from a financial point of view, to Discovery of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery, which opinion was based on and subject to the matters considered, the procedures followed, the assumptions made and various limitations of and qualifications to the review undertaken as more fully described under the section entitled “The Merger—Opinions of Discovery’s Financial Advisors”; and

 

    the financial and other terms and conditions of the merger agreement, including the termination fee of $356,000,000 payable by Scripps to Discovery under certain circumstances described in the section entitled “The Merger Agreement—Termination Fee”.

The Discovery board weighed the foregoing advantages and benefits against a variety of potentially negative factors, including:

 

    the challenges inherent in the combination of two businesses, including the risk that integration of the two companies may take more time and be more costly than anticipated, and the risk that the cost synergies and other benefits expected to be obtained as a result of the transaction might not be fully or timely realized;

 

    the potential risk of diverting management focus and resources from operational matters and other strategic opportunities while working to implement the merger;

 

    the fact that substantial costs will be incurred by both Discovery and Scripps in connection with the transaction;

 

    the risk that Scripps might not meet its financial projections;

 

    the fact that projections of future results of operations of the combined company are necessarily estimates based on assumptions;

 

    the risk that Discovery and Scripps may be unable to retain key employees;

 

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    the fact that the merger would result in higher leverage, due to Discovery’s incurrence of up to $8.8 billion in indebtedness in connection with the merger and its assumption of approximately $2.7 billion in indebtedness in the form of the Scripps notes, which would cause Discovery to suspend its share buyback program until leverage had decreased to historical levels;

 

    the fact that, because the exchange ratio related to the stock consideration to be paid to Scripps shareholders is fixed if the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than $22.32 or greater than $28.70, the value of the stock portion of the consideration to be paid by Discovery could change between the signing of the merger agreement and the completion of the merger as a result of, among other things: (1) a change in the value of Discovery’s or Scripps’ businesses, (2) the amount of cost savings anticipated to be obtained as a result of the merger, and (3) changes in the equity markets;

 

    the fact that, to the extent the DISCK 15-day VWAP is less than the July 21, 2017 stock price of $25.51 used to set the midpoint of the collar, Discovery would issue more shares of Series C common stock in connection with the merger;

 

    the fact that Discovery Series C common stock traded at a discount to the Discovery Series A common stock at the time of entry into the merger agreement, which would require that more shares be issued as a result of the use of Discovery Series C common stock as merger consideration than if Discovery Series A common stock had been used;

 

    the ownership dilution to current Discovery stockholders as a result of the issuance of shares of Discovery Series C common stock to holders of Scripps shares in connection with the merger;

 

    the possibility that the merger may not be completed on the terms or timeline currently contemplated or at all, including for reasons beyond the control of Discovery or Scripps;

 

    the risk that the failure to complete the merger could negatively affect the price of Discovery common stock and future business and financial results of Discovery;

 

    certain terms of the merger agreement, including:

 

    Scripps’ ability, under certain circumstances and subject to certain conditions, to furnish non-public information to and to conduct negotiations with a third party that makes an unsolicited bona fide proposal for a business combination or acquisition of Scripps that the Scripps board determines would reasonably be expected to result in a proposal that is superior to the merger;

 

    the requirement that Discovery take all actions necessary to obtain required regulatory approvals, except those actions which would result in a material adverse effect on Discovery, Scripps, and their respective subsidiaries, taken as a whole, after giving effect to the merger; and

 

    the restrictions on the conduct of certain aspects of Discovery’s business until the completion of the transaction (or the termination of the merger agreement), which may delay or prevent Discovery from undertaking business opportunities that may arise or negatively affect Discovery’s ability to attract and retain key personnel;

 

    the potential downward pressure on the share price of the Discovery Series C common stock after the closing of the transaction that may result if the former Scripps shareholders seek to sell their shares of Discovery Series C common stock after the closing; and

 

    the risks of the type and nature described under “Risk Factors”.

After considering the various potentially positive and negative factors, including the foregoing and discussions with, and questioning of, Discovery’s management and Discovery’s financial and legal advisors, the Discovery board determined that, overall, the potential benefits of the merger outweighed the risks and uncertainties of the merger. The Discovery board also relied on the experience of Guggenheim Securities and Goldman Sachs, its financial advisors, for their opinions as to the fairness, from a financial point of view, to Discovery of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery, which opinions were based on and

 

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subject to the matters considered, the procedures followed, the assumptions made and various limitations of and qualifications to the review undertaken. The foregoing discussion of the information and factors considered by the Discovery board is not exhaustive but is intended to reflect the principal factors considered by the Discovery board in its consideration of the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

The foregoing discussion of the information and factors considered by the Discovery board utilized forward-looking information. This information should be read in light of the factors described under the section entitled “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”.

Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board

In evaluating the merger agreement and the merger, the Scripps board consulted with Scripps’ management and legal and financial advisors and, in reaching its decision at a meeting of the board of directors on July 29, 2017 to approve the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement and to recommend that holders of Scripps Class A shares and Scripps common shares vote “FOR” the adoption of the merger agreement, the Scripps board considered a variety of factors in respect of the merger, including the following (not necessarily in order of relative importance):

Strategic Considerations. The Scripps board considered that the merger is expected to provide a number of significant strategic opportunities, including the following:

 

    the merger would create a global content company with innovative, focused businesses and a global portfolio of brands, and a diversified revenue mix across segments, geographies and customers resulting in improved opportunities for growth, cost savings and innovation relative to what Scripps could achieve on a standalone basis;

 

    the combined business would maintain a presence in the United States and increase its presence in international markets while bringing together a complementary portfolio of brands, resulting in improved opportunities for growth in both the U.S. and globally relative to what Scripps could achieve on a standalone basis;

 

    as advertising dollars migrate to digital platforms, Scripps is increasingly competing with larger technology companies such as Google and Facebook for advertising dollars;

 

    the Scripps board’s view that a combination with Discovery would improve the consumer experience by creating appealing consumer offerings and provide a well-managed home for Scripps’ employees with exciting future opportunities;

 

    the merger would provide multiple potential benefits to Scripps, including (i) providing a significant engine for the creation of non-fiction content, (ii) diversification of content for attracting male and female audiences, (iii) creating a significant international lifestyle expansion opportunity, (iv) providing access to compelling brands, (v) producing a significant library for digital use and (vi) enhancing direct-to-consumer opportunities;

 

    the combined business is expected to generate cost and growth synergies that are expected to result in the combined business having greater potential to achieve further earnings growth and generate more substantial cash flow and bottom-line impact than either Scripps or Discovery could achieve on a standalone basis;

 

    domestically, synergies for Scripps would (i) improve executive and corporate functions, technology, broadcast operations, content distribution and marketing and (ii) provide savings for Scripps’ ad sales operations;

 

    internationally, synergies for Scripps would produce cost savings;

 

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    following the transaction, the combined company would become one of the largest U.S. content companies by net revenue and operating profit, resulting in improved access to global capital markets and unique opportunities for growth relative to what Scripps could achieve on a standalone basis;

 

    the expectation that the combined company post-transaction will retain investment grade status; and

 

    the Scripps board’s view that the two companies have largely complementary operations, including complementary strengths across content and brand offerings, allowing the combined business to offer expanded choices.

Other Factors Considered by the Scripps Board. In addition to considering the strategic factors described above, the Scripps board considered the following additional factors, all of which it viewed as supporting its decision to approve the merger agreement:

 

    the fact that the merger consideration represents a compelling premium to Scripps shareholders for a deal of this size, nature and industry, at approximately 34% to the closing price of Scripps Class A shares on July 18, 2017;

 

    the transaction consideration, comprised of a combination of cash and stock, provides immediate value to Scripps shareholders and also provides Scripps shareholders with the opportunity to participate in the value that the Scripps board believes will be created as a result of the merger;

 

    the Scripps board’s knowledge of Scripps’ and Discovery’s respective businesses, operations, financial condition, earnings and prospects, taking into account the results of Scripps’ due diligence review of Discovery;

 

    the current and prospective business climate in the industry in which Scripps and Discovery operate, including the position of current and likely competitors of Scripps and Discovery;

 

    the alternatives reasonably available to Scripps, including remaining a standalone entity, and pursuing other strategic alternatives, including potential transactions with other industry operators, which the Scripps board evaluated with the assistance of Scripps’ management and legal and financial advisors, and the Scripps board’s belief that the merger with Discovery creates the best reasonably available opportunity to enhance value for the Scripps’ shareholders given the potential risks, rewards and uncertainties associated with other alternatives, including execution and regulatory risk and achievement of anticipated synergies, and without limiting strategic alternatives that Discovery could pursue in the future;

 

    the recommendation of Scripps’ senior management in favor of the merger;

 

    the separate opinions, each dated July 29, 2017, of Allen & Company and J.P. Morgan to the Scripps board as to the fairness, from a financial point of view and as of such date, of the consideration to be paid to holders of Scripps Class A shares in the merger, which opinions were based on and subject to the assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and limitations and qualifications on the review undertaken, as more fully described in “Transaction Summary—Opinion of Allen & Company LLC, Financial Advisor to Scripps” and “Transaction Summary—Opinion of J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Financial Advisor to Scripps”;

 

    the fact that the cash component of the merger consideration to be paid to Scripps shareholders would provide immediate liquidity and certainty of value;

 

    the fact that the stock component of the merger consideration to be paid to Scripps shareholders would provide Scripps shareholders the opportunity to participate in the future earnings and growth potential of the combined company and potential future appreciation in the value of Discovery Series C common stock following the consummation of the transaction;

 

    the fact that the stock component of the merger consideration is subject to a 12.5% collar, which helps protect the value of the merger consideration during the pendency of the transaction; and

 

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    the likelihood that the transaction would be consummated and anticipated timing of closing based on, among other things:

 

    the absence of a financing condition in the merger agreement;

 

    the scope of the conditions to closing;

 

    the level of commitment by Discovery to obtain applicable regulatory approvals, and the assessment of the Scripps board, after considering the advice of counsel, regarding the likelihood of obtaining all required regulatory approvals; and

 

    that Scripps is entitled to specific enforcement of Discovery’s obligations under the merger agreement.

The Scripps board also considered a number of uncertainties and risks in its deliberations concerning the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement, including the following (not necessarily in order of relative importance):

 

    the challenges inherent in the merger of two businesses of the size, geographical diversity and scope of Scripps and Discovery and the size of the companies relative to each other, including the risk that integration costs may be greater than anticipated and the possible diversion of management attention for an extended period;

 

    the difficulties of combining the businesses and workforces of Scripps and Discovery based on, among other things, the geographical dispersion of the combined business’ operations;

 

    the challenges inherent in the management and operation of Discovery’s business, including (i) its position in linear television, (ii) increased exposure to non-flagship assets, (iii) its leverage profile, (iv) currency risk and (v) Discovery’s voting structure and governance;

 

    Scripps’ right, subject to certain conditions, to respond to and negotiate with respect to certain alternative proposals from third parties made prior to closing the transaction;

 

    the restrictions in the merger agreement on the conduct of Scripps’ business during the period between execution of the merger agreement and the consummation of the merger;

 

    the risk that Scripps shareholders or Discovery stockholders may object to and challenge the merger and take actions that may prevent or delay the consummation of the merger, including to vote against the proposals at the Scripps special meeting or Discovery special meeting;

 

    the risk that the pendency of the merger for an extended period following the announcement of the execution of the merger agreement could have an adverse impact on Scripps or Discovery;

 

    the risk that, despite the efforts of Scripps and Discovery prior to the consummation of the merger, Scripps and Discovery may lose key personnel, and the potential resulting negative effects on Scripps’ and, ultimately, Discovery’s businesses;

 

    the risk of not capturing all the anticipated cost savings and synergies between Scripps and Discovery and the risk that other anticipated benefits might not be realized;

 

    the fact that the merger agreement prohibits Scripps from soliciting or engaging in discussions regarding alternative transactions during the pendency of the merger, subject to limited exceptions;

 

    the requirement that Scripps pay Discovery a termination fee equal to 3% of Scripps’ equity value if the merger agreement is terminated under certain circumstances and the inability of Scripps to terminate the merger agreement in connection with a change of recommendation by the Scripps board;

 

    the risk that changes in the regulatory and legislative landscape or new industry developments, including changes in consumer preferences, may adversely affect the business benefits anticipated to result from the merger; and

 

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    various other risks associated with the merger and the business of Scripps, Discovery and the combined company described in “Risk Factors”.

The Scripps board determined that overall these potential risks and uncertainties were outweighed by the benefits that the Scripps board expects to achieve for Scripps shareholders as a result of the merger. The Scripps board was aware that there can be no assurance about future results, including results considered or expected as disclosed in the foregoing reasons.

During its consideration of the merger described above, the Scripps board also was aware that certain of its directors and executive officers may have interests in the merger that are different from or in addition to those of Scripps shareholders generally, as described in “Transaction Summary—Interests of Scripps’ Directors and Executive Officers”.

The above discussion of the material factors considered by the Scripps board in its consideration of the merger and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement is not intended to be exhaustive, but does set forth the principal factors considered by the Scripps board. In light of the number and wide variety of factors considered in connection with the evaluation of the merger, the Scripps board did not consider it practicable to, and did not attempt to, quantify or otherwise assign relative weights to the specific factors it considered in reaching its final decision. The Scripps board viewed its position as based on all of the information available to it and the factors presented to and considered by it. However, some directors may themselves have given different weight to different factors. The factors, potential risks and uncertainties contained in this explanation of Scripps’ reasons for the merger and other information presented in this section contain information that is forward-looking in nature and, therefore, should be read in light of the factors discussed in “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements”.

After careful consideration and evaluation of the merger in consultation with Scripps’ management and advisors, the Scripps board unanimously determined that the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement are fair to and in the best interests of the Scripps shareholders and unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement, the merger and the other transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

The Scripps board unanimously recommends that Scripps shareholders vote “FOR” the merger proposal. See “Scripps Proposal I: Approval of the Merger Proposal” and “Transaction Summary—Scripps’ Reasons for the Transaction and Recommendation of the Scripps Board”.

No Solicitation by Scripps

The merger agreement provides that Scripps will not, and will cause its and its subsidiaries’ respective officers, directors and employees not to, and Scripps will instruct its and its subsidiaries’ respective representatives, not to, directly or indirectly:

 

    solicit, initiate, knowingly induce, knowingly encourage or knowingly facilitate any inquiries or the making of any proposal or offer that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, a Scripps acquisition proposal (as defined below);

 

    participate in any discussions or negotiations with any person regarding any Scripps acquisition proposal;

 

    provide any non-public information or data concerning Scripps or any of its subsidiaries to any person in connection with any Scripps acquisition proposal; or

 

    approve or recommend, make any public statement approving or recommending, or enter into any agreement relating to, any inquiry, proposal or offer that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, a Scripps acquisition proposal.

 

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The merger agreement provides that a Scripps acquisition proposal means any proposal, offer, inquiry or indication of interest from any person or group of persons relating to a merger, consolidation, dissolution, liquidation, tender offer, recapitalization, reorganization, share exchange, share purchase, asset purchase, business combination, joint venture, partnership, dissolution, liquidation, spin-off, extraordinary dividend or similar transaction or series of transactions involving Scripps or any of its subsidiaries which is structured to permit such person or group of persons to, directly or indirectly, acquire beneficial ownership of (i) 20% or more of the outstanding Scripps shares or other equity securities of Scripps, or 20% or more of Scripps’ consolidated net revenues, net income or total assets or (ii) 20% or more of the outstanding class or classes of equity securities of Scripps that collectively have the right to elect a majority of the board of directors of Scripps or any successor thereto, in each case other than the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

Prior to the time, but not after, the Scripps shareholder approval is obtained, if the Scripps board has determined in good faith after consultation with outside legal counsel that (i) based on the information then available and after consultation with a financial advisor of nationally recognized reputation that the unsolicited proposal either constitutes a Scripps superior proposal (as defined below) or would reasonably be expected to result in a Scripps superior proposal and (ii) the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law, Scripps may do any of the following in response to an unsolicited bona fide written acquisition proposal made after the date of the merger agreement that did not result from a breach, in any material respect, of Scripps’ non-solicitation obligations under the merger agreement:

 

    provide access to non-public information regarding Scripps or any of its subsidiaries to the person who made such Scripps acquisition proposal, provided that such information has previously been made available to Discovery or is provided to Discovery substantially concurrently with the making of such information available to such person and that, prior to furnishing any such material non-public information, Scripps receives from the person making such Scripps acquisition proposal an executed confidentiality agreement with terms at least as restrictive in all material respects on such person as the confidentiality agreement between Scripps and Discovery (it being understood that such confidentiality agreement need not prohibit the making or amending of a Scripps acquisition proposal); and

 

    engage or participate in any discussions or negotiations with any such person regarding such Scripps acquisition proposal.

The merger agreement provides that a Scripps superior proposal means any bona fide binding written offer (not solicited by or on behalf of Scripps or any of its subsidiaries or any of their respective representatives or otherwise resulting in a violation of Scripps’ non-solicitation obligations under the merger agreement) made after the date of the merger agreement that, if consummated, would result in a person or group (or its shareholders) (x) owning, directly or indirectly, a majority of the outstanding Scripps shares (or of the stock of the surviving entity in a merger or the direct or indirect parent of the of the surviving entity in a merger) or a majority of the assets (measured on a fair market value basis) of Scripps and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, and (y) having a right to elect a majority of the board of directors of Scripps or any successor thereto, that the Scripps board has determined in good faith (after consultation with outside legal counsel and financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation) to be (i) more favorable to Scripps’ shareholders from a financial point of view than the transaction contemplated by the merger agreement (taking into account all of the terms and conditions of, and the likelihood of completion of, such proposal and the merger agreement (including any changes to the financial terms of the merger agreement proposed by Discovery in response to such offer or otherwise)) and (ii) reasonably capable of being completed, taking into account all financial, legal, regulatory and other aspects of such proposal.

Scripps will promptly (and in any event within 24 hours) notify Discovery if any written or other bona fide inquiries, proposals or offers with respect to a Scripps acquisition proposal are received by Scripps, any non-public information is requested in connection with any Scripps acquisition proposal from Scripps, or any discussions or negotiations with respect to a Scripps acquisition proposal are sought to be initiated or continued with Scripps. In any such notice, Scripps will indicate the name of such person and the material terms and

 

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conditions of any proposals or offers (including, if applicable, copies of any written requests, proposals or offers, including proposed agreements) and will thereafter keep Discovery informed, on a current basis, of the status and terms of any such proposals or offers and the status of any such discussions or negotiations.

Subject to certain exceptions described below, the Scripps board and each committee of the Scripps board may not:

 

    withhold, withdraw, qualify or modify (or publicly propose or resolve to withhold, withdraw, qualify or modify), in a manner adverse to Discovery, its recommendation to Scripps shareholders that they vote in favor of the merger proposal or approve, recommend or otherwise declare advisable (or publicly propose or resolve to approve, recommend or otherwise declare advisable) any Scripps acquisition proposal or make or authorize the making of any public statement (oral or written) that has the substantive effect of such a withdrawal, qualification or modification, which we refer to as the “Scripps recommendation” (it being understood that if any acquisition proposal structured as a tender or exchange offer is commenced, the Scripps board failing to recommend against acceptance of such tender or exchange offer by Scripps shareholders within 10 business days after commencement thereof pursuant to Rule 14d-2 of the Exchange Act will be considered a modification adverse to Discovery);

 

    cause or permit Scripps or any of its subsidiaries to enter into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement; or

 

    approve or recommend, or publicly propose to enter into, a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement.

However, at any time before the Scripps shareholder approval is obtained, the Scripps board may:

 

    make a change in recommendation in connection with a Scripps acquisition proposal if:

 

    the Scripps acquisition proposal did not result from a material breach of the merger agreement; and

 

    the Scripps board determines in good faith, after consultation with financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation and outside legal counsel, that such Scripps acquisition proposal constitutes a Scripps superior proposal and, after consultation with outside legal counsel, that the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law;

 

    make a change in recommendation other than in connection with a Scripps acquisition proposal if (i) an event, occurrence, fact, condition, change, development or effect occurs or arises after the date of the merger agreement that was not known to, or reasonably foreseeable by, the Scripps board as of the date of the merger agreement (or if known or reasonably foreseeable, the material consequences of which were not known or reasonably foreseeable) and (ii) the Scripps board determines in good faith and after consultation with financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation and outside legal counsel that the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law; and/or

 

    terminate the merger agreement and concurrently cause Scripps to enter into a Scripps alternative acquisition agreement providing for a superior proposal, which superior proposal did not result from or in connection with a material breach of the merger agreement, which termination we refer to as a Scripps superior proposal termination event.

The Scripps board may not make a change in recommendation and/or effect a Scripps superior proposal termination until after at least four business days following Discovery’s receipt of written notice from Scripps advising that the Scripps board intends to take such action and the basis for doing so (which notice will include a copy of any such Scripps superior proposal and a copy of any relevant proposed transaction agreements, the identity of the party making such Scripps superior proposal and the material terms of the superior proposal or, in the case of notice given other than in connection with a superior proposal, a reasonably detailed description of the event, occurrence, fact, condition, change, development or effect in connection with which the Scripps board

 

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has given such notice). After providing such notice and prior to effecting such change in recommendation and/or superior proposal termination event:

 

    Scripps must, during such four business day period, use commercially reasonable efforts to engage in good faith with Discovery, to the extent Discovery wishes to engage, with respect to any revisions to the terms of the transaction contemplated by the merger agreement proposed by Discovery; and

 

    in determining whether it may still under the terms of the merger agreement make a change in recommendation and/or effect a Scripps superior proposal termination, the Scripps board must take into account any changes to the terms of the merger agreement proposed by Discovery and any other information provided by Discovery in response to such notice during such four business day period.

Any amendment to the financial terms or conditions or other material terms of any Scripps acquisition proposal will be deemed to be a new Scripps acquisition proposal except that the four business day notice period for such new acquisition proposal will be three business days. Subject to its right to change its recommendation described above, the Scripps board is required to include its recommendation in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and recommend at the special meeting that Scripps shareholders approve the merger proposal, and use its reasonable best efforts to obtain and solicit such adoption.

No Solicitation by Discovery

The merger agreement provides that Discovery will not, and will cause its and its subsidiaries’ respective officers, directors and employees not to, and Discovery will instruct its and its subsidiaries’ respective representatives, not to, directly or indirectly:

 

    solicit, initiate, knowingly induce, knowingly encourage or knowingly facilitate any inquiries or the making of any proposal or offer that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, any Discovery acquisition proposal (as defined below);

 

    participate in any discussions or negotiations with any person regarding any Discovery acquisition proposal;

 

    provide any non-public information or data concerning Discovery or any of its subsidiaries to any person in connection with any Discovery acquisition proposal; or

 

    approve or recommend, make any public statement approving or recommending, or enter into any agreement relating to, any inquiry, proposal or offer that constitutes, or would reasonably be expected to lead to, a Discovery acquisition proposal.

The merger agreement provides that a Discovery acquisition proposal means any proposal, offer, inquiry or indication of interest from any person or group of persons relating to a merger, consolidation, dissolution, liquidation, tender offer, recapitalization, reorganization, share exchange, share purchase, asset purchase, business combination, joint venture, partnership, dissolution, liquidation, spin-off, extraordinary dividend or similar transaction or series of transactions involving Discovery or any of its subsidiaries which is structured to permit such person or group of persons to, directly or indirectly, acquire beneficial ownership of (i) 20% or more of the outstanding capital stock of Discovery (treating preferred stock on an as-converted basis), or 20% or more of Discovery’s consolidated net revenues, net income or total assets or (ii) 20% or more of the outstanding class or classes of equity securities of Discovery that collectively have the right to elect a majority of the board of directors of Discovery or any successor thereto, in each case other than the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement.

Prior to the time, but not after, the Discovery stockholder approval is obtained, if the Discovery board has determined in good faith after consultation with outside legal counsel that (i) based on the information then available and after consultation with a financial advisor of nationally recognized reputation that the unsolicited proposal either constitutes a Discovery superior proposal (as defined below) or would reasonably be expected to

 

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result in a Discovery superior proposal and (ii) the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law, Discovery may do any of the following in response to an unsolicited bona fide written acquisition proposal made after the date of the merger agreement that did not result from a breach, in any material respect, of Discovery’s non-solicitation obligations under the merger agreement:

 

    provide access to non-public information regarding Discovery or any of its subsidiaries to the person who made such Discovery acquisition proposal, provided that such information has previously been made available to Scripps or is provided to Scripps substantially concurrently with the making of such information available to such person and that, prior to furnishing any such material non-public information, Discovery receives from the person making such Discovery acquisition proposal an executed confidentiality agreement with terms at least as restrictive in all material respects on such person as the confidentiality agreement between Scripps and Discovery (it being understood that such confidentiality agreement need not prohibit the making or amending of a Discovery acquisition proposal); and

 

    engage or participate in any discussions or negotiations with any such person regarding such Discovery acquisition proposal.

The merger agreement provides that a Discovery superior proposal means any bona fide binding written offer (not solicited by or on behalf of Discovery or any of its subsidiaries or any of their respective representatives or otherwise resulting in a violation of Discovery’s non-solicitation obligations under the merger agreement) made after the date of the merger agreement that, if completed, would result in a person or group (or its shareholders) (x) owning, directly or indirectly, a majority of the outstanding shares of capital stock of Discovery (or of the stock of the surviving entity in a merger or the direct or indirect parent of the of the surviving entity in a merger) or a majority of the assets (measured on a fair market value basis) of Discovery and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, and (y) having a right to elect a majority of the board of directors of Discovery or any successor thereto, that the Discovery board has determined in good faith (after consultation with outside legal counsel and financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation) to be (i) more favorable to Discovery’s stockholders from a financial point of view than the transaction contemplated by the merger agreement (taking into account all of the terms and conditions of, and the likelihood of completion of, such proposal and the merger agreement (including any changes to the financial terms of the merger agreement proposed by Scripps in response to such offer or otherwise)) and (ii) reasonably capable of being completed, taking into account all financial, legal, regulatory and other aspects of such proposal.

Discovery will promptly (and in any event within 24 hours) notify Scripps if any written or other bona fide inquiries, proposals or offers with respect to a Discovery acquisition proposal are received by Discovery, any non-public information is requested in connection with any Discovery acquisition proposal from Discovery, or any discussions or negotiations with respect to a Discovery acquisition proposal are sought to be initiated or continued with, Discovery. In any such notice, Discovery will indicate the name of such person and the material terms and conditions of any proposals or offers (including, if applicable, copies of any written requests, proposals or offers, including proposed agreements) and will thereafter keep Scripps informed, on a current basis, of the status and terms of any such proposals or offers and the status of any such discussions or negotiations.

Subject to certain exceptions described below, the Discovery board and each committee of the Discovery board may not:

 

   

withhold, withdraw, qualify or modify (or publicly propose or resolve to withhold, withdraw, qualify or modify), in a manner adverse to Scripps, its recommendation to Discovery stockholders that they vote in favor of the stock issuance proposal or approve, recommend or otherwise declare advisable (or publicly propose or resolve to approve, recommend or otherwise declare advisable) any Discovery acquisition proposal or make or authorize the making of any public statement (oral or written) that has the substantive effect of such a withdrawal, qualification or modification, which we refer to as the “Discovery recommendation” (it being understood that if any acquisition proposal structured as a tender or exchange offer is commenced, the Discovery board failing to recommend against acceptance

 

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of such tender or exchange offer by Discovery’s stockholders within 10 business days after commencement thereof pursuant to Rule 14d-2 of the Exchange Act will be considered a modification adverse to Scripps);

 

    cause or permit Discovery or any of its subsidiaries to enter into a Discovery alternative acquisition agreement; or

 

    approve or recommend, or publicly propose to enter into, a Discovery alternative acquisition agreement.

However, at any time before the Discovery stockholder approval is obtained, the Discovery board may:

 

    make a change in recommendation in connection with a Discovery acquisition proposal if:

 

    the Discovery acquisition proposal did not result from a material breach of the non-solicitation obligations of the merger agreement; and

 

    the Discovery board determines in good faith, after consultation with financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation and outside legal counsel, that such Discovery acquisition proposal constitutes a Discovery superior proposal and the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law; or

 

    make a change in recommendation other than in connection with a Discovery acquisition proposal if (i) an event, occurrence, fact, condition, change, development or effect occurs or arises after the date of the merger agreement that was not known to, or reasonably foreseeable by, the Discovery board as of the date of the merger agreement (or if known or reasonably foreseeable, the material consequences of which were not known or reasonably foreseeable) and (ii) the Discovery board determines in good faith and after consultation with financial advisors of nationally recognized reputation and outside legal counsel that the failure to take such action would be inconsistent with the directors’ fiduciary duties under applicable law.

The Discovery board may not make a change in recommendation until after at least four business days following Scripps’ receipt of written notice from Discovery advising that the Discovery board intends to take such action and the basis for doing so (which notice will include a copy of any such Discovery superior proposal and a copy of any relevant proposed transaction agreements, the identity of the party making such Discovery superior proposal and the material terms of the superior proposal or, in the case of notice given other than in connection with a superior proposal, a reasonably detailed description of the event, occurrence, fact, condition, change, development or effect in connection with which the Discovery board has given such notice). After providing such notice and prior to effecting such change in recommendation:

 

    Discovery must, during such four business day period, use commercially reasonable efforts to engage in good faith with Scripps, to the extent Scripps wishes to engage, with respect to any revisions to the terms of the transaction contemplated by the merger agreement proposed by Scripps; and

 

    in determining whether it may still under the terms of the merger agreement make a change in recommendation, the Discovery board must take into account any changes to the terms of the merger agreement proposed by Scripps and any other information provided by Scripps in response to such notice during such four business day period.

Any amendment to the financial terms or any other material terms of any Discovery acquisition proposal will be deemed to be a new Discovery acquisition proposal except that the four business day notice period for such new acquisition proposal will be three business days. Subject to its right to change its recommendation described above, the Discovery board is required to include its recommendation in this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and recommend at the special meeting that Discovery’s stockholders approve the stock issuance proposal, and use its reasonable best efforts to obtain and solicit such adoption.

Opinion of Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, Financial Advisor to Discovery

Goldman Sachs rendered its opinion to the Discovery board, subsequently confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated as of July 30, 2017, to the effect that, as of such date and based upon and subject to the

 

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factors and assumptions set forth therein, the aggregate consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Scripps shares pursuant to the merger agreement was fair from a financial point of view to Discovery.

The full text of the written opinion of Goldman Sachs, dated July 30, 2017, which sets forth assumptions made, procedures followed, matters considered and limitations on the review undertaken in connection with the opinion, is attached as Annex E to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and is incorporated by reference in its entirety. Goldman Sachs provided its opinion for the information and assistance of the Discovery board in connection with its consideration of the merger. The Goldman Sachs opinion is not a recommendation as to how any holder of Discovery voting stock or other Discovery securities should vote with respect to the merger or any other matter.

In connection with rendering the opinion described above and performing its related financial analyses, Goldman Sachs reviewed, among other things:

 

    the merger agreement;

 

    annual reports to stockholders and Annual Reports on Form 10-K of Discovery and Scripps for the five fiscal years ended December 31, 2016;

 

    certain interim reports to stockholders and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q of Discovery and Scripps;

 

    certain other communications from Discovery and Scripps to their respective stockholders;

 

    certain publicly available research analyst reports for Discovery and Scripps;

 

    certain internal financial analyses and forecasts for Scripps prepared by its management; and

 

    certain internal financial analyses and forecasts for Discovery and certain financial analyses and forecasts for Scripps, in each case, as prepared by the management of Discovery and as approved for Goldman Sachs’ use by Discovery, including the forecasts described in “Transaction Summary—Unaudited Prospective Financial Information—Discovery Management’s Unaudited Prospective Financial Information”, which we refer to as the “forecasts”, and including certain cost synergies projected by the management of Discovery to result from the merger, which we refer to as the “synergies”, as approved for Goldman Sachs’ use by Discovery.

Goldman Sachs also held discussions with members of the senior management of Discovery and Scripps regarding their assessment of the past and current business operations, financial condition and future prospects of Discovery and Scripps and the strategic rationale for, and potential benefits of, the merger; reviewed the reported price and trading activity for the shares of Discovery Series C common stock and shares of Scripps Class A shares; compared certain financial and stock market information for Discovery and Scripps with similar information for certain other companies the securities of which are publicly traded; reviewed the financial terms of certain recent business combinations in the global media and cable network industry and in other industries; and performed such other studies and analyses, and considered such other factors, as Goldman Sachs deemed appropriate.

For purposes of rendering the opinion described above, Goldman Sachs, with the consent of the Discovery board, relied upon and assumed the accuracy and completeness of all of the financial, legal, regulatory, tax, accounting and other information provided to, discussed with or reviewed by, Goldman Sachs, without assuming any responsibility for independent verification thereof. In that regard, Goldman Sachs assumed, with the consent of the Discovery board, that the forecasts, including the synergies, were reasonably prepared on a basis reflecting the best then-currently available estimates and judgments of the management of Discovery. Goldman Sachs has not made an independent evaluation or appraisal of the assets and liabilities (including any contingent, derivative or other off-balance-sheet assets and liabilities) of Discovery or Scripps or any of their respective subsidiaries and Goldman Sachs has not been furnished with any such evaluation or appraisal. Goldman Sachs has assumed that all governmental, regulatory or other consents and approvals necessary for the completion of the merger will

 

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be obtained without any adverse effect on Discovery or Scripps or on the expected benefits of the merger in any way meaningful to Goldman Sachs’ analysis. Goldman Sachs has assumed that the merger will be consummated on the terms set forth in the merger agreement, without the waiver or modification of any term or condition the effect of which would be in any way meaningful to Goldman Sachs’ analysis.

Goldman Sachs’ opinion does not address the underlying business decision of Discovery to engage in the merger, or the relative merits of the merger as compared to any strategic alternatives that may be available to Discovery; nor does it address any legal, regulatory, tax or accounting matters. Goldman Sachs’ opinion addresses only the fairness from a financial point of view to Discovery, as of the date of the opinion, of the aggregate consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Scripps shares pursuant to the merger agreement. Goldman Sachs does not express any view on, and Goldman Sachs’ opinion does not address, any other term or aspect of the merger agreement or transaction or any term or aspect of any other agreement or instrument contemplated by the merger agreement or entered into or amended in connection with the merger, including the fairness of the merger to, or any consideration received in connection therewith by, the holders of any other class of securities, creditors, or other constituencies of Discovery; nor as to the fairness of the amount or nature of any compensation to be paid or payable to any of the officers, directors or employees of Discovery or Scripps, or any class of such persons, in connection with the merger, whether relative to the consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Scripps shares pursuant to the merger agreement or otherwise. Goldman Sachs has not taken into account any feature of shares of Discovery Series C common stock other than the economic rights attached to such shares. Goldman Sachs does not express any opinion as to the prices at which shares of Discovery Series C common stock, or any other Discovery securities, will trade at any time or as to the impact of the merger on the solvency or viability of Discovery or Scripps or the ability of Discovery or Scripps to pay their respective obligations when they come due. Goldman Sachs’ opinion was necessarily based on economic, monetary, market and other conditions as in effect on, and the information made available to Goldman Sachs as of, the date of the opinion and Goldman Sachs assumed no responsibility for updating, revising or reaffirming its opinion based on circumstances, developments or events occurring after the date of Goldman Sachs’ opinion. Goldman Sachs’ advisory services and its opinion were provided for the information and assistance of the Discovery board in connection with its consideration of the merger and such opinion does not constitute a recommendation as to how any holder of shares of Discovery voting stock or other Discovery securities should vote with respect to the merger or any other matter. Goldman Sachs’ opinion was approved by a fairness committee of Goldman Sachs.

The following is a summary of the material financial analyses delivered by Goldman Sachs to the Discovery board in connection with rendering the opinion described above. The following summary, however, does not purport to be a complete description of the financial analyses performed by Goldman Sachs, nor does the order of analyses described represent relative importance or weight given to those analyses by Goldman Sachs. Some of the summaries of the financial analyses include information presented in tabular format. The tables must be read together with the full text of each summary and are alone not a complete description of Goldman Sachs’ financial analyses. Except as otherwise noted, the following quantitative information, to the extent that it is based on market data, is based on market data as it existed on or before July 28, 2017, and is not necessarily indicative of current market conditions.

Implied Transaction Premium. Goldman Sachs first calculated $90.00 as the implied value of the per share merger consideration, determined by adding $63.00, the cash portion of the per share merger consideration, to $27.00, the implied value of the stock portion of the per share merger consideration based on the closing price per share of Discovery Series C common stock on July 18, 2017. Goldman Sachs calculated the implied per share stock consideration of $27.00 by multiplying the Discovery Series C common stock price of $25.51 as of July 18, 2017 by 1.0584 (the midpoint of the exchange ratio assuming a Discovery Series C common stock price of $25.51). The base exchange rate is subject to adjustment based upon a symmetrical collar mechanism, pursuant to which if the Discovery Series C common stock price is greater than $28.70, the exchange ratio will be fixed at 0.9408, and if the Discovery Series C common stock price is less than $22.32, the exchange ratio will be fixed at 1.2096.

 

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Goldman Sachs then reviewed the historical trading prices for Scripps Class A shares and compared the implied value of the per share merger consideration to the closing price per share of Scripps Class A shares as of July 28, 2017, the closing price per share of Scripps Class A shares as of July 18, 2017 (the date prior to the publication of rumors of a merger between Discovery and Scripps), the high price and low price per share of Scripps Class A shares for the 52-week period ended July 18, 2017, respectively, and the volume weighted average prices per share of Scripps Class A shares for the one month, two months, and 2017 year to date periods ended July 18, 2017.

This analysis indicated that this implied value of the per share merger consideration represented:

 

    a premium of 3.6% to the closing price of $86.91 per share of Scripps Class A shares as of July 28, 2017;

 

    a premium of 34.3% to the closing price of $67.02 per share of Scripps Class A shares as of July 18, 2017;

 

    a premium of 9.1% to the 52-week high price of $82.46 per share of Scripps Class A shares for the 52-week period ended on July 18, 2017;

 

    a premium of 50.8% to the 52-week low price of $59.67 per share of Scripps Class A shares for the 52-week period ended on July 18, 2017;

 

    a premium of 32.8% to the volume weighted average price of $67.75 per share of Scripps Class A shares for the one month period ended on July 18, 2017;

 

    a premium of 31.3% to the volume weighted average price of $68.52 per share of Scripps Class A shares for the two month period ended on July 18, 2017; and

 

    a premium of 23.5% to the volume weighted average price of $72.87 per share of Scripps Class A shares for the year to date period ended on July 18, 2017.

Scripps Financial Analyses

Illustrative Discounted Cash Flow Analysis—Scripps. Goldman Sachs performed illustrative discounted cash flow analyses (excluding and including synergies) using the forecasts for Scripps and, as applicable, the synergies, to determine an indicative range of implied per share values for Scripps shares. Goldman Sachs used discount rates, ranging from 7.0% to 8.0%, reflecting estimates of Scripps’ weighted average cost of capital, to derive illustrative ranges of implied enterprise values by discounting to present values as of June 30, 2017 (a) estimates of unlevered free cash flows for the years 2017 through 2022, using the forecasts, and (b) illustrative terminal enterprise value based on a terminal enterprise value to EBITDA multiple range of 8.0x to 10.0x. Goldman Sachs then derived ranges of illustrative enterprise values of Scripps by adding the ranges of present values of cash flows and terminal values it derived above. Goldman Sachs then subtracted from such range of illustrative enterprise values the amount of Scripps’ net debt, subtracted the minority interest and added back the value of unconsolidated assets as of June 30, 2017, as publicly reported and provided by the management of Discovery, to derive a range of illustrative equity values for Scripps. Goldman Sachs then divided the illustrative equity values by the number of fully diluted outstanding shares of Scripps as of June 30, 2017, as provided by the management of Scripps.

The following table presents the results of this analysis:

 

     Illustrative
Implied Present
Value Per Share
Range

Scripps (excluding synergies)

   $61.44 -   $81.16

Scripps (including synergies)

   $82.02 - $106.54

 

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Implied Premia Analysis for U.S. Transactions. For each year from 2012 through 2017 (as of July 2017), Goldman Sachs calculated, using publicly available information, the median premia (expressed as a percentage of the aggregate consideration over the closing price on the trading day prior to announcement) paid in such year for acquisition transactions with a transaction value in excess of $1 billion announced in such year. Goldman Sachs then applied an illustrative implied premia range of 16% to 39%, corresponding to the 25th and 75th percentiles for such transactions reviewed, to the Scripps Class A shares unaffected share price of $67.02 as of July 18, 2017 as of July 18, 2017 to obtain a range of implied values per share of $77.74 to $93.16.

Selected Precedent Transactions Analysis. Goldman Sachs analyzed certain publicly available information relating to the following transactions in the cable networks and media sectors:

 

Acquirer

 

Target

 

Date

 

Implied Enterprise Value

AT&T Inc.   Time Warner Inc.   October 2016   $106.6B
Lions Gate Entertainment Corp.   Starz   June 2016   $4.5B
Comcast Corporation   NBCUniversal LLC   February 2013   $40.0B
News Corp.   Yankees Entertainment and Sports Network   November 2012   $3.0B
Comcast Corporation   NBC Universal   December 2009   $30.0B
Scripps Networks Interactive   Travel Channel   November 2009   $1.0B

Although none of the selected transactions is directly comparable to the merger, the target companies in the selected transactions are involved in the global media and cable network industries such that, for purposes of analysis, the selected transactions may be considered similar to the merger.

With respect to each of the selected transactions for which relevant information was publicly available, Goldman Sachs calculated the enterprise value of the target company, as implied by the merger value, as a multiple of the target company’s Adjusted EBITDA, based on publicly available information, for the last 12-month period, or “LTM,” prior to the announcement of the merger, or the “LTM Enterprise Value / Adjusted EBITDA multiple.”

Goldman Sachs then applied the illustrative range of the LTM Enterprise Value / EBITDA multiples of 9.7x and 14.5x, representing the low and high multiples of the mergers reviewed, to the LTM Adjusted EBITDA of Scripps to obtain a range of implied values per share of Scripps Class A shares of $79.30 to $131.40.

Discovery Standalone and Pro Forma Financial Analyses

Illustrative Discounted Cash Flow Analysis—Discovery Standalone. Goldman Sachs performed illustrative discounted cash flow analysis using the forecasts for Discovery on a stand-alone basis. Goldman Sachs used discount rates, ranging from 7.0% to 8.0%, reflecting estimates of Discovery’s weighted average cost of capital, to derive illustrative ranges of implied enterprise values by discounting to present values as of June 30, 2017 (a) estimates of unlevered free cash flows for the years 2017 through 2022, using the forecasts, and (b) illustrative terminal enterprise value based on a terminal enterprise value to EBITDA multiple range of 8.0x to 10.0x. Goldman Sachs then derived ranges of illustrative enterprise values of Discovery by adding the ranges of present values of cash flows and terminal values it derived above. Goldman Sachs then subtracted from such range of illustrative enterprise values the amount of Discovery’s net debt, subtracted the minority interest and added back the value of unconsolidated assets as of June 30, 2017, as publicly reported and provided by the management of Discovery, to derive a range of illustrative equity values for Discovery. Goldman Sachs then divided the illustrative equity values by the number of fully diluted outstanding shares of Discovery as of June 30, 2017, as provided by the management of Discovery.

 

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The following table presents the results of this analysis:

 

     Illustrative
Implied Present
Value Per Share
Range
 

Discovery (Standalone)

   $ 31.14 - $40.72  

Illustrative Discounted Cash Flow Analysis—Pro Forma for Combined Company. Goldman Sachs also performed illustrative discounted cash flow analysis, based on the forecasts and the synergies, of the pro forma combined company. Goldman Sachs used discount rates, ranging from 7.0% to 8.0%, reflecting estimates of the pro forma combined company’s weighted average cost of capital, to derive illustrative ranges of implied enterprise values by discounting to present values as of June 30, 2017 (a) estimates of unlevered free cash flows for the years 2017 through 2022 using the forecasts, and (b) illustrative terminal enterprise value based on a terminal enterprise value to EBITDA multiple range of 8.25x to 10.25x. Goldman Sachs then derived ranges of illustrative enterprise values for the pro forma combined company by adding the ranges of present values of cash flows and terminal values it derived above. Goldman Sachs then subtracted from such range of illustrative enterprise values the amount of the combined company’s net debt (pro forma for the completion of the merger), subtracted the combined minority interest and added back the combined value of unconsolidated assets as of June 30, 2017, as publicly reported and provided by the management of Discovery, to derive a range of illustrative equity values for the combined company. Goldman Sachs then divided the illustrative equity values by the number of fully diluted outstanding shares of the combined company pro forma for the completion of the merger provided by the management of Discovery.

The following table presents the results of this analysis:

 

     Illustrative
Implied Present
Value Per Share
Range
 

Pro Forma Combined Company (including synergies)

   $ 29.30 - $41.57  

Using the same methodologies described above, Goldman Sachs also performed a sensitivity analysis to analyze the impact on the illustrative implied present value per share of the pro forma combined company of changes to (a) the implied value of the stock portion of the per share merger consideration based on the price per share of Discovery Series C common stock set at the high and low range of the collar mechanism and (b) the cash and equity consideration elections set forth in the merger agreements.

The following table presents the results of this analysis:

 

     Illustrative
Implied Impact on
the Present Value
Per Share Range

Low End of Collar ($22.32 per share of Discovery Series C common stock)—Stock Settled

   $(0.86) - $(0.61)

High End of Collar ($28.70 per share of Discovery Series C common stock)—Stock Settled

   $0.63 - $0.89

Low End of Collar ($22.32 per share of Discovery Series C common stock)—Cash Settled

   $(0.49) - $(0.48)

Illustrative Present Value of Future Stock Price Analysis – Discovery Standalone. Goldman Sachs performed an illustrative analysis, using the forecasts, of the implied present value of theoretical future prices per share of Discovery Series C common stock on a standalone basis, which is designed to provide an indication of

 

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the present value of a theoretical future value of the equity of Discovery for the years ending December 31, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021.

Goldman Sachs calculated illustrative implied future equity values per share of Discovery Series C common stock on a standalone basis as of December 31, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 by multiplying enterprise value to one-year forward EBITDA multiples ranging from 8.0x to 10.0x against the estimated EBITDA for Discovery for years 2019 through 2022, respectively, as reflected in the forecasts, to arrive at an implied enterprise value and then subtracting from that the estimated net debt at each year’s end to determine an implied equity value, and then dividing that implied equity value by the number of diluted outstanding shares of Discovery Series C common stock at each year’s end (per information provided by Discovery management), to determine the implied per share value. Goldman Sachs then discounted these future values per share to present value using an illustrative discount rate of 10.55%, reflecting an estimate of Discovery’s cost of equity. This analysis resulted in a range of illustrative present values per share (based on 2021 implied future equity values) of Discovery Series C common stock on a standalone basis ranging from $27.07 to $36.22.

Illustrative Present Value of Future Pro Forma Combined Company Stock Price Analysis. Goldman Sachs also performed a similar illustrative analysis, using the forecasts, of the implied present value of theoretical future prices per share of the pro forma combined company (including synergies), which is designed to provide an indication of the present value of a theoretical future value of the equity of the pro forma combined company (including synergies) for the years ending December 31, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021.

Goldman Sachs calculated illustrative implied future equity values per share of the pro forma combined company as of December 31, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 by multiplying enterprise value to one-year forward EBITDA multiples ranging from 8.25x to 10.25x against the estimated EBITDA for the pro forma combined company (including synergies) for years 2019 through 2022, respectively, as reflected in the forecasts, to arrive at an implied enterprise value and then subtracting from that the estimated net debt at each year’s end to determine an implied equity value, and then dividing that implied equity value by the number of diluted outstanding shares of the pro forma combined company at each year’s end (per information provided by Discovery management) to determine the implied per share value. Goldman Sachs then discounted these future values per share to present value using an illustrative discount rate of 10.55%, reflecting an estimate of the pro forma combined company’s cost of equity. This analysis resulted in a range of illustrative present values per share (based on 2021 implied future equity values) of the pro forma combined company (including synergies) ranging from $26.54 to $36.81.

General

The preparation of a fairness opinion is a complex process and is not necessarily susceptible to partial analysis or summary description. Selecting portions of the analyses or of the summary set forth above, without considering the analyses as a whole, could create an incomplete view of the processes underlying Goldman Sachs’ opinion. In arriving at its fairness determination, Goldman Sachs considered the results of all of its analyses and did not attribute any particular weight to any factor or analysis considered by it. Rather, Goldman Sachs made its determination as to fairness on the basis of its experience and professional judgment after considering the results of all of its analyses. No company or transaction used in the above analyses as a comparison is directly comparable to Discovery or Scripps or the merger.

Goldman Sachs prepared these analyses for purposes of Goldman Sachs’ providing its opinion to the Discovery board as to the fairness from a financial point of view of the aggregate consideration to be paid by Discovery for the outstanding Scripps shares pursuant to the merger agreement. These analyses do not purport to be appraisals nor do they necessarily reflect the prices at which businesses or securities actually may be sold. Analyses based upon projections of future results are not necessarily indicative of actual future results, which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by these analyses. Because these analyses are inherently subject to uncertainty, being based upon numerous factors or events beyond the control of the parties

 

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or their respective advisors, none of the Discovery, Scripps, Goldman Sachs or any other person assumes responsibility if future results are materially different from those forecast.

The aggregate consideration was determined through arm’s-length negotiations between Discovery and Scripps and was approved by the Discovery board. Goldman Sachs provided advice to Discovery during these negotiations. Goldman Sachs did not, however, recommend any specific amount of aggregate consideration to Discovery or the Discovery board or that any specific amount of consideration constituted the only appropriate consideration for the merger.

As described above, Goldman Sachs’ opinion to the Discovery board was one of many factors taken into consideration by the Discovery board in making its determination to approve the merger agreement. The foregoing summary does not purport to be a complete description of the analyses performed by Goldman Sachs in connection with the fairness opinion and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the written opinion of Goldman Sachs attached as Annex E to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus.

Goldman Sachs and its affiliates are engaged in advisory, underwriting and financing, principal investing, sales and trading, research, investment management and other financial and non-financial activities and services for various persons and entities. Goldman Sachs and its affiliates and employees, and funds or other entities they manage or in which they invest or have other economic interests or with which they co-invest, may at any time purchase, sell, hold or vote long or short positions and investments in securities, derivatives, loans, commodities, currencies, credit default swaps and other financial instruments of Discovery, Scripps, any of their respective affiliates and third parties, including affiliates of a significant shareholder of Discovery, which we collectively refer to as the “Discovery related entities”, or any currency or commodity that may be involved in the merger contemplated by the merger agreement. At the request of Discovery’s management, an affiliate of Goldman Sachs entered into financing commitments and agreements to provide Discovery with a bridge loan and permanent financing in connection with the merger, in each case, subject to the terms of such commitments and agreements pursuant to which such affiliate expects to receive compensation. In addition, with Discovery’s consent, one or more affiliates of Goldman Sachs have acted as counterparty for their own accounts with regards to interest rate hedging transactions that Discovery has entered into in connection with the merger. Goldman Sachs may further act as counterparty for their own accounts in currency hedging transactions that Discovery may enter into in connection with the merger. Goldman Sachs acted as financial advisor to Discovery in connection with, and participated in certain of the negotiations leading to, the merger. Goldman Sachs has provided certain financial advisory and/or underwriting services to Discovery related entities and/or its affiliates from time to time for which the Investment Bank Division of Goldman Sachs has received, and may receive, compensation, including having acted as financial advisor to Expedia Inc., a subsidiary of Liberty Media Corporation (“Liberty Media”), a Discovery related entity, in connection with its acquisition of HomeAway, Inc. in December 2016; as a joint bookrunner in connection with the initial public offering of 30,026,635 American Depository Shares, representing 30,026,635 Class A shares, of Trivago N.V., a subsidiary of Liberty Media, in December 2016; as financial advisor to Telenet Group Holding N.V., a subsidiary of Liberty Global plc (“Liberty Global”), a Discovery related entity, in connection with its acquisition of BASE Company N.V. in February 2016; as financial advisor to Liberty Global in connection with its acquisition of Cable & Wireless Communications Plc in May 2016; as private placement agent with respect to a private offering of 1.75% exchangeable senior debentures due 2046 (aggregate principal amount of $750,000,000) by Liberty Interactive Corporation, a Discovery related entity, in August 2016; as bookrunner with respect to a public offering by Ziggo N.V., a subsidiary of Liberty Global, of its 6.000% senior notes due 2027, its 5.500% senior secured notes due 2027 and its 4.250% senior secured notes due 2027 (in total for an aggregate principal amount of $3,900,000,000) in September 2016; and as bookrunner in connection with a convertible financing (aggregate principal amount of $300,000,000) for LendingTree, Inc., a Discovery related entity, in May 2017. During the two year period ended July 30, 2017, the Investment Banking Division of Goldman Sachs has not received any compensation for financial advisory and/or underwriting services provided to Scripps and its affiliates. During the two year period ended July 30, 2017, the Investment Banking Division of Goldman Sachs received compensation for financial advisory and/or underwriting services provided to Discovery and the Discovery

 

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related entities and their respective affiliates of approximately $60 million. Goldman Sachs may also in the future provide financial advisory and/or underwriting services to Discovery, Scripps, Discovery related entities and their respective affiliates for which the Investment Banking Division of Goldman Sachs may receive compensation.

The Discovery board selected Goldman Sachs as its financial advisor because it is an internationally recognized investment banking firm that has substantial experience in transactions similar to the merger. Pursuant to a letter agreement, dated July 28, 2017, Discovery engaged Goldman Sachs to act as its financial advisor in connection with the merger and agreed to pay Goldman Sachs a fee for such services (the “M&A Advisory Fee”). Discovery has agreed to pay Goldman Sachs $52 million in aggregate for the M&A Advisory Fee and financing fees (in connection with the bridge loan and the proposed permanent financing), $10 million of which are the M&A Advisory Fees ($5 million became payable upon execution of the merger agreement and the remainder of which is payable upon completion of the merger), and Discovery has agreed to reimburse Goldman Sachs for certain expenses including attorneys’ fees and disbursements, and to indemnify Goldman Sachs and related persons against various liabilities including certain liabilities under federal securities laws that may arise, out of its engagement.

Opinion of Guggenheim Securities, LLC, Financial Advisor to Discovery

Overview

Discovery retained Guggenheim Securities as its financial advisor in connection with Discovery’s potential acquisition of or merger with Scripps. In selecting Guggenheim Securities as its financial advisor, Discovery considered that, among other things, Guggenheim Securities is an internationally recognized investment banking, financial advisory and securities firm whose senior professionals have substantial experience advising companies in, among other industries, the global media and cable network sectors. Guggenheim Securities, as part of its investment banking, financial advisory and capital markets businesses, is regularly engaged in the valuation and financial assessment of businesses and securities in connection with mergers and acquisitions, recapitalizations, spin-offs/split-offs, restructurings, securities offerings in both the private and public capital markets and valuations for corporate and other purposes.

At the July 29, 2017 meeting of the Discovery board, Guggenheim Securities rendered an oral opinion, which was confirmed by delivery of a written opinion dated as of July 30, 2017, to the Discovery board to the effect that, as of date of the opinion and based on and subject to the matters considered, the procedures followed, the assumptions made and various limitations of and qualifications to the review undertaken, the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery was fair, from a financial point of view, to Discovery.

This description of Guggenheim Securities’ opinion is qualified in its entirety by the full text of the written opinion, which is attached as Annex F to this Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus and which you should read carefully and in its entirety. Guggenheim Securities’ written opinion sets forth the matters considered, the procedures followed, the assumptions made and various limitations of and qualifications to the review undertaken by Guggenheim Securities. Guggenheim Securities’ written opinion, which was authorized for issuance by the Fairness Opinion and Valuation Committee of Guggenheim Securities, is necessarily based on economic, capital markets and other conditions, and the information made available to Guggenheim Securities, as of the date of such opinion. Guggenheim Securities has no responsibility for updating or revising its opinion based on facts, circumstances or events occurring after the date of the rendering of the opinion.

In reading the discussion of Guggenheim Securities’ opinion set forth below, you should be aware that such opinion (and, as applicable, any materials provided in connection therewith):

 

    was provided to the Discovery board (in its capacity as such) for its information and assistance in connection with its evaluation of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery;

 

    did not constitute a recommendation to the Discovery board with respect to the merger;

 

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    did not constitute advice or a recommendation to any holder of Discovery securities or any of Scripps’ shareholders as how to vote or act in connection with the merger or otherwise or what form of merger consideration any holder of Scripps shares should elect to receive pursuant to the cash/stock election mechanism described in the merger agreement (as to which Guggenheim Securities expressed no view or opinion);

 

    did not address Discovery’s underlying business or financial decision to pursue the merger, the relative merits of the merger as compared to any alternative business or financial strategies that might exist for Discovery, the financing of the merger by Discovery or the effects of any other transaction in which Discovery might engage;

 

    addressed only the fairness, from a financial point of view and as of the date of the opinion, to Discovery of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery to the extent expressly specified in such opinion;

 

    expressed no view or opinion as to (i) any other term, aspect or implication of (a) the merger or the merger agreement (including, without limitation, the form or structure of the merger or the cash/stock election procedures, the adjustments and limitations and the prorationing mechanisms contemplated by the merger agreement) or (b) any voting agreement or any other agreement, transaction document or instrument contemplated by the merger agreement or to be entered into or amended in connection with the merger, (ii) any exchange or similar transaction relating to, modifications to the terms and conditions of or any other such actions with respect to the Discovery Series A preferred stock, the Discovery Series C preferred stock and any related agreements or arrangements with the holders thereof or (iii) the fairness, financial or otherwise, of the merger to, or of any consideration to be paid to or received by, the holders of any class of securities (other than as expressly specified in the opinion), creditors or other constituencies of Discovery or Scripps;

 

    did not (i) address the individual circumstances of specific holders of Discovery’s and Scripps’ respective securities (including stock options and warrants) with respect to rights or aspects which may distinguish such holders of Discovery’s and Scripps’ respective securities (including stock options and warrants) held by such holders, (ii) address, take into consideration or give effect to any rights, preferences, restrictions or limitations or other attributes of any such securities (including stock options and warrants) or (iii) in any way address proportionate allocation or relative fairness; and

 

    expressed no view or opinion as to the fairness, financial or otherwise, of the amount or nature of any compensation payable to or to be received by any of Discovery’s or Scripps’ directors, officers or employees, or any class of such persons, in connection with the merger relative to the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery or otherwise.

In the course of performing its reviews and analyses for rendering its opinion, Guggenheim Securities:

 

    reviewed the merger agreement dated as of July 30, 2017;

 

    reviewed certain publicly available business and financial information regarding each of Discovery and Scripps;

 

    reviewed certain non-public business and financial information regarding Discovery’s and Scripps’ respective businesses and prospects (including certain financial projections for each of Discovery and Scripps for the years ending December 31, 2017 through December 31, 2022, which Guggenheim Securities refers to as the “Discovery management financial projections for Discovery” and the “Discovery management financial projections for Scripps”, respectively and which Guggenheim Securities together refers to as the “Discovery management financial projections”), all as prepared and provided to Guggenheim Securities by Discovery’s senior management;

 

   

reviewed certain non-public business and financial information regarding Scripps’ business and prospects (including certain financial projections for the years ending December 31, 2017 through

 

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December 31, 2020, which Guggenheim Securities refers to as the “Scripps management financial projections” and which, together with the Discovery management financial projections, Guggenheim Securities refers to as the “financial projections”), all as prepared and provided to Guggenheim Securities by Scripps’ senior management;

 

    reviewed certain estimated synergies and estimated costs to achieve such synergies (which Guggenheim Securities collectively refers to as the synergy estimates or synergies) expected to result from the merger, all as prepared and provided to Guggenheim Securities by Discovery’s senior management;

 

    discussed with Discovery’s senior management their strategic and financial rationale for the merger as well as their views of Discovery’s and Scripps’ respective businesses, operations, historical and projected financial results and future prospects and the commercial, competitive and regulatory dynamics in the global media and cable network sectors;

 

    discussed with Scripps’ senior management their views of Scripps’ business, operations, historical and projected financial results and future prospects and the commercial, competitive and regulatory dynamics in the global media and cable network sectors;

 

    reviewed the historical prices, trading multiples and trading activity of the Discovery Series C common stock, the Discovery Series A common stock, the Discovery Series B common stock and the Scripps Class A shares;

 

    compared the financial performance of Discovery and Scripps and the trading multiples and trading activity of the Discovery Series C common stock, the Discovery Series A common stock, the Discovery Series B common stock and the Scripps Class A shares with corresponding data for certain other publicly traded companies that Guggenheim Securities deemed relevant in evaluating Discovery and Scripps;

 

    reviewed the valuation and financial metrics of certain mergers and acquisitions that Guggenheim Securities deemed relevant in evaluating the merger;

 

    performed discounted cash flow analyses based on the Discovery management financial projections and the synergy estimates;

 

    reviewed the pro forma financial results, financial condition and capitalization of Discovery giving effect to the merger; and

 

    conducted such other studies, analyses, inquiries and investigations as Guggenheim Securities deemed appropriate.

With respect to the information used in arriving at its opinion, Guggenheim Securities noted that:

 

    Guggenheim Securities relied upon and assumed the accuracy, completeness and reasonableness of all industry, business, financial, legal, regulatory, tax, accounting, actuarial and other information (including, without limitation, the financial projections, the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information) furnished by or discussed with Discovery or Scripps or obtained from public sources, data suppliers and other third parties.

 

   

Guggenheim Securities (i) did not assume any responsibility, obligation or liability for the accuracy, completeness, reasonableness, achievability or independent verification of, and Guggenheim Securities did not independently verify, any such information (including, without limitation, the financial projections, the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information), (ii) expressed no view, opinion, representation, guaranty or warranty (in each case, express or implied) regarding the reasonableness or achievability of the financial projections, the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information or the assumptions upon which they were based and (iii) relied upon the assurances of Discovery’s senior management and Scripps’ senior

 

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management (as the case may be) that they were unaware of any facts or circumstances that would have made such information (including, without limitation, the financial projections, the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information) incomplete, inaccurate or misleading.

 

    Specifically, with respect to (i) the Discovery management financial projections, the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information furnished by or discussed with Discovery, (a) Guggenheim Securities was advised by Discovery’s senior management, and Guggenheim Securities assumed, that the Discovery management financial projections for Discovery, the Discovery management financial projections for Scripps, the synergy estimates, such other estimates and such other forward-looking information utilized in Guggenheim Securities’ analyses had been reasonably prepared on bases reflecting the best then-currently available estimates and judgments of Discovery’s senior management as to the expected future performance of Discovery and Scripps, respectively, and the expected amounts and realization of such synergies (and Guggenheim Securities assumed that such synergies will be realized in the amounts and at the times projected) and (b) Guggenheim Securities assumed that the Discovery management financial projections, the synergy estimates, such other estimates and such other forward-looking information had been reviewed by the Discovery board with the understanding that such information would be used and relied upon by Guggenheim Securities in connection with rendering its opinion, (ii) the Scripps management financial projections, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information furnished by or discussed with Scripps, Guggenheim Securities was advised by Scripps’ senior management, and Guggenheim Securities assumed, that the Scripps management financial projections, such other estimates and such other forward-looking information utilized in Guggenheim Securities’ analyses had been reasonably prepared on bases reflecting the best then-currently available estimates and judgments of Scripps’ senior management as to the expected future performance of Scripps and (iii) any financial projections, other estimates and/or other forward-looking information obtained by Guggenheim Securities from public sources, data suppliers and other third parties, Guggenheim Securities have assumed that such information was reasonable and reliable.

Guggenheim Securities also noted certain other considerations with respect to its engagement and the rendering of its opinion:

 

    Guggenheim Securities did not perform or obtain any independent appraisal of the assets or liabilities (including any contingent, derivative or off-balance sheet assets and liabilities) of Discovery, Scripps or any other entity or the solvency or fair value of Discovery, Scripps or any other entity, nor was Guggenheim Securities furnished with any such appraisals.

 

    Guggenheim Securities’ professionals are not legal, regulatory, tax, consulting, accounting, appraisal or actuarial experts and Guggenheim Securities’ opinion should not be construed as constituting advice with respect to such matters; accordingly, Guggenheim Securities relied on the assessments of Discovery and its other advisors with respect to such matters. Discovery’s senior management advised Guggenheim Securities that all tax-affected financial projections (including, without limitation, the Discovery management financial projections), the synergy estimates, any other estimates and any other forward-looking information reflect the current US federal corporate income tax regime pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; at the direction of the Discovery board and senior management, Guggenheim Securities did not consider or analyze the impacts of any potential or proposed reform thereof in connection with Guggenheim Securities’ opinion and analyses. Guggenheim Securities did not express any view or render any opinion regarding the tax consequences of the merger to Discovery, Scripps or their respective securityholders.

 

    Guggenheim Securities further assumed that:

 

   

In all respects meaningful to its analyses, (i) Discovery, Merger Sub and Scripps will comply with all terms of the merger agreement and (ii) the representations and warranties of Discovery, Merger

 

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Sub and Scripps contained in the merger agreement were true and correct and all conditions to the obligations of each party to the merger agreement to consummate the merger will be satisfied without any waiver, amendment or modification thereof; and

 

    The merger will be consummated in a timely manner in accordance with the terms of the merger agreement and in compliance with all applicable laws, documents and other requirements, without any delays, limitations, restrictions, conditions, divestiture or other requirements, waivers, amendments or modifications (regulatory, tax-related or otherwise) that would have an effect on Discovery, Scripps, the merger or its contemplated benefits in any way meaningful to Guggenheim Securities’ analyses or opinion.

 

    Guggenheim Securities did not express any view or opinion as to what the price of the Discovery Series C common stock will be when issued pursuant to the merger or as to the price or range of prices at which any of Discovery’s or Scripps’ securities may trade or otherwise be transferable at any time, including subsequent to the announcement or completion of the merger.

Summary of Financial Analyses

Overview of Financial Analyses

This “Summary of Financial Analyses” presents a summary of the principal financial analyses performed by Guggenheim Securities and presented to the Discovery board in connection with Guggenheim Securities’ rendering of its opinion. Such presentation to the Discovery board was supplemented by Guggenheim Securities’ oral discussion, the nature and substance of which may not be fully described herein.

Some of the financial analyses summarized below include summary data and information presented in tabular format. In order to understand fully such financial analyses, the summary data and tables must be read together with the full text of the summary. Considering the summary data and tables alone could create a misleading or incomplete view of Guggenheim Securities’ financial analyses.

The preparation of a fairness opinion is a complex process and involves various judgments and determinations as to the most appropriate and relevant financial analyses and the application of those methods to the particular circumstances involved. A fairness opinion therefore is not readily susceptible to partial analysis or summary description, and taking portions of the financial analyses set forth below, without considering such analyses as a whole, would, in Guggenheim Securities’ view, create an incomplete and misleading picture of the processes underlying the financial analyses considered in rendering Guggenheim Securities’ opinion.

In arriving at its opinion, Guggenheim Securities:

 

    based its financial analyses on various assumptions, including assumptions concerning general business, economic and capital markets conditions and industry-specific and company-specific factors, all of which are beyond the control of Discovery, Scripps and Guggenheim Securities;

 

    did not form a view or opinion as to whether any individual analysis or factor, whether positive or negative, considered in isolation, supported or failed to support its opinion;

 

    considered the results of all of its financial analyses and did not attribute any particular weight to any one analysis or factor; and

 

    ultimately arrived at its opinion based on the results of all of its financial analyses assessed as a whole and believes that the totality of the factors considered and the various financial analyses performed by Guggenheim Securities in connection with its opinion operated collectively to support its determination as to the fairness to Discovery, from a financial point of view and as of the date of such opinion, of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery to the extent expressly specified in such opinion.

 

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With respect to the financial analyses performed by Guggenheim Securities in connection with rendering its opinion:

 

    Such financial analyses, particularly those based on estimates and projections, are not necessarily indicative of actual values or actual future results, which may be significantly more or less favorable than suggested by these analyses.

 

    None of the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions used in the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions analysis described below is identical or directly comparable to the merger, and none of the selected publicly traded companies used in the selected publicly traded companies analysis described below is identical or directly comparable to Discovery or Scripps; however, such transactions and companies were selected by Guggenheim Securities, among other reasons, because they involved target companies or represented publicly traded companies which may be considered broadly similar, for purposes of Guggenheim Securities’ financial analyses, to Discovery and Scripps based on Guggenheim Securities’ familiarity with the global cable network sector.

 

    In any event, selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions analysis and selected publicly traded companies analysis are not mathematical; rather, such analyses involve complex considerations and judgments concerning the differences in the business, financial, operating and capital markets-related characteristics and other factors regarding the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions to which the merger was compared and the selected publicly traded companies to which Discovery and Scripps were compared.

 

    Such financial analyses do not purport to be appraisals or to reflect the prices at which any securities may trade at the present time or at any time in the future.

Certain Definitions

Throughout this “Summary of Financial Analyses,” the following financial terms are used in connection with Guggenheim Securities’ various financial analyses:

 

    DCF: means discounted cash flow.

 

    EBITDA: means the relevant company’s operating earnings (after deduction of stock-based compensation) before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization.

 

    EBITDA multiple: represents the relevant company’s enterprise value divided by its historical or projected EBITDA.

 

    Enterprise value: represents the relevant company’s net equity value plus (i) the face amount of total debt (including capital leases), (ii) the estimated value of non-controlling/minority interests, (iii) any unfunded pension liability on an after-tax basis and (iv) certain other debt-like items less (v) cash, cash equivalents, short- and long-term marketable investments and certain other cash-like items, (vi) the estimated value of any non-consolidated investments and (vii) the book value of any other non-cash generating assets.

 

    Net equity value: represents the relevant company’s (i) gross equity value as calculated (a) based on outstanding common shares plus shares issuable upon the conversion or exercise of all in-the-money convertible securities, stock options and/or stock warrants multiplied by (b) the relevant company’s stock price as of the date indicated less (ii) cash proceeds from the assumed exercise of all in-the-money stock options and stock warrants.

 

    NTM: means next twelve months.

 

    Proportionate EBITDA: means EBITDA excluding the proportionate effects of any non-controlling/minority interests.

 

    Proportionate enterprise value: means enterprise value excluding the value of any non-controlling/minority interests.

 

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    Unlevered free cash flow: means the relevant company’s after-tax unlevered operating cash flow minus capital expenditures, certain other operational investments and changes in working capital.

 

    VWAP: means volume-weighted average share price over the indicated period of time.

Recap of Implied Merger Financial Metrics

Based on the headline/nominal merger consideration of $90.00 per Scripps share (comprised of (i) $63.00 per share in cash merger consideration and (ii) $27.00 per share in stock merger consideration (based on a variable number of shares of Discovery Series C common stock within the collar range)), Guggenheim Securities calculated various implied merger-related premia and multiples as outlined in the table below:

 

Headline/Nominal Merger Consideration—Implied Premia and Multiples

 

Headline/Nominal Merger Consideration per Scripps Share

   $ 90.00  

 

     Scripps
Unaffected
Class A
Common
Share
Price (1)
        

Acquisition Premium/(Discount) Relative to the Scripps

Unaffected Class A Common Share Prices @ 7/18/17:

     

Spot Share Price

   $ 67.02        34.3

VWAP:

     

20-Day

     67.76        32.8  

40-Day

     67.34        33.7  

60-Day

     68.66        31.1  

Past Year High Share Price

     82.46        9.1  

Past Year Low Share Price

     59.67        50.8  

Scripps Transaction Proportionate Enterprise Value /

Scripps Proportionate EBITDA:

     

2017E—Discovery Management Financial Projections for Scripps

        11.2

w/ Base Case Run-Rate Synergies ($350M)

        8.7  

w/ Upside Case Run-Rate Synergies ($400M)

        8.5  

2018E—Discovery Management Financial Projections for Scripps

        11.3  

w/ Base Case Run-Rate Synergies ($350M)

        8.8  

w/ Upside Case Run-Rate Synergies ($400M)

        8.5  

 

(1) Based on unaffected date of July 18, 2017, the last trading day prior to news reports of a potential transaction between Discovery and Scripps.

Scripps Change-of-Control Financial Analyses

Recap of Scripps Change-of-Control Financial Analyses. In evaluating Scripps in connection with rendering its opinion, Guggenheim Securities performed various financial analyses which are summarized in the table below and described in more detail elsewhere herein and which in all cases (unless otherwise noted) are based on the Discovery management financial projections for Scripps and the synergy estimates, including discounted cash flow analyses, selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions analysis and selected publicly traded companies analysis. Solely for informational reference purposes, Guggenheim Securities also reviewed the

 

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unaffected historical trading price range for the Scripps Class A shares for the 52-week period ending on July 18, 2017 and Wall Street equity research analysts’ unaffected price targets for the Scripps Class A shares.

 

Recap of Scripps Change-of-Control Financial Analyses

 

Headline/Nominal Merger Consideration per Scripps Share

   $ 90.00  

 

     Reference
Range for
Scripps on a
Change-of-
Control Basis
 

Financial Analyses

   Low      High  

Discounted Cash Flow Analyses:

     

Stand-Alone DCF Valuation

   $ 61.26      $ 86.58  

Synergized DCF Valuation—w/ Base Case Run-Rate Synergies ($350M)

     81.70        114.80  

Synergized DCF Valuation—w/ Upside Case Run-Rate Synergies ($400M)

     84.98        119.21  

Selected Precedent M&A Transactions Analysis

     87.79        97.11  

Selected Publicly Traded Companies Analysis:

     

Based on 2017E Proportionate EBITDA

     64.66        69.36  

Based on 2018E Proportionate EBITDA

     59.52        64.21  

For Informational Reference Purposes

             

Scripps’ Unaffected Share Price Range During Past Year

     59.67        82.46  

Wall Street Equity Research Unaffected Price Targets

     66.00        96.00  

Scripps Discounted Cash Flow Analyses. Guggenheim Securities performed illustrative stand-alone discounted cash flow analyses of Scripps based on projected after-tax unlevered free cash flows (after deduction of stock-based compensation) for Scripps and an estimate of its terminal/continuing value at the end of the projection horizon. Guggenheim Securities also performed illustrative discounted cash flow analyses of the synergy estimates associated with the merger. In performing its illustrative discounted cash flow analyses with respect to Scripps and the synergy estimates:

 

    Guggenheim Securities based its discounted cash flow analyses on the Discovery management financial projections for Scripps and the synergy estimates, in each case as provided by Discovery’s senior management.

 

    Guggenheim Securities used a discount rate range of 6.60% – 8.00% based on its estimate of Scripps’ stand-alone weighted average cost of capital.

 

    In calculating Scripps’ stand-alone terminal/continuing value and the synergies’ terminal/continuing value for purposes of its discounted cash flow analyses, Guggenheim Securities used an illustrative reference range of perpetual growth rates of terminal year normalized after-tax unlevered free cash flow of 0.75% – 1.25%. The illustrative terminal/continuing values implied by the foregoing perpetual growth rate reference range were cross-checked for reasonableness by reference to the implied terminal year forward proportionate EBITDA multiples.

 

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    Guggenheim Securities’ illustrative discounted cash flow analyses resulted in overall reference ranges for purposes of evaluating Scripps shares on an intrinsic-value basis as outlined in the table below:

 

Recap of Scripps DCF Analyses

 
     Low      High  

Scripps Stand-Alone DCF Valuation Reference Range

   $ 61.26      $ 86.58  

Synergized DCF Valuation Reference Range:

     

w/ Base Case Run-Rate Synergies ($350M)

     81.70        114.80  

w/ Upside Case Run-Rate Synergies ($400M)

     84.98        119.21  

 

    Guggenheim Securities noted that the headline/nominal merger consideration of $90.00 per Scripps share was below the mid-point of the foregoing synergized DCF-based valuation reference ranges, which in Guggenheim Securities’ view supported its assessment of the financial fairness of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery.

Scripps Selected Precedent Merger and Acquisition Transactions Analysis. Guggenheim Securities reviewed and analyzed certain financial metrics associated with selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions during the past eight years involving companies in the US cable network sector that Guggenheim Securities deemed relevant for purposes of this analysis. The following five precedent merger and acquisition transactions were selected by Guggenheim Securities for purposes of this analysis:

 

Selected Precedent Merger and Acquisition (M&A) Transactions

Date Announced

  

Acquiror

  

Target Company

10/22/16

   AT&T Inc. (“AT&T”)    Time Warner Inc. (“Time Warner”)

06/30/16

   Lions Gate Entertainment Corp. (“Lions Gate”)    Starz (“Starz”)

11/20/12

   News Corporation (“News Corp”)    YES Network

12/03/09

   Comcast Corporation (“Comcast”)    NBC Universal, Inc. (“NBCU”)

11/05/09

   Scripps    Travel Channel

 

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Guggenheim Securities calculated, among other things and to the extent publicly available, certain implied change-of-control transaction multiples for the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions (based on Wall Street equity research estimates, target company management projections contained in the publicly filed transaction documentation, each company’s most recent publicly available financial filings and certain other publicly available information), which are summarized in the table below:

 

Selected Precedent M&A Transaction Multiples

 
     Enterprise Value /
NTM EBITDA
 
     Seller
Multiple
     Buyer
Multiple (1)
 

AT&T/Time Warner

     12.0      10.8

Lions Gate/Starz

     11.1        8.8  

News Corp/YES Network

     11.1        ND  

Comcast/NBCU

     12.2        12.0  

Scripps/Travel Channel

     13.6        8.0  

Discovery/Scripps Merger (2)

     11.2     

w/ Base Case Run-Rate Synergies ($350M)

        8.7  

w/ Upside Case Run-Rate Synergies ($400M)

        8.5  

 

(1) Reflects transaction-related run-rate synergies as publicly disclosed by the acquiror.
(2) Based on 2017E.

In performing its selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions analysis with respect to Scripps:

 

    Guggenheim Securities selected a reference range of transaction enterprise value / NTM EBITDA multiples of 11.0x – 12.0x for purposes of evaluating Scripps on a change-of-control basis.

 

    Guggenheim Securities based such analysis on the Discovery management financial projections for Scripps and Scripps’ proportionate EBITDA derived therefrom.

 

    Guggenheim Securities’ analysis of the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions resulted in an overall reference range of $87.79 – $97.11 per share for purposes of evaluating Scripps’ shares on a change-of-control basis.

 

    Guggenheim Securities noted that the headline/nominal merger consideration of $90.00 per Scripps share was in line with the foregoing change-of-control transaction reference range based on the selected precedent merger and acquisition transactions analysis, which in Guggenheim Securities’ view supported its assessment of the financial fairness of the aggregate merger consideration to be paid by Discovery.

Scripps Selected Publicly Traded Companies Analysis. Guggenheim Securities reviewed and analyzed Scripps’ historical stock price performance, trading metrics and projected/forecasted financial performance compared to corresponding data for certain other publicly traded companies in the US cable network sector that Guggenheim Securities deemed relevant for purposes of this analysis. The following five publicly traded companies were selected by Guggenheim Securities for purposes of this analysis:

 

Selected Publicly Traded Companies

•    Discovery

•    Viacom Inc. (“Viacom”)

•    AMC Networks Inc. (“AMC”)

•    The Walt Disney Company (“Disney”)

•    Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc. (“Fox”)

 

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In addition, Guggenheim Securities reviewed the implied trading metrics for Fox’s and Disney’s respective cable network segments based on mark-to-market sum-of-the-parts analyses performed by selected Wall Street equity research analysts.

Guggenheim Securities calculated, among other things, various public market trading multiples (as of the unaffected date of July 18, 2017) for Scripps and the selected publicly traded companies (based on Wall Street equity research consensus estimates and each company’s most recent publicly available financial filings), which are summarized in the table below:

 

Selected Publicly Traded Company Multiples

 
     Enterprise
Value /
EBITDA
 
     2017E      2018E  

Discovery

     9.0      8.7

Viacom

     8.4        8.0  

AMC

     7.8        7.6  

Disney—Cable Network Segment

     11.4        10.9  

Fox—Cable Network Segment

     8.6        7.9  

Disney—Entire Company Basis

     10.9        10.2  

Fox—Entire Company Basis

     8.8        8.2  

Scripps (Proportionate Basis):

     

Unaffected Trading Basis

     8.5        8.2  

Discovery/Scripps Merger

     11.2        11.3  

In performing its selected publicly traded companies analysis with respect to Scripps:

 

    Guggenheim Securities selected reference ranges of trading multiples for purposes of evaluating Scripps on a stand-alone public market trading basis as follows: (i) trading enterprise value / 2017E EBITDA multiple range of 8.5x – 9.0x and (ii) trading enterprise value / 2018E EBITDA multiple range of 8.0x – 8.5x.

 

    Guggenheim Securities based such analysis on the Discovery management financial projections for Scripps and Scripps’ proportionate EBITDA derived therefrom.

 

    Guggenheim Securities’ analysis of the selected publicly traded companies resulted in the following overall reference ranges for purposes of evaluating Scripps shares on a stand-alone public market trading basis: (i) $64.66 – $69.36 per share based on a trading enterprise value / EBITDA multiple range of 8.5x – 9.0x 2017E EBITDA and (ii) $59.52 – $64.21 per share based on a trading enterpris